"Suppose ye that I am come to give peace on earth? I tell you, Nay; but rather division: For from henceforth there shall be five in one house divided, three against two, and two against three."
Luke 12:51-52
Corruptions of Christianity: Jehovah's Witness
Christopher J. E. Johnson
Published: Mar 18, 2013
Updated: June 27, 2017

Introduction to Jehovah's Witnesses
The Origin of Jehovah's Witnesses
The Bible's Jesus vs The JW's Jesus
Jehovah's Witnesses Work for Salvation
Using The Force in Luke
A Failed Prophet Is The Devil's Prophet
Tailoring the New World Translation
The Strange Life of Charles Russell
Jehovah's Witnesses Are One of Many
Ex-Jehovah's Witnesses

In our "Corruptions of Christianity" series, we cover pagan religions that claim to "follow Christ," when they openly contradict the Lord Jesus Christ and His doctrine in their teachings and actions. Jehovah's Witnesses (JWs) provide another example of a cult that claims to believe in the Christian God of the Bible, but they reject Him, and instead follow the traditions of their works-based organization (in this instance, the Watchtower Society) that will lead them straight to the pits of hell. Although some may find my introductory remarks harsh, what is harsh is how many people the Watchtower Society has deceived, and how many souls they have diverted away from the saving grace, truth, and liberty of the Lord Jesus Christ.

There is an extremely slim chance that any practicing JW would be willing to even open up this article, let alone read it, because the Watchtower Society strictly forbids JWs to read anything they do not pre-approve. All their reading and studying must come from Watchtower materials, or they run the risk of being disfellowshipped (i.e. shunned; meaning that no other JW is allowed to talk to, or interact with, a disfellowshipped person), which for most JWs, it would cut them off from their parents, children, and friends. To the Watchtower Society, a website like this is what they call "apostate material," but if an active JW is reading this, I would like quote from their most esteemed founder, Charles Russell, from his book Studies in the Scriptures:
"We need to examine, not only what we personally believe, but also what is taught by any religious organization with which we may be associated. Are its teachings in full harmony with God's Word, or are they based on the traditions of men? If we are lovers of the truth, there is nothing to fear from such an examination."
-Charles T. Russell, Studies in the Scriptures, Vol. 2, "The Time Is At Hand," 1913, p. 242

Already, we can see a contradiction from the Watchtower, since they claim to be the only true Christian organization in the world. On the one hand, we have the founder of the Watchtower Society telling us we should examine all associated religions, and that there is nothing to fear from that investigation, but on the other hand, we have the Watchtower telling us that no examination of any outside (i.e. "apostate") materials should be investigated.

The official website of the JWs and Watchtower Society is jw.org, and they say:
"Godís servants study the Bible and Christian publications. Jehovahís standards are discussed at their meetings, assemblies, and conventions. So Christians are in a position to know what Jehovah requires of them. Disfellowshipping takes place only if a member of the congregation unrepentantly engages in gross sin."
-Jehovah's Witnesses, "Always Accept Jehovah's Discipline," Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, retrieved June 22, 2017, [jw.org/en/publications/magazines/w20061115/accept-jehovahs-discipline]

The only sins they mention in their article are things like fornication and drunkenness, but they don't say a word about reading things that are not Watchtower-approved. This website is a Christian publication, but JWs will be disfellowshipped if caught reading it. (i.e. It's not something they like to make publically known.) The Watchtower ignores the statement of its founder, and has no Scriptural backing for its traditions. Again, the chance is small for a JW to read this, but if you are a practicing JW and seek the truth, I encourage you to double check the Word of God, and cross-reference all the quotations I will document so you can see for yourself what's true. (Unlike the Watchtower, I will not hold your family and friends hostage against you if you don't read this, so there's no pressure from me; you're welcome to continue reading or close this page at your own discretion.)

The official JW website states:
"Jesus is 'the truth.'... And Jesus Christ is 'the life.' By means of the ransom, his giving up his perfect life and blood, he made it possible for us to gain 'the real life,' that is, 'everlasting life.'"
-Jehovah's Witnesses, "The Way, the Truth, the Life," Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, retrieved Apr 19, 2017, [jw.org/en/publications/books/jesus/way-truth-life]

To the average Christian, that sounds Biblical; however, it's only what they state on the surface. In reality, they do not believe what Scripture teaches us, as we can see from what Charles Russell said:
"Nor could our Lord have been raised from the dead a man... it was necesary, not only that the man Christ Jesus should die, but just as necessary that the man Christ Jesus should never live again, should remain dead,"
-Charles T. Russell, Studies in the Scriptures, Internation Bible Students Association, Vol. 3, 1916, p. 454, [University of California]

The Bible tells us that if Christ remained dead, and was not raised, then all faith would be in vain, none of us could be saved, and that we would be FALSE WITNESSES:

Now if Christ be preached that he rose from the dead, how say some among you that there is no resurrection of the dead? But if there be no resurrection of the dead, then is Christ not risen: And if Christ be not risen, then is our preaching vain, and your faith is also vain. Yea, and we are found false witnesses of God; because we have testified of God that he raised up Christ: whom he raised not up, if so be that the dead rise not. For if the dead rise not, then is not Christ raised: And if Christ be not raised, your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins. Then they also which are fallen asleep in Christ are perished.
-1 Corinthians 15:12-18

If you are a JW, then your Watchtower training instincts will instruct you to read it from the New World Translation, the JW version, so to save you some time, I'll quote the 2013 revision of it for you. At the time I'm writing this, the 2013 is the latest version of the NWT:
"Now if it is being preached that Christ has been raised from the dead, how is it that some among you say there is no resurrection of the dead? If, indeed, there is no resurrection of the dead, then Christ has not been raised up. But if Christ has not been raised up, our preaching is certainly in vain, and your faith is also in vain. Moreover, we are also found to be false witnesses of God, because we have given witness against God by saying that he raised up the Christ, whom he did not raise up if the dead are really not to be raised up. For if the dead are not to be raised up, neither has Christ been raised up. Further, if Christ has not been raised up, your faith is useless; you remain in your sins. Then also those who have fallen asleep in death in union with Christ have perished."
-Jehovah's Witnesses, "The First to the Corinthians 15:1-58," New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures, 2013, retrieved June 23, 2017, [jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/1-corinthians/15]

So they claim to believe on one hand that Jesus is the "everlasting life," but on the other hand, they believe he's everlasting dead. (We'll cover the Scripture on that in a later chapter.) This is just a taste of the many major contradictions (i.e. lies) that the Watchtower teaches, but just from this one alone, we can see that the foundations of JWs and the Watchtower Society are not laid in Scripture. The JW foundation was laid in in men who were proven to be a false prophets time and time again, and who openly denied the Lord Jesus Christ.

I would like readers to consider that people do not become Jehovah's Witnesses by simply reading the Bible, or in other words, they must be converted by another Jehovah's Witness. JWs don't typically go door-to-door in areas where there are no Christians, but rather, they wait until Christians have established a church, then they set up in that area, leeching off of what has already been built. The bottom line is that many JWs who knock on doors are completely unaware that they are being used to draw people away from the truth, and exploited to expand the Watchtower industry.

Although I have never been a Jehovah's Witness and had to suffer through their endless meetings and duties, and I cannot fully empathize with the the grief, confusion, and stress of being brainwashed and drawn out of a cult like the Watchtower, I somewhat understand what a JW goes through. All I can say is this: The facts don't care about how burdened we are, but Jesus Christ does, and I would encourage JWs to put their faith in Christ and His Word alone, rather than a man-made organization.

Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls. For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light.
-Matthew 11:28-30

The Bible tells us that nothing good can come from a tree that has corrupt roots:

A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit, neither can a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit.
-Matthew 7:18

Let's begin by looking at the root origin of Jehovah's Witnesses.


The story of Jehovah's Witnesses begins in the early 19th century with a man named William Miller, who was most famous for starting a religious cult called the "Adventists," or "Second Adventists." In 1833, Miller publically preached his belief that Christ would return in 1844, and that the people should get ready. In that day, Miller's followers were called "Millerites" or followers of "Millerism." His teaching was based on assumptions made about the prophecies of Daniel:
"Taking '2,300 evenings and mornings' of Daniel 8:14 to mean 2,300 years, [Miller] concluded that Christ would return sometime between March 21, 1843 and March 21, 1844. Miller [formerly a farmer in New York] began to spend all his time lecturing. An Adventist periodical called The Signs of the Times promoted his teachings. But March 21, 1844 came and went without Christ's return. A few weeks later, however, a follower of Miller named Samuel Snow restored the hopes of the Millerites by suggesting that the real date of Christ's return would be October 22, 1844. A new fervency appeared. A number of Adventists gave up their jobs in the 'last days' and spent their time attending church meetings... When October 22 passed, the Adventists' hopes were again crushed. This came to be known as the Great Disappointment of 1844."
-Kenneth Boa, Cults, World Religions and the Occult, David C Cook, 1990, p. 117, ISBN: 9780896938236

It's called the "Great Disappointment" because many people believed Miller, and expected to be raptured out of the earth in 1844. Many people put off having children, sold their homes, refused to plant crops, etc.
Although the grief of the Great Disappointment faded over time, the fire of end-times occultism had been started, and it split into many small fires. (e.g. Seventh-Day Adventists, Advent Christian Church, etc. We'll cover more on those in a later chapter.) About thirty years later, a former Millerite named Nelson Barbour published a document that stated his prediction that Christ would return in 1873, but when 1873 passed and nothing happened, he pushed his prediction up one year to 1874.
Of course, 1874 came and went, and nothing happened, so Barbour told his followers that Christ had returned to earth, but he was incognito (i.e. hidden in secret; hereafter I will refer to this concept as "Incognito Jesus"). In order to justify this, Barbour referenced to Benjamin Wilson's new-age version translation from the corrupt Vatican Manuscript, called The Emphatic Diaglott, for Matthew 24:27.
(Read "Why I Use the King James Bible" here at creationliberty.com for more details on the corrupt manuscripts new-age bible versions use.)

For as the lightning cometh out of the east, and shineth even unto the west; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.
-Matthew 24:27

This obviously describes to us an event that no one could mistake; Christ would come back in the blink of an eye, and all would see and know of the event. However, Wilson's version rejects the preserved Word of God, and changes the word "coming" to "presence:"
"As for the lightning comes out from east, and shines to west, so shall be also the presence of the son of man."
-Benjamin Wilson, The Emphatic Diaglott, Fowler & Wells, 1864, Mat 24:27, p. 102-103, [Princeton University]

Thus, Barbour (through use of a new-age corrupt version) began to preach that Jesus was "present," but still in his spirit form, so he was hidden to the eyes of men. There is nowhere in Scripture where this concept is taught, but the false doctrines taught by this generation of cultists were passed on to the next generation.

Charles Taze Russell was born in 1852 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, was raised as a Presbyterian, and grew up working in (and managing) his father's clothing store, while attending various denominational church buildings every week. At age 16, he declared he had problems with the doctrines of Scripture, and he began to doubt God and the Bible, so he left the churches to study various other religions until one day he heard a Second Adventist (i.e. Millerite) preacher named Jonas Wendell.
(See Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society, Jehovah's Witnesses in the Divine Purpose, Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of New York, 1959, p. 14, [University of Wisconsin - Madison])

Although Russell didn't agree with everything he heard, Wendell's preaching had a profound influence on his life, and so Russell decided to follow some Second Adventists to do some study. Some of the men who mentored Russell were Second Adventist minister George Stetson, and George Storrs, a former Millerite and publisher of The Bible Examiner magazine.
(See James M. Penton, Apocalypse Delayed: The Story of Jehovah's Witnesses, Third Edition, University of Toronto Press, 2015, p. 16, ISBN: 9781442616059)

At age 18, Russell began to meet with a small group of friends on a regular basis to study the Bible, and over time, this group began to refer to Russell as "pastor." A few years later in 1876, Russell read a copy of The Herald of the Morning, that was written by Nelson Barbour, who still taught that there was an Incognito Jesus walking the earth, which was generally rejected by the public, but Russell found it quite interesting, and so he decided to meet with Barbour to discuss the details.

After Russell and Barbour's meeting, Russell became the financial pillar behind the failing Herald of the Morning, and his name was added to the list of assistant editors on the front page. Russell provided cash contributions, and in return, he got to publish his own articles inside. This was where Russell's bible study groups and the Adventist cult following formed a publication alliance that would eventually grow into a wealthy religious empire.
(Click image for larger view.)

Barbour predicted that the 1874 Incognito Jesus would rapture all Christians to heaven in the early part of 1878, and again, nothing happened. After this, Barbour reanalyzed a number of doctrines he had taught to make some changes, but Russell didn't like all the changes, so he left the Herald of the Morning Adventist magazine and started up his own magazinei in 1879 called Zion's Watch Tower.

Slowly, the Adventist cult formed a sect called "The Russellites," and even though Barbour and Russell had a falling out, the cult followers still knew that Russell believed in the general principles of Adventism. Not only did he begin selling his own publication, but Russell also got married (to Maria Ackley) and started up many church study groups across most of the north eastern states. In summary, Russell learned the basics of Adventism through the Millerite followers, then learned the habit of making false prediction claims through Nelson Barbour, and then went on to create his own denomination of followers by rejecting the doctrine of God in Three Persons.
(Read "Is The Trinity a Biblical Doctrine?" here at creationliberty.com for more details. The term 'trinity' is a pagan concept, but 'God in Three Persons', meaning that God is the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, is a core Bible doctrine.)

Zion's Watch Tower and Tract Society became a legal corporation by 1884, and their literature was being produced and spread out at a rapid rate. Two years later, Russell published The Divine Plan of the Ages in which he predicted the end of the world in 1914, but he did NOT base it on Scripture in any sense; the entire prediction was made up by measuring the dimensions of the Great Pyramid of Giza. (See image below; click for larger view.)
(This chart is a remake of Charles T. Russell's original doctrine and charts in The Divine Plan of the Ages, International Bible Students Association, 1886, [Harvard University])

Men like Russell who study and theorize about the Great Pyramid of Giza (known commonly as one of the Seven Wonders of the World) are typically called "pyramidologists," or rather, it's referred to as "pyramidism." Pyramidologists are typically associated with "pseudoscience," or in other words, it's based on speculation rather than hard facts, which is why you may find many books and websites refer to Russell as a "pyramidist."

Russell wrote in his book:
"This measure is 1542 inches, and indicates the year B.C. 1542, as the date at that point. Then measuring down the 'Entrance Passage' from that point, to find the distance to the entrance of the 'Pit,' representing the great trouble and destruction with which this age is to close, when evil will be overthrown from power, we find it to be 3457 inches, symbolizing 3457 years from the above date, B.C. 1542. Thus the Pyramid witnesses that the close of 1914 will be the beginning of the time of trouble such as was not since there was a nation--no, nor ever shall be afterward... Nor should any doubt the fact that the forty years of 'harvest' began in the fall of 1874... the 'harvest' period since that date has been one of great advancement in knowledge."
-Charles T. Russell, The Divine Plan of the Ages and the Corroborative Testimony of the Great Pyramid in Egypt, God's Stone Witness and Prophet, International Bible Students Association, 1886, p. 42, [Harvard University]

This actually doesn't make much sense because it relies only on America's unique system of measurement. The rest of the world uses a different metric system than we do, which is why you'll see speedometers in many cars feature both MPH (Miles Per Hour) and KPH (Kilometers Per Hour). The fact that Russell judged the measurements based on inches instead of centimeters is based purely on his own biased opinion and nothing more. (i.e. The numbers would not have added up the way he wanted them to if he used centimeters.)

In a later edition, before the turn of the 20th century, Russell added the following prediction about the rapture of Christians in 1910. Some of these documents are hard to find because the Watchtower has made great efforts to remove certain volumes and editions from their history so JW members won't learn the truth:
"[B]ut this date, 1910, indicated by the [Great] Pyramid, seems to harmonize well with the dates furnished by the Bible. It is but four years before the full close of the time of trouble which ends the Gentile times; and when we remember the Lord's words--that the overcomers shall be accounted worthy to escape the severest of the trouble coming upon the world [i.e. it should be no suprise that he also believed false prophecy of secret pre-tribulation rapture] we may well accept as correct the testimony of the Great Pyramid, that the last members of the 'body' or 'bride' of Christ will have been tested and accepted and will have passed beyond the vail before the close of A.D. 1910."
-Charles T. Russell, quoted by Edmond C. Gruss, Jehovah's Witnesses: Their Claims, Doctrinal Changes, and Prophetic Speculation : what Does the Record Show? Xulon Press, 2001, p. 47, ISBN: 9781931232302; See also Charles T. Russell, Studies in the Scriptures, Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society, 1908, p. 363-364, [Columbia University]

The words I put in bold were removed and rewritten by the Watchtower Society in 1925. They did not want their members to learn the truth, hiding from them Russell's instructions to "well accept" the dates of the false prophecy he gave, and in fact, I went to jw.org and typed the word "pyramid" into their archive search to see what I could find, and it brought back six results, but none of them had anything to do with the Great Pyramid of Giza or Russell's prophecies. (i.e. The Watchtower has been careful to prevent any information about it from appearing on their website.)
(See 'pyramid', Jehovah's Witnesses, "Search JW.ORG," retrieved Apr 14, 2017, [jw.org/en/search/?l=en&q=pyramid&fpd%5B%5D=any&sortBy=rel])

Once 1914 came and went, the once faithful Russellites became skeptical, which is why by 1928, the pyramidology that was claimed to be God's revelation to mankind was officially rejected by the organization and swept under the rug in embarrassment. Today, many Jehovah's Witnesses remain blissfully unaware that their religious leader, who paved the way for their cult, had roots in pyramidism.
(See Ronald H. Fritze, Egyptomania: A History of Fascination, Obsession and Fantasy, Reaktion Books, 2016, p. 270, ISBN: 9781780236858)

Getting back to the timeline, in 1896, Zion's Watch Tower and Tract Society was renamed Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society, which would later be shortened to The Watchtower. By 1906, Russell went through the transformation that every cult leader seems to go through; he told his readers that he was the word of God on earth for men:
"No, the truths I present, as God's mouthpiece, were not revealed in visions or dreams, nor by God's audible voice, nor all at once, but gradually, especially since 1870, and particularly since 1880. Neither is this clear unfolding of truth due to any human ingenuity or acuteness of perception, but to the simple fact that God's due time has come; and if I did not speak, and no other agent could be found, the very stones would cry out."
-Charles T. Russell, quoted by Henry T. Besse, Church History, Holzapfel Publishing Company, 1908, p. 257, [New York Public Library]

When 1914 came, the Russellites prepared for the end of the world. Some JWs today believe that Russell never said these things (because they're cultic elders hide the truth from them), but in his book, Russell stated very clearly:
"In this chapter we present the Bible evidence proving that the full end of the times of the Gentiles, i. e., the full end of their lease of dominion, will be reached in A. D. 1914; and that that date will be the farthest limit of the rule of imperfect men."
-Charles T. Russell, Studies in the Scriptures, London, 1911, p. 76-77, [Harvard University]

To clarify this quote, Russell said that mankind would no longer rule over the world, which would mean the downfall of all governments. During 1914, the Russellites picked up some momentum because, unbeknownst to Russell, that year would be the start of World War I. Many farmers at that time refused to plant crops in the spring because they believed the end of the world was imminent. As the world entered into war, it gave a temporary illusion of Armageddon to the faithful cultists, but when the year rolled over to 1915, it was as if the Great Disappointment of 1844 was now the Great Disappointment of 1914.

Russell tried to keep his cult followers from leaving by pushing the date back one year to 1915 (a trick he learned from William Miller and Nelson Barbour). As we already know, 1915 came, and 1915 went. Sadly, without repentance, Russell was finally judged by God for his sinful offenses, and died during a train ride home the following year on Oct 31, 1916 at age 64.

Russell had left instructions that his position was to be replaced by someone else, but the authority over the corporate Watch Tower and Bible Tract Society was to be shared with a board of directors and with the editorial committee. Russell's Vice President, Joseph Rutherford, a judge, laywer, and Russell's legal advisor, found a loophole in the contracts which allowed him to legally supersede the board of directors without a vote, and so he took over the company by force.

This would obviously create blowback from the board members, because they all thought they had controlling interesting in the company. To settle the matter, Rutherford called a meeting of the board and told his subordinate:
"If they get too obstreperous and indicate they want to start action against the Society, call a policeman... if it becomes necessary, don't hesitate."
-A.H. Macmillan, Faith On The March, p. 78-80, retrieved Apr 13, 2017, [http://bit.ly/2ovNiwl]

The meeting was held, and needless to say, the board was not happy. The arguments started to get heated, but since Rutherford's scheme gave him complete control, he decided to make it a more public matter because the result of police involvement would look good in a Watchtower report to faithful readers.

A police officer removed the men from the building, and Rutherford took complete control over the Watch Tower and Bible Tract Society, however, this war over the cult started to backfire when the U.S. Department of Justice put out a warrent for the arrest of Rutherford and seven other Watch Tower directors under the 1917 Espionage Act, which prohibited any interference with military recruitment or operations during active wartime. The Watchtower's cultic teaching encouraged members to refuse the draft, and convince active military to break their oaths and leave their duty of service, since joining the military is considered a "fellowshiping offense."

This is not to argue that being arrested automatically means he did something wrong, or in other words, I'm not approaching this from a fallacious standpoint because even the disciples of Christ were innocent, but arrested and thrown in jail anyway. However, when Rutherford and the rest of his cult society are defying the government on unbiblical grounds (i.e. by hindering the military, which there is no Biblical precedent for under the circumstances), then they are simply rebels who are faithful to deceptive teachings, and so the government warrents were justified.

In 1918, Russell's book The Finished Mystery: A Helping Hand for Bible Students was condemned by Attorney General Thomas W. Gregory as a conspiracy against the U.S. Army. This condemnation was a response to a petition to release restrictions on the book because:
"The passage of this amendment would reopen our camps to this poisonous influence."
(See Thomas W. Gregory, Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the Second Session of the Sixty-Fifth Congresss of the United States of America, Vol. 56, U.S. Government Printing Office, May 4, 1918, p. 6052)

After appealing their case in court, the Watchtower directors were released on bail, but Rutherford remained. In order to be released, Rutherford made a pact with the U.S. Government that they would instruct their cult members to cut out pages 245-254 of The Finished Mystery, and that the Watch Tower would stop printing copies of the book.

After clearing up the offenses against the U.S. military, Rutherford started replacing elected elders from Watchtower churches with hand-picked staff he appointed. This transformed the Russelite cult into a strictly run corporate network in a very short time. However some of the congregations resisted these changes, which caused a split and created new sects (e.g. Dawn Bible Students [dawnbible.com], Chicago Bible Students [chicagobible.org], Laymen's Home Missionaries [now called Bible Standard Ministries--biblestandard.com], etc), and since their cult was generally known at the time as "The Bible Students," to differentiate between Rutherford's majority sect and the splinter groups, on Oct 1, 1931, Rutherford called his organization "Jehovah's Witnesses."
(See Joseph F. Rutherford, "A New Name," The Watch Tower and Herald of Christ's Presence, Vol. 52, No. 19, Oct 1, 1931)

During this time, Rutherford moved away from the emphasis on members' personal improvement and understanding, and focused instead on pushing Jehovah's Witness literature. He declared that it was the duty of every JW to go door-to-door and distribute Watchtower books and tracts, and made it a requirement within the organization that still exists today.

In the next few sections, we're going to cover many of the strange doctrines and beliefs held by Jehovah's Witnesses, but it is important for us to first acknowledge that JW habits, traditions, and doctrines have largely been handed down from false prophets and heretics over the past 180 years.


The Jesus Christ of the Bible and the "jesus" of the Watchtower Society are not the same person. JWs serve a false god that they call "jesus." The difference between them can be clearly seen by looking at the doctrines of the Bible and comparing them to the doctrines of JWs.

The Watchtower and Jehovah's Witness official website (jw.org) states the following:
"If Jesus of the 'New Testament' is Jehovah of the 'Old Testament,' as many claim, should there not at least be one Biblical reference saying that Jesus is Jehovah? Yet there is not one."
-The Watchtower, Dec 15, 1984, p. 29

What JWs are essentially asking readers to do is go do a keyword search for the words "jesus" and "jehovah," and they know that their readers will not find any results, and so the conclusion they come to is that Jesus and God are not one. There's a reason the name "Jesus" does not appear in the Old Testament, and that's because God didn't reveal the name to anyone until He told it to Joseph and Mary.

And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.
-Matthew 1:21

In Matthew 1:23, the Bible tells us our Savior would be called 'Emmanuel', which literally means "God with us," and there are many correlating verses to back this up:

And there came a fear on all: and they glorified God, saying, That a great prophet is risen up among us; and, That God hath visited his people.
-Luke 7:16

This verse was the reaction of the people after Jesus Christ had raised a young man from the dead. They knew Christ was God in the flesh.

For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
-Isaiah 9:6

This verse tells us that a child (i.e. the prophecy of Jesus Christ) is born into the world that is called "the everlasting Father," and "the mighty God." There is only one way Jesus Christ could be called "the everlasting Father."

Giving thanks unto the Father... Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son... For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth... all things were created by him, and for him:
-Colossians 1:12-16

This verse tells us that the Son (i.e. Jesus Christ) is the creator of all things. Christ got a lot more specific when He told us that He and the Father are one:

My Father, which gave them me, is greater than all; and no man is able to pluck them out of my Father's hand. I and my Father are one.
-John 10:29-30

Jehovah's Witnesses will reject this if they come to your door and you give them these verses, but there is an easy way to show them what they believe is unbiblical. JWs are very strict on the title of "Alpha and Omega," "the beginning and the end," and "the first and the last" being attributed to the Almighty God. It is true that the Alpha and Omega is God, as the Bible points out:

I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.
-Revelation 1:8

For God to share this name with another would make Him a liar, because only He is the beginning and the end, the creator of the world, but as we just read from Colossians 1, Jesus Christ also identifies as the creator of the world. This creates a problem for JWs later in the book of Revelation:

And he said unto me, These sayings are faithful and true: and the Lord God of the holy prophets sent his angel to shew unto his servants the things which must shortly be done. Behold, I come quickly: blessed is he that keepeth the sayings of the prophecy of this book.
-Revelation 22:6-7

God has identified Himself speaking here again, and He confirms it again by identifying Himself as the Alpha and Omega:

And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last.
-Revelation 22:12-13

After identifying Himself as the Almighty God speaking, He then says:

I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star.
-Revelation 22:16-21

This clearly points out that the Lord God and the Lord Jesus Christ are one, just as Christ said in John 10 that they are one. JWs refuse to believe this, and have written objections to this Biblical argument at jw.org, however, there isn't anything of substance in their writings, they just CLAIM Revelation doesn't say what I just showed you it says. For example, they claim that one of their "scholars" concluded that it may not have been talking about Jesus, but just because someone claims that, doesn't make it true; the context of Scripture clearly spells out that the Almighty God and Jesus Christ both identify as the Alpha and Omega.
(See Watchtower Online Library, "Alpha and Omega," retrieved Apr 5, 2017, [wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1200000208#h=5])

However, when speaking with a JW, they will insist that the authorship of the text changes when Jesus is talking, so at that point, they are confirming that the "the first and the last" is Jehovah God only. Now that JWs have confirmed that the first and the last is ONLY talking about Jehovah' God, let's go back to Revelation 1:

And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not; I am the first and the last: I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.
-Revelation 1:17-18

Again, JWs believe that "the first and the last" is talking only of Jehovah God and not of Jesus Christ, so ask them: "When did Jehovah God die?" You could even take it one step further and ask: "When did Jehovah God die and was resurrected from the dead?"

Again, for the sake of any JW that may be reading this, I'll quote the corrupt 2013 New World Translation for you:
"And he laid his right hand on me and said: 'Do not be afraid. I am the First and the Last, and the living one, and I became dead, but look! I am living forever and ever, and I have the keys of death and of the Grave."
-Jehovah's Witnesses, "A Revelation to John 1:1-20," New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures, Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, 2013, retrieved Apr 14, 2017, [jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/revelation/1]

It is very likely that in future versions of the NWT (I am writing this as of 2017), they will alter this text as they have done with so many others (we'll cover more on that in a later chapter). Every few years, they have to correct the so-called "perfect translation."

There is no other created being that can pay the eternal debt of sin; only God can save people from their sins, and JWs believe this too. That means, for the following verse to be true, Jesus Christ has to be God.

And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.
-Matthew 1:21

Jesus Christ taught as one having authority, meaning the authority that He is God:

For he taught them as one having authority, and not as the scribes.
-Mat 7:29

In fact, this is the entire reason the Jews wanted to kill Him. He was teaching from the perspective that He is God, and the Jews rejected Him as God:

Therefore the Jews sought the more to kill him, because he not only had broken the sabbath, but said also that God was his Father, making himself equal with God.
-John 5:18

I and my Father are one. Then the Jews took up stones again to stone him. Jesus answered them, Many good works have I shewed you from my Father; for which of those works do ye stone me? The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone thee not; but for blasphemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God.
-John 10:30-33

This is important because Jehovah's Witnesses will openly tell you that they believe that Jesus is "the Son of God," but when they use that phrase, they do not mean the same thing the Bible tells us. For example, jw.org says:
"[T]he Bible teaches that Jesus was created by God. So Jesus is also called a 'Son of God.'"
-Jehovah's Witnesses, "Why Is Jesus Called Godís Son?" retrieved Apr 5, 2017, [jw.org/en/bible-teachings/questions/jesus-gods-son]

Notice that they say A Son of God, but not THE Son of God; they are making effort continually to lower the divine status of Christ. There is no place the Bible teaches that Jesus was created by God, and again, as we read earlier in Colossians 1, the Bible specifically points out that Jesus Christ is the creator. However, because JWs believe that Christ was created, therefore, they believe that "Son of God" simply means a created being that is not God, but that is not how it is defined in Scripture.

In the verses I just quoted, the Jews recognized that the phrase "Son of God" and Emmanuel (i.e. "God with us") are the same thing, or in other words, they knew that Christ's claim to be the Son of God meant that He claimed to be God Himself who had come in the flesh. The term "son of God" can have multiple meanings, but in this context, the Jews themselves defined it as Christ's claim to be God, and so most hated Him and would not follow Him, and Jehovah's Witnesses today believe EXACTLY the same as the Pharisees believed in Christ's day. This means that JWs believe that Christ is not God, refuse to follow Him, instead choose to follow a false god they deceptively name "jesus," and go door-to-door to convince people to believe the same thing that was believed by those who crucified the Lamb of God.

Although JWs believe that Christ is not God, they do believe that He is A god, but they more view Him as a created god who is not eternal. This too is contradictory to Scripture since the Bible tells us that Christ is to be worshipped:

And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him.
-Hebrews 1:6

The JWs would respond to this by saying that Christ and God are worshipped separately, or in different ways, but the Almighty God said:

For thou shalt worship no other god: for the LORD, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God:
-Exodus 34:14

If Christ is another created god, then He was wrong to not rebuke people for worshipping him. He was worshipped by many different people in the Gospels:

And when they were come into the house, they saw the young child with Mary his mother, and fell down, and worshipped him: and when they had opened their treasures, they presented unto him gifts; gold, and frankincense, and myrrh.
-Matthew 2:11

And, behold, there came a leper and worshipped him, saying, Lord, if thou wilt, thou canst make me clean.
-Matthew 8:2

While he spake these things unto them, behold, there came a certain ruler, and worshipped him, saying, My daughter is even now dead: but come and lay thy hand upon her, and she shall live.
-Matthew 9:18

Then they that were in the ship came and worshipped him, saying, Of a truth thou art the Son of God.
-Matthew 14:33

Then came she and worshipped him, saying, Lord, help me.
-Matthew 15:25

And as they went to tell his disciples, behold, Jesus met them, saying, All hail. And they came and held him by the feet, and worshipped him.
-Matthew 28:9

Not once, anywhere in the Bible, are these people rebuked for worshipping Christ, and that's because they did not violate Scripture; the reason they did not violate Exodus 34:14 is because Jesus is God.

And Jesus answered and said unto him, Get thee behind me, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.
-Luke 4:8

The Lord Jesus Christ has to be God, otherwise there is a contradiction in Scripture, and that would make God a liar, which is not possible.

In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began;
-Titus 1:2

God the Father also said He would not give His glory to anyone else:

I am the LORD: that is my name: and my glory will I not give to another, neither my praise to graven images.
-Isaiah 42:8

God will only give His glory to Himself, and Jesus Christ took part in that glory:

And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was.
-John 17:5

Christ had the same glory that God had before the world began. This is more evidence that Jesus Christ is eternal, meaning that He was not a created being or created god, and the only way He receives glory for that is because He is God.

These are just a few of the many Scriptures that can be quoted demonstrating that Jesus Christ was, is, and always will be God. JWs will say that Christ is not God and use John 14 as their evidence:

Ye have heard how I said unto you, I go away, and come again unto you. If ye loved me, ye would rejoice, because I said, I go unto the Father: for my Father is greater than I.
-John 14:28

JWs claim that God and Christ cannot be equal if one is greater than the other, but that is based on the presupposition that Jesus Christ is not God. Christ brought Himself down to earth to live in the flesh, and while He was in the flesh, God was greater than He, but when He died and rose from the dead, He was equal to the Father again.

The Bible tells us that Christ raised Himself from the dead, and the only way He could do that is if He is God:

Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. Then said the Jews, Forty and six years was this temple in building, and wilt thou rear it up in three days? But he spake of the temple of his body.
-John 2:19-21

the New World Translation also says "I will raise it up:"
"Jesus replied to them: 'Tear down this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.' The Jews then said: 'This temple was built in 46 years, and will you raise it up in three days?' But he was talking about the temple of his body."
-Jehovah's Witnesses, "According to John2:1-25," New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures, 2013, retrieved June 22, 2017, [jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/john/2]

Only the Almighty God could raise Christ from the dead, but Christ said He did it Himself. This is a contradiction unless you believe that the identity of Jesus Christ is God the Father.

In 1920, Joseph Rutherford changed the identity of their false "jesus" from a created god to Michael the Archangel. His argument for this is still taught by the Watchtower today:
"The Bible states that 'Michael and his angels battled with the dragon... and its angels.' (Revelation 12:7) Thus, Michael is the Leader of an army of faithful angels. Revelation also describes Jesus as the Leader of an army of faithful angels. (Revelation 19:14-16)"
-Jehovah's Witnesses, "Who Is Michael the Archangel?" retrieved Apr 14, 2017, [jw.org/en/publications/books/bible-teach/who-is-michael-the-archangel-jesus]

Let's go read Revelation 12 and 19 for ourselves:

And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels,
-Revelation 12:7

And the armies which were in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean. And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.
-Revelation 19:14-16

We just quoted the verses the Watchtower website referenced to, but if you go back and read the two contexts, you'll see that this is talking about two different battles, which should be no surprise since they're seven chapters apart. Chapter 19 points out the armies in heaven followed Him, so if we believe these are the same context, as the Watchtower teaches, then Satan and his devils (i.e. the dragon and his angels) would be following Michael the Archangel, and that makes no sense at all. In chapter 12, the angels are fighting a war in heaven, and in chapter 19, Jesus is exiting heaven (v11); there is no indication anywhere that these are talking about the same person.

What I find absurd about their attempt to so vaguely connect Jesus and Michael on this one verse is the fact that Jesus and God are connected in far more verses throughout the Bible, and yet, JWs will reject God and Christ being one. "Alpha and Omega" and "the first and the last" is clearly spelled out and defined only a few verses apart from each other, but JWs will reject that Jesus and God are the same person, and yet when it comes to Michael and Jesus, they'll take giant leaps of logic that defies the context of Scripture to say they're the same person. In other words, they're willing to believe Michael and Jesus are the same person with one example, but refuse to believe God and Jesus are the same with many examples.

I also want to point out a fallacy of assumption: Michael leading a group of angels and Jesus leading a group of angels does not automatically make them the same person. That's like saying Donald Trump, who is a U.S. President and Commander-in-Chief over the U.S. Military, is the reincarnation of Douglas MacArthur, who was a U.S. General during WWII; it's absurd to think that because they were both in charge of commanding military soldiers, they must be the same person.

The Watchtower teaches:
"There is Scriptural evidence for concluding that Michael was the name of Jesus Christ before he left heaven and after his return."
-The Watchtower, May 15, 1969, p. 307

"Michael the great prince is none other than Jesus Christ himself."
-The Watchtower, Dec 15, 1984, p. 29

One of the major problems with this is that Jesus Christ is given a name which is above every name:

Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus... Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name:
-Philippians 2:5-9

If this is true, then the logical conclusion is that Jesus's name would have to be above God's, and that Michael's name would have to be above God's as well, but they will refuse to believe that because they are inconsistent with their doctrine. There is only one way to interpret that verse in consistency with the rest of Scripture: Jesus Christ is God.

In Hebrews, the Bible tells us that God has never called any angel "Son," nor has he begotten any angel:

Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they. For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?
-Hebrews 1:4-5

For them to say that Michael was destroyed, Jesus was created, then Jesus was destroyed and Michael was recreated, but they're supposed to be the same person, doesn't make any sense in light of what we just read in Hebrews. Jesus Christ would have to be the only begotten Son of God, and at the very least in that passage, He's not on the same authority or personage as the angels.

However, for Jehovah's Witnesses, this problem gets much worse because Charles Russell's The Finished Mystery, which is still highly revered by JWs today, defines Michael as the Pope of Rome:
"[Revelation] 12:7. And there was war in heaven.--Between the two ecclesiastical powers, Pagan Rome and Papal Rome. Michael.--'Who as God,' the Pope.--B275; C62. And his angels.--The Bishops."
-Charlles T. Russell, The Finished Mystery, Internation Bible Students Association, 1918, p. 188, [Harvard University]

It's also interesting to note that Russell did not consider Catholicism to be pagan, even though it is, because he separated "Pagan Rome" from "Papal Rome." The main point, however, is that if we connect JW beliefs that the Pope is Michael, and Michael is Jesus, then JWs would have to believe that the Catholic Pope is Jesus, which would please the Catholic Church in some ways because they believe the Pope is the essence of Christ on earth. (i.e. JWs would hate me saying this becaue they have long preached against the Catholic Church.)
(Read "Corruptions of Christianity: Catholicism" here at creationliberty.com for more details.)

JWs also teach that when Jesus Christ died, He died permenantly and stayed dead. They believe that Jesus's body was hidden by God after it was sealed in the tomb, and Jesus was recreated as Michael the Archangel, but this would make Christ a liar because he told the man crucified with Him:

And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise.
-Luke 23:43

If Jesus stayed dead, then they didn't join Him in paradise. Also, if Jesus was recreated, then it wasn't Him they were joining, but some other being. And again, Jesus said He would raise Himself from the dead in John 2, so you either have to put your trust in the Bible's Jesus, or in the JW's "jesus," but you can't believe in both.

When Mary and Mary Magdalene came to visit the sepulchre where Jesus was buried, they saw the angel sitting on the stone door rolled back from the entrance:

And the angel answered and said unto the women, Fear not ye: for I know that ye seek Jesus, which was crucified. He is not here: for he is risen, as he said. Come, see the place where the Lord lay. And go quickly, and tell his disciples that he is risen from the dead; and, behold, he goeth before you into Galilee; there shall ye see him: lo, I have told you.
-Matthew 28:5-7

Either Jesus remained dead as the JWs claim, or Jesus was risen as the angel of God said. If what JWs claim were true, the angel should have said: "He is not here: for his body is hid. Go quickly, and tell his disciples that God has made a new spirit creature with the name of Michael."

The other disciples therefore said unto him, We have seen the Lord. But he said unto them, Except I shall see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and thrust my hand into his side, I will not believe... Then saith he to Thomas, Reach hither thy finger, and behold my hands; and reach hither thy hand, and thrust it into my side: and be not faithless, but believing.
-John 20:25-27

Thomas came to believe after seeing the evidence of the wounds with his own eyes, and feeling them with his hands. The reason Christ's body had the wounds of His crucifixion is because His body was risen from the dead. A JW could claim that God made a new spirit creature (i.e. Michael) and put wounds on his body for them to see, but that would be nothing more than deception.

As a side note, the Watchtower claims that Christ was killed on a "torture stake," not on a cross. They depict him with both his hands bound together at the wrists, held up by a single nail. However, the Bible points out that his hands has the print of the NAILS plural, not singular, which would make their depiction of Christ incorrect. (We'll go over this again in the last chapter.)

And said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day: And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. And ye are witnesses of these things.
-Luke 24:46-48

Hundreds of people were witness to Christ's resurrection, and the Bible says they were WITNESSES, meaning that they saw it themselves. By denying Christ's bodily resurrection from the dead, Jehovah's Witnesses are denying the witnesses of Christ's resurrection, and denying the Christian God of the Bible. The eye-witness accounts that are reconfirmed in the book of Acts:

He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption. This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses.
-Acts 2:31-32

In fact, the Bible specifically tells us that if Christ was not risen (as JWs believe) then the preaching of the Word of God is vain, our faith is meaningless because we would then be FALSE WITNESSES who would perish, and all those previously who have died with their faith in Christ has perished as well:

And if Christ be not risen, then is our preaching vain, and your faith is also vain. Yea, and we are found false witnesses of God; because we have testified of God that he raised up Christ: whom he raised not up, if so be that the dead rise not... And if Christ be not raised, your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins. Then they also which are fallen asleep in Christ are perished.
-1 Corinthians 15:14-18

There is no compromise or middle ground to take here. Either we believe in the Jesus Christ of the Bible who died and raised Himself from the dead to become the savior of men by demonstrating Himself to be God in the flesh who shed His own blood for the sins of mankind, or we don't. (JWs do not believe it.)

"So Michael the archangel is Jesus in his prehuman existence. After his resurrection and return to heaven, Jesus resumed his service as Michael, the chief angel, 'to the glory of God the Father.'"
-Watchtower Online Library, "Our Readers Ask... Is Jesus the Archangel Michael?" retrieved Apr 18, 2017, [wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/2010250#h=7]

In summary, the JW belief is that Michael was created, then God ended his existence to re-create Michael as a man called Jesus. Then when Jesus died, he re-created Michael to continue service as an angel. There is no one on the planet who would come to that conclusion by just reading Scripture alone, which means all this has come out of the creative mind of Joseph Rutherford. Don't be deceived when you hear a Jehovah's Witness say "I believe Jesus is the (a) Son of God," because they actually believe Jesus is a created angel, and they do NOT mean that Jesus Christ is God in His person like Christians do.

It's not difficult to figure out who Jesus Christ is just by reading Scripture, and one would not even become a Jehovah's Witness simply by reading the Bible (which is why JWs have to have people go door-to-door to try and convert Christians); however, for those JWs who want an excuse to believe what the Watchtower cult teaches, the contradictions against Scripture I've demonstrated here will never be enough proof for them to repent. I can only pray that what is written here might trouble a JW enough that perhaps, maybe years down the road, they will begin to consider these things and repent.

If there's one thing you should prepare yourselves for if you talk with JWs, they are trained by the Watchtower to make excuses and change the subject to try to escape from being nailed down by any Scriptural certainty. Don't allow them to change the subject; keep them on topic. The Lord Jesus Christ can save these JWs too, if they will repent (i.e. have godly sorrow and grief of wrongdoing) and believe on His saving grace alone, but there are very few who will find that narrow path.
(Read "Is Repentance Part of Salvation?" here at creationliberty.com for more details.)

Because strait is the gate, and narrow is the way, which leadeth unto life, and few there be that find it.
-Matthew 7:14


Before we begin this chapter, let's read what the Word of God says about salvation:

But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us, Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;) And hath raised us up together, and made us sit together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus: That in the ages to come he might shew the exceeding riches of his grace in his kindness toward us through Christ Jesus. For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Not of works, lest any man should boast. For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.
-Ephesians 2:4-10

Grace is something given that was not earned; meaning it is something you did not work for, but received as a gift out of kindess and love. I once listened to a former JW say that a woman she knew was kicked out of the organization for teaching that grace was by faith and not by works. If we do works to earn a place in heaven, then it is no longer grace, but a debt that is owed:

And if by grace, then is it no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if it be of works, then is it no more grace: otherwise work is no more work.
-Romans 11:6

Either the salvation of Christ is by grace, or it's by works, but it can't be both. The Bible clearly states that the salvation of Christ is by grace, which means it is NOT a work you do to earn, but Jehovah's Witnesses believe it is a work you must earn.

The Watchtower's official website says:
"To gain salvation, you must exercise faith in Jesus and demonstrate that faith by obeying his commands."
-Jehovah's Witnesses, "What Is Salvation?" retrieved Apr 18, 2017, [jw.org/en/bible-teachings/questions/what-is-salvation]

Thus, according to Jehovah's Witnesses, you cannot enter the Kingdom of God unless you do good works. In the same article, they also teach that Jesus Christ does NOT save anyone, but rather, they claim that God takes advantage of the "random sacrifice of Jesus Christ" to save people. (i.e. If it's random, then it is NOT planned; thus, they believe that the sacrifice of Christ was no different than someone slipping on a banana peel and finding a winning lottery ticket.)
(See Jehovah's Witnesses, "What Is Salvation?: Who is the SavioróGod or Jesus?" retrieved Apr 18, 2017, [jw.org/en/bible-teachings/questions/what-is-salvation])

JWs teach that you must do good works so that one day, God will declare you to be righteous:
"The great crowd is tested as to the people's integrity, their continued faithfulness. The final test will result in Jehovah declaring them righteous."
-Watchtower, Oct 15, 1985, p. 31; See also David A. Reed, Index of Watchtower Errors 1879 to 1989, Baker Books, 1990, ISBN: 9781585585878

The problem is that God has already judged mankind on this matter, and in His Word, He has already told us that NONE are righteous:

Who hath declared from the beginning, that we may know? and beforetime, that we may say, He is righteous? yea, there is none that sheweth, yea, there is none that declareth, yea, there is none that heareth your words.
-Isaiah 41:26

As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one: There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God. They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one.
-Romans 3:10-12

Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin.
-Romans 3:20

For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God; Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus: Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God; To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.
-Romans 3:24-26

The Watchtower denies this doctrine and teaches their cult members that you have to work to gain righteousness, and through that earned righteousness you also earn salvation:
"God has arranged for the 'good news of the kingdom' to be proclaimed so that each individual will have opportunity to work out his own salvation."
-Watch Tower Magazine, Feb 1, 1985, p. 5; See also David A. Reed, Index of Watchtower Errors 1879 to 1989, Baker Books, 1990, ISBN: 9781585585878

There is a verse in Philippians that mentions this phrase about working out your own salvation, but the contexts are completely different:

Wherefore, my beloved, as ye have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling. For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure.
-Philippians 2:12-13

In Philippians, there is nothing that mentions earning your salvation through works, but rather, it means that you're working as one who has salvation. However, that's not what the Watchtower means when they use that phrase because they're referring to working to EARN salvation, even though they have no set standard for how much work needs to be done in order to accomplish salvation.

JWs will commonly say they believe that one is saved by faith in Christ, but this is a deception because they actually mean that faith puts your name in the book of life, but then you have to do enough of the unknown amount of works to stay in the book, otherwise, you get kicked out:
"To get one's name written in that Book of Life will depend upon one's works."
-The Watchtower, Apr 1, 1947, p. 204; See also David A. Reed, Answering Jehovah's Witnesses: Subject by Subject, Baker Books, 1996, p. 208, ISBN: 9780801053177

The Watchtower's official website also states:
"'The book of life,' also called 'the scroll of life' or 'book of remembrance,' contains the names of people in line to receive the gift of everlasting life... God determines those names based on a person's faithful obedience to him."
-Jehovah's Witnesses, "Whose Names Are Written in 'the Book of Life'?" retrieved Apr 18, 2017, [jw.org/en/bible-teachings/questions/book-of-life]

The faithful JW must do good works their entire lives to or else God's "salvation" will no longer apply to them:
"Some suggest that belief in Jesus is the end of the matter... there are various things involved in getting saved. We must take in accurate knowledge of God's purposes and his way of salvation. Then we must exercise faith in the Chief Agent of salvation, Jesus Christ, and do God's will the rest of our lives."
-The Watchtower, Sept 15, 1993, p. 5-7; See also Robert M. Bowman, Jehovah's Witnesses: Issue 11 of Zondervan Guide to Cults & Religious Movements, Zondervan, 1995, p. 85, ISBN: 9780310704119

Please don't be deceived by misunderstanding what they mean by "God's will" in that statement; they actually mean the will of the Watchtower Society because they believe that the Watchtower's will is the same as God's will. They also believe that the works which must be done are those which are prescribed by the Watchtower Society, meaning that no person outside of the Watchtower Society can be saved.

JWs also quickly learn that there is almost no hope of them entering heaven to live with Christ; rather, they simply work really hard to live on the earth after they die. The Watchtower wrote a book called You Can Live Forever In Paradise On Earth, in which they tell people that only 144,000 will get into heaven (we'll cover more on that a little later), and the rest of those who have God's "salvation" will live on Earth under God's government, which is supposed to be "paradise."
(See Jehovah's Witnesses, You can Live Forever in Paradise on Earth, Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of New York, 1989, p. 126-127)

According to this Watchtower book, there are four things you must do in order to gain God's salvation, be declared "righteous," and live in "paradise." The first thing a JW must do is gain the "knowledge needed," or in other words, they must learn "the truth of God," which most people would take to mean studying the Bible, but when new members join the JW cult, they quickly realize this "knowledge needed" is gained by attending the five minimum mandatory one-hour meetings per week, with up to 30 hours of optional activies per week that a JW can choose to attend if they are really zealous.
(See Jehovah's Witnesses, You can Live Forever in Paradise on Earth, Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of New York, 1989, p. 127-128; See also Jerry Bergman, "Why Jehovah's Witnesses Have Mental Problems," Cult Awareness & Information Centre, retrieved Apr 18, 2017, [caic.org.au/jws/medical/mental.htm])

The Watchtower has made it clear that they are the light that all must people must come to and serve, or they will be rejected from God's kingdom. Jesus said:

Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.
-John 14:6

Yet, the Watchtower teaches JWs that no man comes unto the Father but by the Watchtower Society:
"And there will be only one organization--God's visible organization--that will survive the fast-approaching 'great tribulation'... You must be part of Jehvoah's organization, doing God's will [i.e. the will of the Watchtower], in order to receive his blessing of everlasting life."
-International Bible Students Association, You Can Live Forever in Paradise on Earth, Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of New York, 1982, p. 255

In other words, they teach that if you are not a JW, you can't have everlasting life:
"Jehovah is using only one organization today to accomplish his will. To receive everlasting life in the earthly Paradise we must identify that organization and serve God as part of it."
--Watchtower, Feb 15, 1983, p. 12

They believe you must be a Jehovah's Witness or you will perish:
"These apostates [i.e. they are referring to born-again Christians such as myself] 'have gone out from us because they were not of our sort.' Hence, they no longer have fellowship with loyal anointed witnesses of Jehovah and their companions, and therefore these self-seeking heretics have no 'sharing' with the Father and the Son, no matter how much they may boast of having intimacy with God and Christ. Instead, they are in spiritual darkness."
--Watchtower, Apr 1, 1983, p. 24

JWs know that if you want to get into the earthly paradise, you have to go to meetings. Alan Miller, former Jehovah's Witness that grew up in a JW family, talks about the way the Watchtower teaches the importance of their regularly scheduled meetings:
"The weekly five hours of meetings were referred to as the five fingers on your hand. All five were important. Just as you wouldnít want to have less than five fingers, a good Witness would not want to try to get away with just four or less hours of these meetings every week."
-Alan Miller, "Fade From the Truth: A Tale of Learning then Unlearning the Beliefs of Jehovahís Witnesses," Barbara Anderson's Watchtower Documents, retrieved Apr 18, 2017, [watchtowerdocuments.org/alan-miller-shares-his-story]

The "knowledge needed" also has to be gained by reading Jehovah's Witness literature. The Watchtower makes it very clear to its readers that their literature is vital to their salvation:
"But Jehovah God has also provided his visible organization, [i.e. The Watchtower] his visible and discreet slave made up of spirit-anointed ones, to help Christians [i.e. Jehovah's Witnesses] in all nations to understand and apply properly the Bible in their lives. Unless we are in touch with this channel of communication that God is using, [i.e. Watchtower literature] we will never progress along the road to life, no matter how much Bible reading we do."
-Watchtower, December 1, 1981, p. 27

This means that JWs believe you can study the Bible all you want, but you can never find the truth, the way, and the life through the Word of God alone. The Watchtower teaches JWs there is no good fruit that comes from studying the Word of God alone, and that you must use their matierals to find the truth:
"To turn away from Jehovah and his organization [i.e. the Watchtower], to spurn the direction of 'the faithful and discreet slave,' and to rely simply on personal Bible reading and interpretation is to become like a solitary tree in a parched land."
-Watchtower, June 1, 1985, p. 20

We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts: Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation.
-2 Peter 1:19-20

But the anointing which ye have received of him abideth in you, and ye need not that any man teach you: but as the same anointing teacheth you of all things, and is truth, and is no lie, and even as it hath taught you, ye shall abide in him.
-1 John 2:27

After getting the "knowledge needed," the second thing you have to do is be baptized; JWs do not teach that baptism is simply a commandment for Christians, but rather, they teach it is a work that must be done to gain salvation. They also do not baptize people in the name of the Holy Spirit; they baptize in the name of the "spirit-filled organization," or simply put, they baptize in the name of the Watchtower Society.
-Jehovah's Witnesses, You can Live Forever in Paradise on Earth, Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of New York, 1989, p. 251-252

The third thing JWs teach you need to gain salvation and enter God's kingdom is "righteous conduct," or in other words, you have to do good works to get in. You have to obey and keep ALL of God's commandments (which the Bible has already told us that men cannot acheive), and that includes all Watchtower commendments, which means that attending the weekly meetings is considered "righteous conduct."
(See Jehovah's Witnesses, You can Live Forever in Paradise on Earth, Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of New York, 1989, p. 129-132)

The fourth point of requirement to gain salvation and enter God's kingdom is to demonstrate "loyalty to God's government," and this is accomplished by going door-to-door to pass out Watchtower literature and convince others to join the JWs.
"Subjects of God's government must tell others about it."
-Jehovah's Witnesses, You can Live Forever in Paradise on Earth, Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of New York, 1989, p. 133

If a man was in a hospital, rapidly dying of an illness, and he had with a repentant heart asked a JW to tell him how he could be saved, the JW would have to tell him he has to do four things:
  1. He must study the Watchtower-approved bible versions and attend their weekly meetings.
  2. He must be baptized in a location that is Watchtower-approved, and he must be baptized in the name of the Watchtower.
  3. He must keep all the commandments of God written in the law, and keep all the Watchtower Society's commandments as well.
  4. He must tell others about Jehovah's Witnesses and pass out their literature every week.
If he does not do these things, he cannot gain salvation from God, and will not be admitted to "Jehovah's Kingdom." Even if a dying man had a repentant heart and was ready to believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, a faithful Jehovah's Witness must tell him it is impossible and condemn him to eternal punishment.

I give praise to the Christian God of Bible that he is nothing like the false god of the JWs:

Who hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began,
-2 Timothy 1:9

As we just read, JWs are looking to get into "paradise," but not heaven. This is because JWs teach that heaven is reserved for only 144,000 people, and this is based on a false interpretation of Revelation 7:

And I heard the number of them which were sealed: and there were sealed an hundred and forty and four thousand of all the tribes of the children of Israel.
-Revelation 7:4

If you simply read the Bible for what it says, this is talking about a number of people sealed that are among the tribes of the children of Israel. The JWs are not among the tribes of the children of Israel. These verses have nothing to do with how many people are going to heaven, but as we've already seen, it is commonplace for the Watchtower to create doctrines by cherry-picking verses out of their context.

The Watchtower Online Libarary says:
"In the Bible, the phrase 'those who were sealed' refers to a group of individuals who are chosen from among mankind to rule with Christ in heaven over the coming Paradise earth."
-Watchtower Online Library, "Why do Jehovahís Witnesses take the number 144,000 mentioned in the book of Revelation literally and not symbolically?" retrieved Apr 19, 2017, [wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/2004647]

The Bible does not say this anywhere whatsoever. In attempt to back up that claim, JWs will go to 2 Corinthians 1:

Now he which stablisheth us with you in Christ, and hath anointed us, is God; Who hath also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.
-2 Corinthians 1:21-22

So we can see what JWs have done; they took the word "sealed" in two places, and just assumed they're talking about the same thing. What they missed is that in Revelation 7:4, it's talking about the Jews, but in 2 Corinthians 1, Paul's talking to the Gentiles in Corinth, so the only way they can confuse the context of these is by WILLINGLY ignoring the context. If you go back and read 2 Corinthians 1, you'll notice that it does not mention anything about the last days like Revelation 7 does.

So because JWs believe only 144,000 are going to heaven, most are simply trying to earn their way into "paradise," which they believe will be an earthly existence under God's direct governing rule. However, JWs have no idea who is among the 144,000, and they also have no idea how much work must be done to gain enough salvation just to get into the earthly "paradise" kingdom.

To give an example of how fervently JWs believe this, I listened to the testimony of an ex-JW who talked about a mother and teenage daughter discussing the paradise vs heaven issue in their congregation. The mother had claimed she had a revelation that said she was going to be one of the 144,000 who would rule in heaven, and the daughter was angry with the god of the JWs because she would be separated from her mother for all eternity.

Hopefully, readers can begin to see why Jehovah's Witnesses experience so much burden and stress in their lives. When one believes he must do an enormous amount of work to get into "paradise," never knowing how much work is enough to earn a ticket, and the hopelessness of knowing it would be next to impossible to do enough work to be in the 144,000 (or not knowing if all the 144,000 slots have already been reserved), it creates a burden of dispair that results in JWs suffering an extraordinary amount of depression and anxiety. (This is quite common amongst JW households; we'll cover more on that later.)

The Watchtower teaches that all must come unto the Jehovah's Witnesses to gain salvation:
"And while now the witness yet includes the invitation to come to Jehovah's organization for salvation, the time no doubt will come when the messages takes on a harder note, like a 'great war cry.'"
-Watchtower, Nov 15, 1981, p. 21; See also Edmond C. Gruss, The Four Presidents of the Watch Tower Society, Xulon Press, 2003, p. 60, ISBN: 9781594671319

"That organization still exists, and of it a longtime Witness of Jehovah said: 'If one thing has been most important to me, it has been the matter of keeping close to Jehovah's visible organization [i.e. the Watchtower]... How else can one get Jehovah's favor and blessing?' There is nowhere else to go for divine favor and life eternal."
-Watchtower, Nov 15, 1992, p. 21

Notice that they did not tell people to come to the Lord Jesus Christ for salvation, but they have replaced Him with their own organization; meaning that they believe the JW cult is the salvation of mankind. The Watchtower puts their hard yoke and heavy burden on their members, but remember that Jesus Christ tells us:

Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls. For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light.
-Matthew 11:28-30


The title to this section is a play-on-words in reference to the wicked movie series Star Wars, and that's because Jehovah's Witnesses actually believe that the Holy Spirit/Holy Ghost is just an non-living "force" or "energy," which is not much different than fictional story "Luke Skywalker" and the "Jedi Knights," and it's very similar to what gnostics believe. (The concept of the "force" in Star Wars came from gnosticism.) In short, JWs do not believe that the Holy Spirit is God, which means they also do not believe that God has revealed Himself in Three Persons.
(Read "Video Games: Causing Witchcraft to Prosper" here at creationliberty.com for more details on gnosticism.)

And when they bring you unto the synagogues, and unto magistrates, and powers, take ye no thought how or what thing ye shall answer, or what ye shall say: For the Holy Ghost shall teach you in the same hour what ye ought to say.
-Luke 12:11-12

When reading this out of Luke, we can see that the Holy Ghost is teaching things, which is not possible for inanimate (non-living) objects or forces. We can observe things from inanimate objects, but that observation is based on information that's been handed down by living beings, and on top of that, the Holy Spirit is invisible to the naked eye. JW believe that the Holy Spirit is a force like wind or gravity, but those things do not teach. In order for the Holy Spirit to teach, it must be a living being, and that being is the Christian God of the Bible.

JWs have long taught that the Holy Spirit is an "active force" of God, but not God Himself:
"Satan is the originator of the trinity doctrine."
-Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society, Let God Be True, 1952, p. 101; See also 2012 edition, Literary Licensing LLC, ISBN: 9781258314736

In our article "Is The Trinity a Biblical Doctrine?" I point out that the "Trinity" is a pagan concept, but "God in Three Persons" is Biblical, and I talked about the difference between those two, so I highly suggest readers take a look at that teaching to get more details. It's important to understand this because JWs believe the trinity comes from pagan origins, and they are correct on that point, but they deny the Biblical doctrine of God in Three Persons.

Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation. For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.
-2 Peter 1:20-21

The prophets of the Old Testament spoke as the Holy Spirit instructed them, and the Old Testament tells us it is the Lord God that spoke to them:

Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth: for the LORD hath spoken...
-Isaiah 1:2

To whom the word of the LORD came in the days of Josiah...
-Jeremiah 1:2

The word of the LORD that came unto Hosea...
-Hosea 1:1

The word of the LORD that came to Joel the son of Pethuel.
-Joel 1:1

Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Damascus...
-Amos 1:3

It was the Holy Spirit that spoke to the Old Testament prophets, and it was God the Father that spoke to the Old Testament prophets. The two are used interchangably; this is because the Holy Spirit and God the Father are one.

And yet, the JW official website says:
"The holy spirit is God's power in action, his active force... The holy spirit is not a person."
-Jehovah's Witnesses, "What Is the Holy Spirit?" Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, retrieved May 25, 2017, [jw.org/en/bible-teachings/questions/what-is-the-holy-spirit]

"So the holy spirit is the invisible active force of Almighty God which moves His servants to do His will..."
-Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society, Let God Be True, 1952, p. 108; See also 2012 edition, Literary Licensing LLC, ISBN: 9781258314736

"It is the impersonal, invisible active force that finds its source and reservoir in Jehovah God and that he uses to accomplish His will even at great distances, over light-years of space..."
-Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society, Let Your Name be Sanctified, 1961, p. 269

Although we saw in Luke that "Holy Spirit" is in capital letters, which puts a proper noun of diety into the name, JWs always use lower-case letters when writing out "holy spirit" or "holy ghost" because of their removal of Godhood from the Spirit. JWs believe that on the Day of Pentecost in Acts 2, the apostles were filled with an "active force" that they could use at will.
Demotivational Poster Jehovah Witness

Although I'm depicting a humorous side to this matter, I also want to emphasize the dangers of this doctrine. There is one thing in the New Testament dispensation that the Lord God has told us is unforgivable, and that is to blaspheme against the Holy Spirit:

Wherefore I say unto you, All manner of sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven unto men: but the blasphemy against the Holy Ghost shall not be forgiven unto men. And whosoever speaketh a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him: but whosoever speaketh against the Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world, neither in the world to come.
-Matthew 12:31-32

blaspheme (v): to revile or speak reproachfully [charge with fault]; to speak evil of or falsely accuse
(See 'blaspheme', American Dictionary of the English Language, Noah Webster, 1828, retrieved June 27, 2017 [webstersdictionary1828.com])

In Matthew 12, Jesus tells them this after speaking about casting out devils, because they falsely accused Him to be the prince of devils. When the Watchtower claims the Holy Spirit is born out of Satan, this could very easily be considered blaspheme. I don't know how the Lord God judges those matters, because I know many JWs are deceived, but if you are an active Jehovah's Witness and you are reading this, I urge you to be careful of what you say on this topic because God takes this matter of the Holy Spirit very seriously.

Can the wind love people? Can gravity love people? These questions are not typically asked because they are nonsensical, meaning that everyone knows not to ask questions like that about inanimate objects or forces, and yet, JWs must believe it anyway because they believe an inanimate force has the following types of qualities:

But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith,
-Galatians 5:22

A force, like wind or gravity, does not grieve:

And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.
-Ephesians 4:30

A force, like wind or gravity, is not blasphemed:

But he that shall blaspheme against the Holy Ghost hath never forgiveness, but is in danger of eternal damnation:
-Mark 3:29

A force, like wind or gravity, does not give gifts:

He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God.
Revelation 2:7

A force, like wind or gravity, does not speak at all, let alone in the first person:

And when they agreed not among themselves, they departed, after that Paul had spoken one word, Well spake the Holy Ghost by Esaias the prophet unto our fathers, Saying, Go unto this people... lest they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them.
-Acts 28:25-27

A force, like wind or gravity, does not call out ministers:

As they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them.
-Acts 13:2

A force, like wind or gravity, cannot detect lies:

But Peter said, Ananias, why hath Satan filled thine heart to lie to the Holy Ghost, and to keep back part of the price of the land?
-Acts 5:3

On the JW official website, they give some of their "proof" verses in attempt to back up the claim that "the Bible shows that the holy spirit is not a person." The problem is that the explanation is based on a presupposition, or in other words, they create a belief in something that is not in Scripture, and then apply it to Scripture. What they believe is that the Holy Spirit is nothing more than an inanimate "wind" that is guided by God, and they give Exodus 15:8 & 15:10 as their evidence.
(See Jehovah's Witnesses, "What Is the Holy Spirit?" Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, retrieved May 25, 2017, [jw.org/en/bible-teachings/questions/what-is-the-holy-spirit])

And with the blast of thy nostrils the waters were gathered together, the floods stood upright as an heap, and the depths were congealed in the heart of the sea.
-Exodus 15:8

Thou didst blow with thy wind, the sea covered them: they sank as lead in the mighty waters.
-Exodus 15:10

It is quite obvious these are metaphorical descriptions of God's actions during the events that took place at the parting of the Red Sea. In no way is this describing the physical attributes or essence of the Holy Spirit, and there is no context to back that up, which supports the point I've made many times before in other teachings: cults are typically started when someone takes Scripture out of its context.

JWs think the "breath of God" is not God Himself; yet, when you ask them who made mankind, they will tell you it was Jehovah God, as their corrupt New World Translation says in Gen 5:
"This is the book of Adamís history. In the day that God created Adam, he made him in the likeness of God."
-Jehovah's Witnesses, "Genesis 5:1-32," Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, retrieved May 25, 2017, [jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/genesis/5/#v1005001]

However, in Job, it says the Spirit of God made man, and it says that His breath gave us life:

The Spirit of God hath made me, and the breath of the Almighty hath given me life.
-Job 33:4

JWs would then have to believe that we got life from something that is not alive; very similar to evolutionists who believe life came from non-living material. It is very difficult to hold the position that the Holy Spirit is nothing more than "inactive force," and still believe that this "inactive force" created mankind and gave him life.
(Read "The Incredible Edible DNA: Has Life Been Created in the Laboratory?" here at creationliberty.com for more details.)

The JW website goes on to say:
The Bible also compares Godís spirit to water and associates it with such things as faith and knowledge. These comparisons all point to the impersonal nature of the holy spirit.
-Jehovah's Witnesses, "What Is the Holy Spirit?" Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, retrieved May 25, 2017, [jw.org/en/bible-teachings/questions/what-is-the-holy-spirit]

They use Isaiah 44:3 as their evidence:

For I will pour water upon him that is thirsty, and floods upon the dry ground: I will pour my spirit upon thy seed, and my blessing upon thine offspring:
-Isaiah 44:3

Again, this is another metaphor that the JWs have taken literally. This is not a "comparison" as they claim it to be, but a metaphor for plants growing in dry places (i.e. the children of God growing in a place surrounded by pagan idolatry), as God continues to point out in verse 4:

And they shall spring up as among the grass, as willows by the water courses.
-Isaiah 44:4

If this passage is a comparison, then the "seeds" of Jacob are literally willow trees and grass, and the children of Israel are actual plants. That's obviously absurd, but cultists will believe anything if you tell it to them often enough.

The JW website goes on to attack the King James Bible because they know what that book says is a threat to their beliefs, and anything in the KJB that points to God the Father and the Holy Spirit being one are rejected as "not part of Scripture" according to them, but I want to focus emphasis on the hypocrisy of the arguments they're using. We just read from the JW website where they use comparisons between the Holy Spirt and "impersonal nature," and thus, they conclude that the Holy Spirit is impersonal due to those comparisons, but later in their article, they criticize others for doing the same thing with comparisons of the Holy Spirit being a person:
"The Scriptures do at times personify the holy spirit, but this does not prove that the holy spirit is a person."
-Jehovah's Witnesses, "What Is the Holy Spirit?" Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, retrieved May 25, 2017, [jw.org/en/bible-teachings/questions/what-is-the-holy-spirit]

Just a moment ago, we read the Watchtower make the argument that "These [impersonal] comparisons all point to the impersonal nature of the holy spirit," meaning that they believe impersonal examples prove an impersonal nature, but turn around and say that personal examples don't prove a personal nature. This is pure hypocrisy based on a presupposition; or in other words, because they presuppose the Holy Spirit is not personal, therefore, even if the Bible says the Holy Spirit is personal, they refuse to believe it. The Watchtower is full of hypocrites because they use a particular argument that would work in their favor, but then condemn others for using that same argument when it goes against their presuppositional beliefs.

The reason the JW's impersonal argument is not logical, and the Christian's personal argument is logical, is because the Christians are using the context to define Scripture, whereas JWs are taking verses out of their context. If examples of personage do not prove a personal nature, then JWs could not say God is personal and living either, because they're relying on personal examples in Scripture to prove that He is the Living God.

Just as they've done with salvation, JWs have to do mental gymnastics to try to get the Bible to say what they want it to say about the Holy Spirit, rather than taking God's Word for what it says. This is a tradition they have long held, and it was a tradition given to them by the false prophets who founded their cult.


The Watchtower Online Library publishes a book called Insight on the Scriptures in which they define the signs of a true prophet of God:
"The three essentials for establishing the credentials of a true prophet, as given through Moses, were: The true prophet would speak in Jehovah's name; the things foretold would come to pass (Deut. 18:20-22); and his prophesying must promote true worship, being in harmony with Godís revealed word and commandments (De 13:1-4)."
-Insight On The Scriptures, Vol. 2, 1988, p. 696; See also Watchtower Online Library, "Prophet," Insight, Vol. 2, retrieved Apr 14, 2017, [wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1200003562]

The Watchtower teaches that a prophet must claim to be of God, their prophesying must be in harmony with the Bible, and the prophesies must come to pass. If any one of these things is not true, then that prophet is false, and his prophecy did not come from God; it came from the Devil.

The reason we must conclude that false prophecies come from the Devil is because the prophecy that does not come to pass is a LIE, which makes the prophet a LIAR. JWs often like to respond to the accusation of false prophecy by saying, "People make mistakes," but predicting future events is prophetic in that it claims to present a vision or message from God directly to an individual, and so that individual bears the responsibility of representing the perfections of the Lord God and His Word. The Bible tells us God cannot lie, which means it is not possible that He would have delivered a lie unto the false prophet, and that the Devil is the father of lies, so only Satan and his fallen angels would be behind a false prophecy:

In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began;
-Titus 1:2

Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.
-John 8:44

In the above quotation from the Watchtower, two verse references were given. Let's read the those verses to get a better understand of the seriousness with which God handles false prophets:

But the prophet, which shall presume to speak a word in my name, which I have not commanded him to speak, or that shall speak in the name of other gods, even that prophet shall die. And if thou say in thine heart, How shall we know the word which the LORD hath not spoken? When a prophet speaketh in the name of the LORD, if the thing follow not, nor come to pass, that is the thing which the LORD hath not spoken, but the prophet hath spoken it presumptuously [i.e. arrogantly, in bold defiance of God]: thou shalt not be afraid of him.
-Deuteronomy 18:20-22

If there arise among you a prophet, or a dreamer of dreams, and giveth thee a sign or a wonder, And the sign or the wonder come to pass, whereof he spake unto thee, saying, Let us go after other gods, which thou hast not known, and let us serve them; Thou shalt not hearken unto the words of that prophet, or that dreamer of dreams: for the LORD your God proveth you, to know whether ye love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul. Ye shall walk after the LORD your God, and fear him, and keep his commandments, and obey his voice, and ye shall serve him, and cleave unto him.
-Deuteronomy 13:1-4

I would like to emphasize, especially to Jehovah's Witnesses (if by some miracle one would read this), that the Watchtower teaches you are not to follow after anyone who gives prophecy that does not come to pass, and you are not to follow after any prophet that takes you away from the Word of God. Also, I would point out that the Lord Jesus Christ clearly told us:

But of that day and hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels of heaven, but my Father only.
-Matthew 24:36

People like William Miller and Charles Russell claimed to know the day that Christ said no man knows, or at least, they claimed to know the last day it could possibly be. Certainly, a man can claim to have the knowledge only God knows if God gives him knowledge of that time, but if he predicts the time, and it doesn't come true, then that prophet is of the Devil.

In the above section, "The Origins of Jehovah's Witnesses," we briefly mentioned some of the Jehovah's Witnesses false prophecies (which they take great pains to hide from their members), first with the Millerites, then with the Russiltes, and the JWs would continue this tradition throughout most of the 20th century. Let's go back through history and look at the details of all the end-time prophecies that were made, and see how many came to pass.

We'll start with William Miller because this is where Jehovah's Witnesses eventually stemmed from, and he first declared that Christ's second coming would happen in 1843. This was based on his private interpretation (2Pe 1:20) of Daniel 8:

And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.
-Daniel 8:14

Miller interpreted "sanctuary" to mean "the world," and 2,300 days to be 2,300 years. He started the count in 457 B.C., which was the decree of Xerxes to rebuild the temple in Jerusalem, and so 2,300 - 457 = 1843. Miller submitted this teaching to some baptist publications in 1832, and then he started getting a flood of inquiry and support, but many of them were asking him for a month/day, which Miller refused to give; he simply said Christ's second coming would happen somewhere between March 21, 1843, and March 21, 1844.
(Image is the original Millerite chart; click for a larger view.)

March 21, 1844 came and went, and no second coming of Jesus was witnessed. Miller went back to his calculations and came up with a new theory, and he told everyone that he did not accounted for a "tarrying time," which is in reference to Matthew 25:

Then shall the kingdom of heaven be likened unto ten virgins, which took their lamps, and went forth to meet the bridegroom. And five of them were wise, and five were foolish. They that were foolish took their lamps, and took no oil with them: But the wise took oil in their vessels with their lamps. While the bridegroom tarried, they all slumbered and slept.
-Matthew 25:1-5

Thus, he said there would be a time of tarrying, and that Jesus was coming back on October 22, 1844, which renewed the faith of his followers. As you can probably figure out on your own, October 22, 1844 came and went; Christ did not return, and no one was raptured. Adventist followers of Miller were devestated, and today, 1844 is known historically known as "The Great Disappointment," and the faithful followers of the "Jesus-is-coming-back-at-any-moment" movement desperately searched for another prophecy to replace the old one. (i.e. They refuse to repent and admit they rejected the Christian God of the Bible with false prophecy, so they keep up the facade.)

The Pre-Tribulation Cultists Are No Different

It's important to understand why these people cling so tightly to a failed religion because, for us, it doesn't make sense for someone to stay in a cult that has proven to be led by false prophets. We Christians know "The Gospel" to mean the shed blood of the Lord Jesus Christ to be the salvation of sinners who repent (i.e. grief and godly sorrow for wrongdoing) and believe in His resurrection; however, those who follow after the traditions of the Millerites believe "The Gospel" means "Jesus is coming back at any moment," so according to their view, to reject the anticipation of Christ's arrival being "just around the corner," is to reject "The Gospel."

Sadly, most church building in America today have taken after these types of movements, not in specific dates since all of them have failed, but in believing that Christ will return at any moment. Most of these cultic sects are still operating in the U.S. today, but many of them are beginning to shy away from giving specific dates/times for His arrival. This false belief of "Jesus is coming back at any moment" had existed even in the days of Christ's disciples, which is why Paul rebuked them:

Now we beseech you, brethren, by the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, and by our gathering together unto him, That ye be not soon shaken in mind, or be troubled, neither by spirit, nor by word, nor by letter as from us, as that the day of Christ is at hand. [i.e. don't get excited as if Christ is returning at any moment] Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition; [i.e. the final antichrist] Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God. Remember ye not, that, when I was yet with you, I told you these things?
-2 Thessalonians 2:1-5

This not only rebukes the Millerites, Russelites, Jehovah's Witnesses, and any other flavor in between, but it also rebukes the "Pre-Tribulation" false doctrine that's only been around since the 19th century. The attitude I have seen in many church buildings and online teachers is that if you don't believe in Pre-Trib, then you're not a Christian, and that's because their faith is founded in Pre-Trib doctrine. I've had people write me on the subject and say these things in no uncertain terms because, in their eyes, Pre-Trib is the gospel first and foremost and if you don't believe in it, you can't be of Christ. If you don't know much about the unbiblical fallacies of Pre-Trib, and the history of how it got into American church buildings, I would highly recommend reading our teaching "The Beginner's Guide to Tribulation and Rapture" here at creationliberty.com for more details.

The "Jesus is coming" Adventist/Millerite/Russellite/Jehovah's Witnesses and the modern-day Pre-Tribbers are no different in their attitudes and their doctrines, and all of them were rebuked in 2 Thessalonians 2. It's sad that so many of them get more wrapped up in the excitement they get when thinking about their new-age false god coming to get them in a secret pre-tribulation rapture (which is not talked about anywhere in Scripture) and take them to a warm and fluffy place where they won't have to suffer any persecution, rather than studying the Word of God to find out what He teaches us.

Yea, and all that will live godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution.
-2 Timothy 3:12

So after 1844, there are many dates that were prophesied in the 19th century by various sects across Adventism; so many that I will not be going over the details of each one. There was an individual prophecy for the years 1850, 1852, 1853, 1854, 1855, 1862, 1864, 1865, 1867, 1868, 1869, 1870, 1874, 1875, 1877, 1880, 1883, 1889, 1890, 1891, 1898, and 1899; and as you can guess, all of them failed.

These Millerism/Adventist organizations printed magazines (just like the Watchtower) to get their ideas out to the public, and most cults today have taken after this 19th century tradition of publishing magazines. I'm not saying every magazine is a cult, but I'm saying it's a common theme for cultists. In the 19th century, there was The Age to Come, Herald of the Coming Kingdom and Age to Come, Herald of the Morning, Advent Herald, Messiah's Herald, The Saints' Herald, Herald of the Coming One, The Bible Standard and Herald of Christ's Kingdom, The Herald of Christ's Kingdom, The Bible Examiner, The Present Truth, The Present Truth and Herald of Christ's Kingdom, and Zion's Watchtower and Herald of Christ's Kingdom, just to name a few, and some of these are still in publication today.

The date that I want to focus in on for the context of Jehovah's Witnesses is 1874, which was the prediction of the aforementioned Nelson Barbour, who later worked with Charles Russell (one of the founders of Jehovah's Witnesses) to get his ideas out through the Herald of the Morning magazine. While Miller claimed the "tarrying time" (after his failed 1843 date) would only be about six months (i.e. from March 21, 1844 to October 22, 1844), Barbour claimed the "tarrying time" would be 30 years, and so he predicted Christ's return in 1873, but that obviously failed, so he pushed it back (just like Miller did) to 1874.

Russell didn't meet Barbour until 1876 (after Barbour's prophecy failed), but at the time, Barbour was teaching a 3.5 year "harvest time," in addition to the "tarrying time," and so he claimed the "Bride of Christ" would not be translated into heaven until 1878, and that Christ did return in 1874, but he was invisible. Barbour also taught that the "Gentile Times" would be over in 1914, and Russell jumped on board by selling his retail clothing chain for a very large sum and investing into the magazine.

Nelson Barbour, now financially backed by Charles Russell, published the following in reference to the 1878 prediction:
"THE END OF THIS WORLD; that is, the end of the gospel, and the beginning of the millennial age is nearer than most men suppose; indeed we have already entered the transition period [i.e. 3.5 years], which is to be a 'time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation'"
-Nelson H. Barbour, The Three Worlds, Рипол Классик [Ripol Classic Publishing], 1877, p. 17, ISBN: 9785880807628

As you can probably guess, 1878 came and went, and nothing happened. After 1878, Barbour and Russell split apart because Russell came up with a new date; he believed the bride would be translated in 1881. Of course, this didn't happen either, so Russell changed his initial prophecy and claimed 1881 was "the general call to this joint-heirship with our Redeemer as members of the New Creation of God" and that mysterious "call" ceased in 1881.
(See Charles T. Russell, Studies in the Scriptures, Watch Tower Bible & Tract Society, 1911, p. 95, [University of Virginia])

However, Russell stuck to Barbour's original story that the 'Incognito Jesus' was already on earth, but couldn't be seen, as he reiterated in his writings. The follow quotes are taken from Studies in the Scriptures, which was originally called The Plan of the Ages and The Divine Plan of the Ages, which Russell authored in 1886:
"If, then, the seventh thousand-year period of earth's history be an epoch [i.e. time period] specially noted as the period of Christ's reign, we shall by showing that it began in 1873, be proving that we are already in it."
-Charles T. Russell, Studies in the Scriptures, International Bible Students Association, Vol. 2, 1914, p. 40, [Pennsylvania State University]

In case you didn't understand; Russell claimed that we have been in the millennial (thousand-year) reign of Christ since 1873. In another volume, he says Christ (i.e. Incognito Jesus) has been present since 1874, that he was formaly given kingship over the world in 1878, and that Christ was in the process of gathering the Christians:
"But now we are in the end of this Gospel age, and the Kingdom is being established or set up. Our Lord, the appointed King, is now present, since October 1874, A. D., according to the testimony of the prophets, to those who have ears to hear it: and the formal inauguration of his kingly office dates from April 1878, A. D.: and the first work of the Kingdom, as shown by our Lord, in his parables and prophecy (the gather of 'his elect'), is now in progress."
-Charles T. Russell, Studies in the Scriptures, International Bible Students Association, Vol. 4, 1913, p. 621, [University of California]

I'd like to point out that if this were true, then the JW's 'Incognito Jesus' must be asleep on the job because soon after, World War I broke out, and then later, World War II. JWs still believe Jesus is on earth invisibly today, and our world is getting worse all the time, so the 'JW Incognito Jesus' is either stupid or doesn't care, but this is all despite the fact that Russell's prophecy stated that all government institutions were supposed to be shut down before 1915:
"True, it is expecting great things to claim, as we do, that within the coming twenty-six years [i.e. by the end of 1914] all present governments will be overthrown and dissolved; but we are living in a special and peculiar time, the 'Day of Jehovah,' in which matters culminate quickly; and it is written, 'A short work will the Lord make upon the earth.'"
-Charles T. Russell, Studies in the Scriptures, International Bible Students Association, Vol. 2, 1914, p. 98-99, [Pennsylvania State University]

All the dates from Russell and Barbour had been thus far exhausted, so everyone was now waiting for the final date they taught for the end of the world, which was 1914. Of coruse, 1914 came and went, and nothing happened. If you've been paying attention to the pattern, you'll know what's coming next: Russell pushed back the date to 1915, and after that failed, he died in 1916, but the cultists still cling to their "Gospel message" is that "Jesus is coming," and they have to find a way to make that true, so Joseph Rutherford, appointed to take Russell's place, picked up the torch and made more predictions to satisfy the lust of the Russelites.

In 1918, Rutherford wrote a book called Millions Now Living Will Never Die, and said the end would be in 1925:
"As we have heretofore stated, the great jubilee cycle is due to begin in 1925. At that time the earthly phase of the kingdom shall be recognized... Therefore we may confidently expect that 1925 will mark the return of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and the faithful prophets of old, particularly those named by the Apostle in Hebrews 11, to the condition of human perfection,"
-Joseph F. Rutherford, Millions Now Living Will Never Die!, Lulu.com, 2005, p. 89-90, ISBN: 9781411628984

(Click image for larger view.)

As any Christian reader may expect, there are very serious doctrinal problems in Rutherford's book. For example, on page 94, Rutherford states that Jesus Christ died for the sins of all mankind, but on the very next page, he limits the people who can be saved only to those who hear the message of it in the final days (i.e. in 1925):
"It would be impossible for the human race, therefore, to accept the gift of life everlasting before it is offered. It will be offered only in God's due time and the divine plan shows that his due time is after the seed of promise is developed, after the kingdom is set up [i.e. 1925]; and then each one in his order will be brought to a knowledge of the fact that a plan of redemption exists and that the way is open for him to accept the terms of it and live."
-Joseph F. Rutherford, Millions Now Living Will Never Die, International Bible Students Association, 1920, p. 95-96, ISBN: 9785877875838

Getting back to the false prophecies; a 1922 issue of the Watch Tower said that the 1925 prophecy was better than the 1914 prophecy:
"The physical facts show beyond question of a doubt that 1914 ended the Gentile times; and as the Lord foretold, the old order is being destroyed by war, famine, pestilence, and revolution. The date 1925 is even more distinctly indicated by the Scriptures because it is fixed by the law God gave to Israel."
-Watch Tower, "Europe a Boiling Cauldron," Sept 1, 1922, p. 262
Click image for larger view.

I would like to point out the obvious fact that there is almost no one left alive today who originally read this in 1918. I'm being generous with this statement because you would be hard pressed to find one Jehovah's Witness alive today who was born before 1925, which means either they are dwindling fast or already depleted, and that means "Millions Now Living HAVE Died," which clearly shows that Rutherford was a false prophet, just like his predecessors: Russel, Barbour, and Miller.

Rutherford gave another prophecy to his followers that Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob were coming back to reign on earth. Although that's absurd because the Bible never mentions anything like that, they took it very seriously; so seriously that they had a mansion built to house the three of them (and other Biblical figures) when they were falsely prophesied to return in 1925.

The mansion is called "Beth-Sarim," which is Hebrew for "House of Princes," although offical JW and Watchtower publications today will claim it was constructed as a winter home for Rutherford due to his health complications. It is true that Rutherford had health complications and that he lived there during the winters, they are once again hiding the embarrassement of false prophecy by simply claiming it was built for Rutherford's comfort. The following image is a photocopy from Rutherford's magazine, The Golden Age, in which he documented what is written in the deed to the house:
(Click image for larger view.)
"Both the grantor and the grantee, the said JOSEPH F. RUTHERFORD are fully persuaded from the Bible testimony which is the Word of Jehovah God and from extraneous evidence that God's kingdom is now in the course of establishment and that it will result beneficially for the peoples of earth; that the governing power and authority will be invisible to men but that the kingdom of God will have visible representatives on the earth who will have charge of the affairs of the nations under supervision of the invisible ruler Christ; that among those who will be thus the faithful representatives and visible governors of the world will be David, who was once King over Israel; and Gideon, and Barak, and Samson, and Jepthae, and Joseph, formerly ruler of Egypt, and Samuel the prophet and other faithful men named with approval in the Bible at Hebrews the eleventh chapter. The condition herein is that the said WATCH TOWER BIBLE AND TRACT SOCIETY shall hold said title perpetually in trust for the use of any or all of the men above named as representatives of God's kingdom on earth and that such men shall have possession and use of said property hereinabove described as they may deem for the best interest for the work in which they are engaged... Any persons appearing to take possession of said premises shall first prove and identify themselves to the proper officers of said Society as the person or persons described in Hebrews chapter eleven and in this deed."
-The Golden Age, Mar 19, 1930, p. 406-407

By Hebrews 11, he means Abraham, Issac, and Jacob. In reality, Rutherford was living in the top brackets of luxury from the profits of his books and magazines, and the "prophecy" was a convenient excuse for him to buy the mansion and live in it.

The New York Times published an article talking about the Ruthorford's 1925 prophecy:
"'If Moses was to descend upon the earth today he could very probably solve most of the distressing problems of the day, but I have no the slightest doubt but that Moses would be clapped into jail, just as we were.' said Alexander Hugh MacMillan, at the closing session of the convention of the International Bible Students' Association [i.e. Millerite/Russelite organization], yesterday afternoon in the academy of Music, Brooklyn. The speaker said he wanted to warn all the sinners to prepare for the millennium, which is to arrive in 1925. 'Moses and Abraham will be here then,' he declared, ' and we shall be associated with the holy ancients when the Kingdom of God is upon the earth. These ancients will help to restore man to a proper civilized condition.'"
-The New York Times, "New Date For Millennium: Russellites Now See It Coming on Earth in 1925," June 2, 1919, retrieved May 25, 2017, [query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9D04E6DE1F39E13ABC4A53DFB0668382609EDE&legacy=true]

MacMillan, who was speaking at the convention mentioned in the news article, didn't understand that Rutherford and Russel had claimed the Millennial reign of Christ was already in progress, but many Millerites and Russellites were deceived about what their religion had taught, just as many Jehovah's Witnesses today are deceived about what their religion has taught. Nonetheless, 1925 came and went, and nothing happened, despite the fact that the Watchtower claimed that the date of 1925 was "definitely settled by the Scriptures," and that the people had more reason to believe in the prophecy of 1925 than Noah had to believe in the coming flood:
"Question: Did the order go forth eight months ago to the Pilgrims to cease talking about 1925? Have we more reason, or as much, to believe the kingdom will be established in 1925 than Noah had to believe that there would be a flood?
Answer: It is surprising how reports get abroad. There was never at any time any intimation to the Pilgrim brethren that they should cease talking about 1925. Anyone who has made the statement that such an instruction was sent out has made it without any authority or excuse or cause. Our thought is that 1925 is definitely settled by the Scriptures, marking the end of the typical jubilees. Just exact what will happen at that time no one can tell to a certainty; but we expect such a climax in the affairs of the world that the people will begin to realize the presence of the Lord and his kingdom power. He is already present, as we know, and has taken unto himself his power and begun his reign. He has come to his temple. He is dashing to pieces the nations. Every Christian ought to be content, then, to do with his might what his hands find to do, without stopping to quibble about what is going to happen on a certain date. As to Noah, the Christian now has much more upon which to base his faith than Noah had (so far as the Scriptures reveal) upon which to base his faith in a coming deluge."

-The Watchtower, April 1, 1923, p. 106

It appears that someone within the organization told people to stop preaching about 1925; whether by an accident or someone within was convicted to come out and speak the truth, I don't know, but there were people with doubts. To reestablish their faith in the 1925 prediction, The Watchtower directly told them that it was DEFINITELY settled in Scripture, that Incognito Jesus was in His temple (wherever that was supposed to be), even though they had no way to know that, and that Incognito Jesus was "dashing to pieces the nations," even though it's unclear what they mean by that. The whole answer was somewhat odd, but the fact is that they declared, in no uncertain terms, that all people should have faith that Incognito Jesus was to reveal himself to the world and take over the nations in 1925; and that this should be believed moreso than the prophecy of the flood in the days of Noah.

Of course, excuses were made for why nothing happened in 1925, pushing it back a little further to hang on to their cult members. Rutherford held a Q&A, "which took place May 1-3, 1926," where he was questioned on this matter and LIED:
"Question: Have the ancient worthies [Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, etc] returned?
Answer: Certainly they have not returned. No one has seen them, and it would be foolish to make such an announcement. It was stated in the 'Millions' book that we might reasonably expect them to return shortly after 1925, but this was merely an expressed opinion; besides it is still shortly after 1925"

-Yearbook, 1980, p. 62; See also Watch Tower, July 1, 1926, p. 196; Click image for larger view.

Rutherford's Millions Now Living Will Never Die did NOT say "we might reasonably expect," as he shamefully tries to convince the listening audience; we read earlier, Rutherford specifically said "we may confidently expect 1925 will mark the return of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and the faithful prophets of old... to the condition of human perfection." He also did NOT say it "was merely an expressed opinion;" the Watchtower said it was more certain than the flood in the days of Noah, but since he most of the Russellites in that day probably never read the entirety of Rutherford's book, they couldn't see the facade, just as most Jehovah's Witnesses today have never read it and can't see the facade.

In 1993, the Watchtower answered the growing concerns of JWs as this information was becoming more readily available:
"Ever since the 1870's, Bible Students had been serving with a date in mind - first 1914, then 1925. Now they realized that they must serve for as long as Jehovah wishes."
-Watchtower, Nov 1, 1993, p. 12

Never once do they address the fact that the "prophets" that started their religion were false, which makes their religion a lie that is not of God. They will never confess this because members would leave the JW cult in droves, and this statement attempts to drill into the minds of their cultists that they need to keep working and not think about any of these matters of false prophecy.

However, soon after 1926, many people finally got tired of waiting and came to their senses. According to a 1959 Watchtower publication, those actively participating in the "Memorials" (i.e. communion) increased from 32,661 in 1922, to 90,434 in 1925, but by 1928, their numbers dropped by over 80% (17,380).
(See Jehovah's Witnesses in the Divine Purpose, Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of New York, 1959, p. 110, [University of Wisconsin - Madison])

For the remnant left over after the false prophecy fiasco of 1925, Rutherford named his cult "Jehovah's Witnesses" to separate himself from the many various sects that had developed out of the Millerites and Russellites. After the massive drop in memberships and attendance after the last failed prophecy, the newly corporated "Jehovah's Witness" board members have learned some valuable lessons; namely, that they should not be so specific with dates, and present more generalized or vague ideas.

I've watched many audio and video recordings of people talking with Jehovah's Witnesses, and these various people attempt to explain to the JWs that the organization has a long history of false prophets. Most JWs are trained to recognize that most people won't have the documentation on hand for these false prophecies, so JWs simply question where, who wrote it, and word-for-word what was said, knowing that the person they're talking to won't have all that memorized, instead of JWs taking the time to go look up the information themselves. (Not that they are allowed to; since the Watchtower forbids the reading of any material that is not Watchtower-approved.)

I've heard these challenges quite a few times from JWs concerning the 1975 prophecy of the end of the world, since that is the most recent date they have used. In conversation, the JWs claim that since they can't see what was said, they won't make any assumptions; which is fair, so for the sake of clarity, here is the Watchtower magazine's publication from 1968:
(Click image for full view.)
"What about all this talk concerning the year 1975? Lively discussions, some based on speculation, have burst into flame during recent months among serious students of the Bible. Their interest has been kindled by the belief that 1975 will mark the end of 6,000 years of human history since Adam's creation. The nearness of such an important date indeed fires the imagination and presents unlimited possibilities for discussion."
-Jehovah's Witnesses, "Why Are You Looking Forward to 1975?" The Watchtower, Aug 15, 1968, p. 494

You may notice that this was rather vague. What exactly is supposed to happend at the end of the "6,000 years of human history?" The fact is that they never said specifically, but like a politician, IMPLIED what would happen, so when it didn't come to pass, they could justify themselves by claiming, "We never said that."

However, the implications are not slight. They heavily imply what they mean by the prophecy of 1975, as stated in the following audio clips from Jehovah's Witness Overseers who announced publically what would happen:
Overseer Sunutko: "Well now, as Jehovah's Witnesses, as runners, even though some of us have become a little weary, it almost seems as though Jehovah has provided meat in due season. Because he's held up before all of us, a new goal. A new year. Something to reach out for and it just seems it has given all of us so much more energy and power in this final burst of speed to the finish line. And that's the year 1975. As one brother put it, 'Stay alive to Seventy-Five'"

Overseer Duggan: "So Jehovah's word is in your mind. This good news must be preached first before Armageddon. There will be now a remaining few months; not really a full 83 months remain [from 1968], so lets be faithful and confident, and we will be alive beyond the war of Babylon. We will be alive beyond the war of Armageddon. Yes, brothers and sisters, by doing this... we will be alive in God's new system of things to live and share in the work for a thousand years, and there will be plenty to do for the next one thousand years. *APPLAUSE*"

The Watch Tower published more details:
"The seventh day of the Jewish week, the sabbath, would well picture the final 1,000-year reign of God's kingdom under Christ when mankind would be uplifted from 6,000 years of sin and death. Hence, when Christians note from God's timetable the approaching end of 6,000 years of human history [i.e. 1975], it fills them with anticipation... The immediate future is certain to be filled with climactic events, for this old system is nearing its complete end. Within a few years at most the final parts of Bible prophecy relative to the 'last days' will undergo fulfillment, resulting in the liberation of surviving mankind into Christ's glorious 1000-year reign!"
-Watch Tower, May 1, 1968, p. 271-272

Let's summarize what was just declared by the authorities of JWs: they stated that 1975 was to be the beginning of the 1000-year reign of Christ, and that the last days events in the book of Revelation would "undergo fulfillment," meaning that they would happen on or near 1975, and that all the faithful JWs would join Christ in this reign. (I would point out that in order for Christ to reign, he would have to be recreated by God since they believe that Christ was not risen from the dead, and that Michael the Archangel was recreated in his stead.) In 1968, the Watchtower clearly stated that these events from the book of Revelation would be fulfilled "within a few years at most," and I would like to remind JWs that I published this article five decades after the prophecy was announced.

As I said earlier, the JWs made more effort to be vague in their writing on this false prophecy, learning from their past mistakes, but despite their best efforts, they still answered with enough specific detail to give us a clear definition of what they meant by what they said. JWs stated there was only a margin of error for weeks or months, but not years, and I am documenting these quotes to answer those JWs who will try to deny these facts to say that they just got the numbers mixed up or that the timing was delayed:
"Are we to assume from this study that the battle of Armageddon will be all over by the autumn of 1975, and the long-looked-for thousand-year reign of Christ will begin by then? Possibly, but we wait to see how closely the seventh thousand-year period of manís existence coincides with the sabbathlike thousand-year reign of Christ. If these two periods run parallel with each other as to the calendar year, it will not be by mere chance or accident but will be according to Jehovahís loving and timely purposes. Our chronology, however, which is reasonably accurate (but admittedly not infallible), at the best only points to the autumn of 1975 as the end of 6,000 years of manís existence on earth. It does not necessarily mean that 1975 marks the end of the first 6,000 years of Jehovahís seventh creative 'day.' Why not? Because after his creation Adam lived some time during the 'sixth day,' which unknown amount of time would need to be subtracted from Adamís 930 years, to determine when the sixth seven-thousand-year period or 'day' ended, and how long Adam lived into the 'seventh day.' And yet the end of that sixth creative 'day' could end within the same Gregorian calendar year of Adamís creation. It may involve only a difference of weeks or months, not years."
-Jehovah's Witnesses, "Why Are You Looking Forward to 1975?" The Watchtower, Aug 15, 1968, p. 499

See how they used words like "reasonably accurate," "may," "if," and "possibly?" This is their effort to create a sort of insurance policy to protect themselves if it doesn't work out, or in other words, they're trying to keep as much of the growth in membership as possible after the prophecy fails. Following in Rutherford's footsteps, the Watchtower published statements in 1969 that the living JWs would never grow old:
"If you are a young person, you also need to face the fact that you will never grow old in this present system of things. Why not? Because all the evidence in fulfillment of Bible prophecy indicates that this corrupt system is due to end in a few years. Of the generation that observed the beginning of the "last days" in 1914, Jesus foretold: "This generation will by no means pass away until all these things occur."-Matt. 24:34. Therefore, as a young person, you will never fulfill any career that this system offers. If you are in highschool and thinking about a college education, it means at least four, perhaps even six or eight more years to graduate into a specialized career. But where will this system of things be by that time? It will be well on the way toward its finish, if not actually gone!"
-Awake, May 22, 1969, p. 15

Now we can see more definite statements of absolute certainty because the Watchtower publication said clearly that the 1975 prophecy was a "fact," and the Watchtower was very public with these types of statements in the years surrounding 1970. The following was published by TIME Magazine in 1969:
(Click image for larger view.)
"If this turns out to be the last time they all got together, the thousands of Jehovah's Witnesses who gethered last week in New York City's Yankee Stadium for an international assembly will not be a bit surprised. In fact, they fully expect the cataclysm of Armageddon within the next few years. The latest calculations of this energetic, eschatology-minded [study of death and judgment] sect date the end of the world in autumn, 1975.
Fearful as it may be to other religious believers, the end is a prospect that rejoices the hearts of the 323,688 U.S. members of the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society, as the Witnesses are officially known (worldwide membership: 1,155,826). In 1914, according to the sect's calculations, 'God's timetable' ushered in the last days. Ever since then, Witnesses have longed for the end of 'this wicked system of things' and the beginning of the millennium. According to their literal interpretation of The Bible, based on Revelation 14:1, the Lord God will then pick 144,000 Witnesses to reign with Christ in heaven. The rest will remain on earth to convert unbelievers; at the end of 1,000 years, the wicked will be annihilated, while the saved will continue to enjoy a worldly Paradise. In his address on closing day to the week-long assembly of delegates from 78 countries, the sect's president, Pennsylvania-born Nathan H. Knorr, confidently discussed 'The Approaching Peace of a Thousand Years.'...
The Witnesses have what they believe is Scriptural proof that the end is coming. For one thing, their interpretation of Biblical chronology reveals that Adam and Eve were created in the autumn of 4026 B.C., or 5,994 years ago. Linking 6,000 years to the six days of God's creation, they believe it fitting that there be a sabbath-like rest thereafter, beginning in 1975--though Witnesses cautiously avoid a flat prediction linked to that year. What is more, Christ's promise that 'this generation will not pass away 'till all these things take place' means that the generation alive in 1914, when the last days began, will see Armageddon. As they eye the thinning ranks of that generation, Jehovah's Witnesses are well aware the time limit is running out."

-TIME, "Sects: Witnessing the End," July 18, 1969, [content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,901074,00.html]

I was laughing when the author wrote that this was their "literal interpretation of the Bible" because JW beliefs have nothing to do with Scripture, and everything to do with their cultic traditions founded in pyramidology. JWs do not base their theories on Scriputre, but rather, they cherry-pick verses out of Scripture, apart from its context, whenever they believe it can help justify their presuppositions.

Even though the reporter said they were "cautiously avoiding a flat prediction" for 1975, JW publications still claimed the margin of error was only "weeks or months, but not years." If the millennium reign of Christ began in 1975, then one would have to believe that Christ is a cruel and merciless ruler, and obviously lazy and uncaring, since things have only gotten gradually worse over the past 50 years. (i.e. The "Incognito Jesus" of the JWs is not the Jesus Christ of the Bible.)

A Jehovah's Witness can deny all these reports as much he wants, but the facts are clear, and the JWs in the 1970s absolutely believed the end was approaching, proving it by their actions. Just as the cultists did in 1841, 1874, 1914, and 1925, thousands flocked to sell their homes in preparation of the ushering in of God's kingdom:
"Yes, since the summer of 1973 there have been new peaks in pioneers every month. Now there are 20,394 regular and special pioneers in the United States, an all-time peak. That is 5,190 more than there were in February 1973! A 34-percent increase! Does that not warm our hearts? Reports are heard of brothers selling their homes and property and planning to finish out the rest of their days in this old system in the pioneer service. Certainly this is a fine way to spend the short time remaining before the wicked world's end. [i.e. 1975]"
-Kingdom Ministry, "How Are You Using Your Life?" May, 1974, p. 3; Click image for larger view.
Of course, as we already know, 1975 came and went, and nothing happened. Today, Jehovah's Witnesses hypocritically teach that "only Jehovah God knew exactly when the end of this system of things would come," and have carefully made sure to remove all evidence from their website of anything concerning the almost two centuries of false prophecies that I have documented in this chatper.
(See Jehovah's Witnesses, "Are We Living in 'the Last Days'?" Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, retrieved May 30, 2017, [jw.org/en/publications/books/bible-teach/are-we-living-in-the-last-days])

As I searched through the JW official website, despite the fact that they have thousands of articles, I could not find one piece of information on 1975, 1925, 1874, 1841--nothing. This is why most Jehovah's Witnesses aren't aware of these false prophecies; the Watchtower hides the information from them, and tells them they are not to read any material published outside of the Watchtower. (Even though I'm quoting their publications, it would be very difficult to get a JW to read this.) I found one entry on their website for 1914, and there was not one word about the failed prophecy, but rather, they called it a "significant year in bible prophecy," in which simply said that we're in "the beginning of 'the last days' of this present wicked system of things."
(See Jehovah's Witnesses, "1914-A Significant Year in Bible Prophecy" Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, retrieved May 30, 2017, [jw.org/en/publications/books/bible-teach/1914-significant-year-bible-prophecy])

With that in mind, please read the following excerpt from the Watchtower publication Insights on the Scriptures:
"While malicious lying is definitely condemned in the Bible, this does not mean that a person is under obligation to divulge truthful information to people who are not entitled to it."
-Jehovah's Witness, Insight on the Scriptures, Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, Vol. 2, 1988, p. 245

We can see how they believe that covering up information, withholding facts, and keeping their cult members ignorant is not considered "lying" according to their own definitions. However, it doesn't end there because not only has the Watchtower Society done a lot of editing and censoring to their history, they also realized that the Bible needed a lot of editing to be tailored to fit their cultic beliefs...


Just as a tailor makes adjustments to clothing to give the perfect fit, so the Jehovah's Witnesses made adjustments to the text of Scripture to fit Watchtower doctrine, and put into a book called the New World Translation (NWT). The NWT's New Testament was published in 1950, and the Old Testament was published in 1961. As I stated earlier, one would not become a Jehovah's Witness by reading the Bible alone, and not only does the Watchtower require that their members read/study only their matierals (i.e. they forbid their members to read materials not approved by the Watchtower), but they also need a special bible version, the New World Translation, to make the JWs teachings fit together, and in this chapter, I will give examples directly from their own documentation to demonstrate the deceptive changes they made.

Before I get into this topic, I want to point out the hypocrisy of new-age version users, or rather the "Scholarhip-Only" crowd who jumps around various corrupt versions and claims them to be the "Word of God." Even among their corruption, almost every one of them condemns the New World Translation, and this is pure hypocrisy because the very arguments they use to defend their own new-age versions against the King James Bible are the same arguments that JWs use to defend the New World Translation against the KJB, and we'll see examples of this as we explore this topic.
(Read "Why I Use the King James Bible" here at creationliberty.com for more details.)

There are so many things wrong with the New World Translation that I doubt I'll be able to list them all out here, but I want readers to understand I am not one of those who plays the Greek game, meaning that I believe the Greek and Hebrew texts, as well as many other sources, were properly and finally translated into English as God's preserved and perfect Word through the King James Bible. Sadly, many leavened or false Christians are debating with JWs over what this scholar says or what that scholar says, when all of them have the same exact problems that JWs have, namely that all of them have corrupt bible versions that have taken liberties to interpret words the way they want, rather than by the context of what God's Word says.
(Read "How to Play The Greek Game and Dangers of Using Lexicons and Concordances here at creationliberty.com for more details.)

However, despite their corruption, the scribes of the new-age versions, as far as I have seen, all have serious problems with the NWT. Of course, the typical JW would say that's because it's a Satanic conspiracy against the Watchtower, but I believe we should look at the facts first, so let's analyze the arguments being made. One of the most common points of contention about the NWT is the use of the word "Jehovah" in both the Old and New Testaments.

The Watchtower official website states:
"God wants us to use his personal name. We use personal names when we talk with those we love, such as our close friends--especially if they invite us to do so. Should it be different when it comes to talking with God? Furthermore, Jesus Christ encouraged the use of God's name."
-Jehovah's Witnesses, "Bible Questions Answered: Why should we use God's name?", The Watchtower, January, 2013, retrieved Apr 27, 2017, [jw.org/en/publications/magazines/wp20130101/name-of-god]

The Watchtower claims they have restored the "Divine Name" to the New Testament, and if you ask a JW, you'll find that they believe the use of the name "Jehovah" puts you in direct communication with God, but if you do not call Him by His name, then He will not hear you. So a new JW is brought into the organization, taught that they must call God by His name, shown that "Jehovah" is used throughout many verses in the Old and New Testaments of the NWT, and that's how they get brainwashed into believing they have found the truth.

There are some very serious problems with this claim; the first being that the Hebrew name of God in the Old Testament (commonly called the "Tetragrammaton" - YHWH [yah-wey]) is in the Hebrew language. I realize that seems like an overtly common sense statement (i.e Hebrew words are in Hebrew), but when talking with JWs, this needs to be pointed out because the letter 'J' in "Jehovah' does not exist in the Hebrew, which means not only are "Jehovah's" Witnesses not pronouncing His Divine Name Hebrew name properly, they are also spelling it wrong.

In fact, the letter 'J' didn't enter the English langauge until the 16th century. This is why the original printing of the 1611 King James Bible spelled "Jesus" as "Iesus" [yay-soos] and "John" as "Iohn." [yon]
"The next day, Iohn seeth Iesus comming vnto him, and saith, Behold the Lambe of God, which taketh away the sinne of the world."
-Original 1611 Printing of the King James Bible, John 1:29, retrived Apr 27, 2017, [kingjamesbibleonline.org/1611_John-Chapter-1]

Thus the name "Jehovah" is a man-made term that JWs apply to God, and that means when they use the 'jyuh' sound of the letter 'J' in "Jehovah," they're not really using God's Hebrew name. The translators for the NWT took the liberty to ADD that name into the New Testament many times, but it was never in the Greek texts of the New Testament, meaning that the JW "translators" didn't do any actual translating on this point.

As we read earlier, Rutherford changed the name of their organization to "Jehovah's Witnesses" in 1931, and conveniently, the 1950 "translation" of the NWT decided to insert "Jehovah" in many verses. Why didn't they add in "Elohim" or "Adonai," which would be more accurate to the Hebrew text? Jehovah's Witnesses could have instead called themselves "Emmanuel's Witnesses" or "Adonai's Witnesses," because those are names for God too, but they stick with "Jehovah" simply because Joseph Rutherford named his cult "Jehovah's Witnesses," and since it was so well established, in so many published documents around the world, it could not easily be changed, which means they have to stick to the name, even though it doesn't make sense with what they claim. (Also, they believe that the head of their organization is God inspired, so they also must believe that the name Jehovah's Witnesses came from God.)

That brings us to question the New World Translation because, putting aside the fact that they were just adding in a personal preference (i.e. they wanted the Bible to say 'Jehovah' so they added it in), anyone who would understand some simple facts about the English language (like the addition of the letter 'J') would have seen the "Jehovah" inserts to be a contradiction. To point out the Watchtower's lies, let's look at the foreword to the The Kingdom Interlinear Translation of the Greek Scriptures, a document published by the Watchtower, which is the NWT next to Westcott and Hort's corrupt Greek manuscript:
"To avoid overstepping the bounds of a translator into the field of exegesis [i.e. explanation or interpretation of the text], we have tried to be most cautious about rendering the divine name, always carefully considering the Hebrew Scriptures as a background. We have looked for some agreement with us by the Hebrew versions we consulted to confirm our rendering. Thus, out of the 237 times that we have restored Jehovah's name in the body of our translation, there is only one instance wherein we have no support or agreement from any of the Hebrew versions."
-Watchtower Online Libaray, "Kingdom Interlinear: Foreword," Jan 1, 1985, retrieved May 31, 2017, [wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/1101985061]

When they say they considered the Hebrew Scriptures as a background, they're talking about when a New Testament verse is referring to an Old Testament verse, since the Old Testament was written in Hebrew. (i.e. The New Testament was not originally written in Hebrew.) The Watchtower claims they translated "Jehovah" 237 times, 236 of which are based on reference to the Old Testament.

"How is a modern translator to know or determine when to render the Greek words Κυριος [lord] and Θεος [god] into the divine name in his version? By determining where the inspired Christian writers have quoted from the Hebrew Scriptures. Then he must refer back to the original to locate whether the divine name appears there."
-Kingdom Interlinear Translation of the Greek Scriptures, Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of New York, 1969, p. 18

Please don't be nervous about this section because you are not going to have to learn Greek and Hebrew to expose the NWT. The first Greek word mentioned in that quote is "kurios," which means "lord," and the second word is "theos," which means god, so in summary, the translation committee set a rule for themselves that every time the word "lord" or "god" appears in the New Testament, they would check to see if that verse was referring back to (or contextually based on) an Old Testament reference.

If they found the verse in question did refer back to the Old Testament, they would go to that verse and check to see if the "Divine Name" was used, and if it was, then they would write in "Jehovah" instead of "Lord" or "God." This all sounds relatively reasonable in theory, but the problem is that this is mostly a lie; a convenient excuse for a hidden agenda.

I went through all 237 instances listed out in the appendix of the Kingdom Interlinear (see image below) and checked for Old Testament references in the verse, or in the general context, of each section. Those verses highlighted (160 out of 237, or 68%) in red have no Old Testament reference; or in other words, every verse highlighted in red violates the ruleset that the Watchtower told us in their foreword, and they simply took liberties where they pleased.
(Click image for larger view.)

Keep in mind, this is just checking the first rule (i.e. Is there an OT reference or not?); in order to determine the entire deception, we would have to go back and find out where the "Divine Name" was used in the Old Testament on those verses which are NOT highlighted in red (i.e. verses not highlighted have OT references). In the Old Testament of the King James Bible, every place where the word "LORD" was in all-capital letters, the Divine Hebrew Name of God was used, and so we can easily cross-reference the verses on the list by going to the KJB and checking for an all-caps "LORD."

Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.
-Matthew 1:22-23

This is one of the first verses on the Kingdom Interlinear list, and this passage refers back to Isaiah:

Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.
-Isaiah 7:14

There's a problem here because the word "Lord" is not in all capital letters, which means the Divine Name of God was not used in Isaiah 7:14. This also means that the translation committee, according to their ruleset, should NOT have used "Jehovah" in Matthew 1:22, but they did:
"All of this actually came about to fulfill what was spoken by Jehovah through his prophet, saying: 'Look! The virgin will become pregnant and will give birth to a son, and they will name him Immanuel,' which means, when translated, 'With Us Is God.'"
-Jehovah's Witnesses, "According to Matthew 1:1-25," New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures, 2013, retrieved June 1, 2017, [jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/matthew/1]

Since the Watchtower did not follow their own ruleset, that leaves us with an obvious question: Why? Answering this question will help us discover the hidden purpose behind the New World Translation.

For example, let's look at Romans 14:

For it is written, As I live, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God.
-Romans 14:11

This verse refers back to Isaiah 45:

I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth in righteousness, and shall not return, That unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear. Surely, shall one say, in the LORD have I righteousness and strength: even to him shall men come; and all that are incensed against him shall be ashamed.
-Isaiah 45:23-24

The translators of the NWT did as they said they would do, and translated "Lord" in Romans 14:11 as "Jehovah," since the Divine Name was used in Isaiah 45.
"For it is written: 'As surely as I live,' says Jehovah, 'to me every knee will bend, and every tongue will make open acknowledgment to God.'"
-Jehovah's Witnesses, "To the Romans 14:1-23," New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures, 2013, retrieved June 1, 2017, [jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/romans/14]

However, Philippians 2 ALSO refers back to verses 23-24 in Isaiah 45:

That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
-Philippians 2:10-11

The problem is that the Watchtower did NOT translate "Lord" to "Jehovah" in Philippians 2. Read the following verse from the NWT and see if you can tell why they broke their rule and refused to translate "Lord" as "Jehovah" in this passage:
"[S]o that in the name of Jesus every knee should bendóof those in heaven and those on earth and those under the ground and every tongue should openly acknowledge that Jesus Christ is Lord to the glory of God the Father.'"
-Jehovah's Witnesses, "To the Philippians 2:1-30," New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures, 2013, retrieved June 1, 2017, [jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/philippians/2]

If you're paying close attention, and you consider what we've learned so far, it should be obvious why they broke their "Jehovah" translation rule in Philippians 2. JWs do not believe that Jesus Christ is God, and if they had done a truly unbiased translation that "avoided exogesis" as they claimed, then this verse would declare that Jesus Christ is "Jehovah" God; so to avoid that, they cheated their rules and lied about it.

Incase any JW that might see this would make an excuse that the Greek word used in Phil 2 and Rom 14 were different, I have photocopies (see image below) of the Kingdom Interlinear which shows that both uses of "Lord" in each verse is "Kurios."
(Click image for larger view.)
(See Romans 14:11 & Philippians 2:10-11, Kingdom Interlinear Translation of the Greek Scriptures, Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of New York, 1969)

The true hidden purpose of the New World Translation is to
deny that the Lord Jesus Christ is God the Father.

The purpose of the NWT is to disconnect Christ from God. The Watchtower needed a bible version of their own to say that Christ is not God, likely due to how many Christians were using the KJB (the book JWs used to use) to expose their heresy.

There are other verses not mentioned on the list of the Kingdom Interlinear, likely because they keep making new editions and revisions to the NWT. For example, the Watchtower changed Romans 10:

For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.
-Romans 10:13

This verse is quoting Joel 2:32, which uses the Divine Name, and so the NWT reads:
"For 'everyone who calls on the name of Jehovah will be saved.'"
-Jehovah's Witnesses, "To the Romans 10:1-21," New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures, 2013, retrieved June 1, 2017, [jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/romans/10]

Even though this verse wasn't on their original list, the Watchtower knew it had to be changed to protect their beliefs because verse 10 prefaces verse 13:

For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.
-Romans 10:10

Jehovah's Witnesses, if you can get them to be honest enough about it, believe that anyone who is outside of their organization cannot be saved; or in other words, you must be a Jehovah's Witness, or you cannot receive "grace." Thus, only those who are a part of the Jehovah's Witnesses will call on the specific name "Jehovah," so therefore, they believe only they can be saved; they had to change the word to get the Bible to match what they believe.

I just want to warn the Watchtower Society what the Lord God (i.e. Lord Jesus Christ and Holy Spirit) said:

For I testify unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book, If any man shall add unto these things, God shall add unto him the plagues that are written in this book: And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy [e.g. taking away Jesus Christ from His position as God], God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.
-Revelation 22:18-19

Don't think these Watchtower changes are just some random errors or mistakes. The NWT committee had a desire to make their newly fashioned bible version match JW teaching; specifically, they wanted to make sure that their cult members believed that only those who called on the name of "Jehovah" (i.e. only those who are Jehovah's Witnesses and do their works) can be saved.

In the image above where I highlighted the verses in the appendix of the Kingdom Interlinear, if you look carefully, you'll notice that the chapters of 1st & 2nd Thessalonians only had six verses in which the NWT committee changed the word "Lord" to "Jehovah." The reason I point this out is because NONE of the six verses where they inserted "Jehovah" in 1st & 2nd Thessalonians has any Old Testament Hebrew reference, and yet, the word "Lord" (Kurios) is used over 40 times in those eight chapters. (i.e. They ignored their ruleset and inserted it anyway, but then were not consistent to insert it for all cases; meaning, they're simply taking liberty to do it whenever they please.)

One of the most clear passages that Jesus Christ is God is found in Colossians 1, and the context shows us that this is speaking directly of Jesus Christ:

Giving thanks unto the Father, which hath made us meet to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light: Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son: In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins: Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature: For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him: And he is before all things, and by him all things consist. And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he might have the preeminence. For it pleased the Father that in him should all fulness dwell; And, having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, I say, whether they be things in earth, or things in heaven.
-Colossians 1:12-20

The Watchtower also knew this was a problem for JW beliefs, so they added some words to their bible version to cover this up. They believed if they added in the word "other" to the text, then it JWs could say that Jesus created some things, but not all things, so they could deny His Divinity:
"He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation; because by means of him all other things were created in the heavens and on the earth, the things visible and the things invisible, whether they are thrones or lordships or governments or authorities. All other things have been created through him and for him. Also, he is before all other things, and by means of him all other things were made to exist,"
-Jehovah's Witnesses, "Letter to the Colossians 1:1-29," New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures, 2013, retrieved June 1, 2017, [jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/colossians/1]

So what ruleset did the Watchtower use to add in the word "other?" There is no ruleset; they just added it in, and you don't have to take my word for it because you can read it from the Kingdom Interlinear for yourself:
(See Colossians 1:16-20, Kingdom Interlinear Translation of the Greek Scriptures, Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of New York, 1969)

In the NWT, the brackets around the word "other" were removed. This will lead readers to believe that the word "other" was part of their Greek text, when it was not. There is no excuse for this; they just added in where they wanted it so they can have an excuse to deny Christ's Divinity.

But this gets worse when we look at Revelation 5 in the Kingdom Interlinear. Look closely at verse 13 and you'll see that the Greek word for "all (things)" is the same as it is in Colossians 1, but they did NOT add in the word "other."
(See Revelation 5:13, Kingdom Interlinear Translation of the Greek Scriptures, Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of New York, 1969)

Even if the Watchtower someday "fixed" this verse to their liking, it still would not solve the problem because notice that it says "every creature that is in heaven and on earth" were giving glory and honor "to the Lamb." JWs believe that Jesus Christ is a created being, which creates a contradiction because in order for all created creatures to be giving glory and honor to the Lamb/Jesus, the Lamb/Jesus cannot be a created creature. (i.e. Jesus Christ is the Living God.)

After seeing this heretical preztel of a bible version, it leads us to ask: who were the translators of the NWT? The fact is that for many years, the Watchtower hid the names of those who were on the translation committee, and Frederick Franz, head of the Watchtower Publicity Department, told a Scottish courtroom under oath:
"That is an absolute secret. It will never be revealed now or even after death."
-Frederick Franz, Edinburgh, Scotland, Nov 24, 1954, quoted by George D. Chryssides, Jehovah's Witnesses: Continuity and Change, Routledge, 2016, ISBN: 9781351925426

Obviously, the Watchtower didn't want anyone to know who did the "translating." Later, in response to a lot of inquiry, JWs decided to answer their cult members' concerns by quoting Charles Russell in an edition of their Awake! magazine:
"It is the truth rather than its servant that should be honored and proclaimed. There is too much disposition to credit truth to the preacher, forgetful that all truth is of God, who uses one or another servant in its proclamation as it may please him."
-Charles T. Russell, quoted in Awake, Oct 22, 1989, p. 20

This type of answer is actually very common among cults, and many documents I've read, which contain false doctrine and false prophecy, hide the name of the author. Their excuse is to "give credit to God rather than man," but the truth is that they don't want to be held accountable for what they teach, and they don't want to suffer any criticism from someone who actually has the Spirit of God and studies His Word. (i.e. I would caution any Christian to beware anyone who claims to be of Christ and will not publically put their name on what they teach; in most cases, it is the equivalent of denying Christ before men. Mat 10:33)

A decade later, the Watchtower said:
"A translation committee of experienced anointed Christians was organized to produce the New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures in English."
-Jehovah's Witnesses, "How the Bible Came to Us," The Watcher, Oct 15, 1997, p. 11-12

This was obviously an excuse to keep anyone from finding out who worked on the NWT. It wasn't until some members of the Watchtower Society got out of the JW cult and came forward with the truth that the public finally learned about the six men on the committee: Frederick W. Franz (aformention), Nathan H. Knorr, George D. Gangas, Albert D. Schroeder, Milton G. Henschel, and Karl Klein.

Of course, as soon as the names were released, background checks were done on these men to find out their experience with Hebrew and Koine Greek (i.e. the type of ancient Greek the NT was orginally written in), and here's what was found:
  1. Frederick Franz completed a two-hour survey (i.e. introductory) course in Biblical Greek, and completed one year of classical Greek (i.e. not Koine Greek) and some Latin. Self-taught some Hebrew and Aramaic.
  2. George Gangas was Turkish and knew modern (i.e. not Koine) Greek.
  3. Milton Henshcel had no training in Hebrew or Greek.
  4. Karl Klein had no training in Hebrew or Greek.
  5. Nathan Knorr had no training in Hebrew or Greek.
  6. Albert Schroeder had no training in Hebrew or Greek.
Please don't misunderstand to think that they were simply inexperienced translators who didn't do a good job. What this means is that they did not do any translating at all; they simply took one or more English bible versions and cut, edit, and pasted until they completed something that they could call their own, or rather, something they could use to help justify their JW believe system.

Now that the names have been released, and we know that Frederick Franz was one of the so-called "translators," let's go back to the 1954 court trial in Scotland and read a line a questioning he answered under oath. As I pointed out above, Franz was the only person on the NWT committee that had some training in Hebrew:
"Q: Have you also made yourself familiar with Hebrew?
A: Yes.
Q: So that you have a substantial linguistic apparatus at your command?
A: Yes, for use in my biblical work.
Q: I think you are able to read and follow the Bible in Hebrew, Greek, Latin, Spanish, Portuguese, German, and French?
A: Yes.
[The following day, on Nov 25th:]
Q: You, yourself, read and speak Hebrew, do you?
A: I do not speak Hebrew.
Q: You do not?
A: No.
Q: Can you translate that into Hebrew?
A: Which?
Q: That fourth verse of the second chapter of Genesis?
A: You mean here?
Q: Yes.
A: No, I won't attempt to do that."

-Frederick Franz, answering questions in Edinburgh, Scotland courtroom, quoted by Ron Rhodes, Reasoning from the Scriptures with the Jehovah's Witnesses, Harvest House Publishers, 2009, p. 97, ISBN: 9780736936453

The problem here is that, for any student learning Hebrew, Genesis 2:4 is a relatively simply verse to translate:

These are the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made the earth and the heavens,
-Genesis 2:4

A student learning Hebrew in college should be able to translate this by the end of the first year of study. Most professors would fail their first-year students if they could not accomplish that task, and so on what basis should we trust the NWT committe could accurately translate the Bible?

Again, the Watchtower has created a bible version for themselves with which they can "correct" any Biblical statement that conflicts with any Jehovah's Witness teaching; thereby making the teachings of the Watchtower Society the measuring rod of truth. This is insanely hypocritical because in 1962, the Watchtower published a critique of Mormonism and accused them of doing the same thing:
"Mormons acknowledge that they accept the Bible as the inspired Word of God, but they are quick to qualify their acceptance by saying: 'We believe the Bible to be the word of God as far as it is translated correctly.' This loophole permits them to reject any Biblical statement that conflicts with Mormon teaching. Thus, Mormon teachings and writings are made the measuring rod of truth."
-Watchtower, "A Look at Mormonism," Apr 1, 1962, p. 216

When asked the question "Do Jehovah's Witnesses depend on the New World Translation to support their beliefs," the Watchtower answers:
"No, for we continue to use many translations of the Bible in our witnessing work... we are also happy to study with those who prefer to use other translations."
-Jehovah's Witnesses, "Have Jehovahís Witnesses Changed the Bible to Fit Their Beliefs?" Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, retrieved May 30, 2017, [jw.org/en/jehovahs-witnesses/faq/changed-bible-beliefs]

However, if you actually talk with a Jehovah's Witness who shows up at your door, they almost always have a NWT in their hand. In fact, when quoting the King James Bible to them, to show them the contradiction between God's Word and their JW beliefs, they will almost always request to open the verses from the NWT as a response, and this is because they have found a "loophole [that] permits them to reject any Biblical statement that conflicts with [Jehovah's Witness] teaching."

(Read "Corruptions of Christianity: Mormonism" here at creationliberty.com for more details.)

In face-to-face conversation, a Jehovah's Witness will tell you that the NWT is the pure word of God that all believers should use, and that no other version can match it for clarity and understanding. The following author went through an analysis of all the English bible versions available, addressing them on common problems associated with each one, and although I do not endorse him in any way, I wanted to point out that after analyzing the NWT, he concluded:
"This study is by no means a comprehensive review of all the merits or faults of the New World Translation. These examples are adequate, however, to show that it is unsuited for use of people who want to know what the Bible really teaches."
-Jack P. Lewis, The English Bible, from KJV to NIV: A History and Evaluation, Baker Book House, 1991, p. 235, ISBN: 9780801056666

I have lilstened to many Jehovah's Witnesses claim that the NWT gives better clarity and understanding than any other translation, and yet, when the year the Watchtower released the NWT, they said:
"The Watch Tower Society have till now quoted, cited and referred to more than seventy different Bible translations in English and other languages. Thus the Society has recognized the value of them all and has made use of the good in them all as needed for setting forth God's true message and clearing away religious confusion."
-Watchtower, Sept 15, 1950; See also Jehovah's Witnesses in the Divine Purpose, Watchtower Bible and Tract Societ of New York, 1959, p. 255, [University of Wisconsin - Madison]

I quote the Watchtower to demonstrate more of the contradictions and hypocrisy, showing that they believed the use of other new-age bible versions outside of the NWT were "good" to "setting forth God's true message." I've also listened to Jehovah's Witnesses claim the King James Bible is too difficult to read and is not good for people to understand, and yet, until 1950, they primarily used the King James Bible:
"From the time of its organization the Watch Tower Bible & Tract Society has used the King James Version of 1611 as its basic version for Bible study."
-Watchtower, Mar 15, 1951; See also Jehovah's Witnesses in the Divine Purpose, Watchtower Bible and Tract Societ of New York, 1959, p. 255, [University of Wisconsin - Madison]

Some readers may not know that the NWT removes verses from Scripture, but this should be no surprise because the NWT is based on the same thing all the other new-age versions are based on: Westcott and Hort's corrupt Greek manuscript. Like all the other corrupt versions, the NWT removes verses like Mat 17:21, just to give one of many examples:
(See Jehovah's Witnesses, "According to Matthew 17:1-27," New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures, 2013, retrieved June 2, 2017, [jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/matthew/17]

Howbeit this kind goeth not out but by prayer and fasting.
-Matthew 17:21

In the image above, you'll notice there's a footnote next to verse 21, and it links to an article written by the Watchtower about how they supposedly developed the NWT. They tell readers that their Hebrew text is based on the Dead Sea Scrolls, but also from the Latin Vulgate (Catholic manuscript) and the Greek Septuagint (which has no evidence for its existence). So we can see that they're attempting to mix and match according to what they want to believe. (And remember that all the members of the NWT committe had almost no Greek or Hebrew training.)
(See Jehovah's Witnesses, "How the Bible Came to Us" Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, retrieved May 31, 2017, [jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/appendix-a/how-the-bible-came-to-us])

For the Greek text, they claimed to base it primarily on Westcott and Hort's corrupt translation, the same one all the other new-age versions use, but also claimed that they compared it to 2nd and 3rd century papyri (i.e. Sinaiticus and Vaticanus), which all other new-age versions have also done (because that's what Westcott and Hort did). We can see that the NWT is not much different than any other new-age version, but other new-age version scholars fight and argue against the NWT because the JWs took some liberties with it that other scholars didn't. (i.e. They're all hypocrites, but they want an ecumenical, uniform hypocrisy.)
(See Jehovah's Witnesses, "How the Bible Came to Us" Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, retrieved May 31, 2017, [jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/appendix-a/how-the-bible-came-to-us]; Read "Where Bible Versions Come From" here at creationliberty.com for more details.)

Now let's look at what JWs say about the King James Bible, the book that the JWs stopped using in 1950:
"Based on those master texts, it is evident that some verses of the Christian Greek Scriptures found in older translations, such as the King James Version, were actually additions made by later copyists and were never part of the inspired Scriptures. However, because the verse division generally accepted in Bible translations was already established in the 16th century, the omission of these verses now creates gaps in the verse numbering in most Bibles."
-Jehovah's Witnesses, "How the Bible Came to Us" Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania, retrieved May 31, 2017, [jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/appendix-a/how-the-bible-came-to-us]

In short, they're claiming that the Christians who helped in the eventual production of the King James Bible were liars. (i.e. They would have to be liars if they just added things in that were not inspired of God.) And in cowardly fashion, just as all the other new-age bible versions, they will not simply renumber the verses; instead they leave blanks, or in other words, they believe they have God's true word in the NWT, but don't have enough faith in it to make a stand to change the numbers to what they think those verse numbers ought to be.

When a Jehovah's Witness talks about the NWT, they claim it adds clarity and understanding to the reader about God's Word. One of the problems with such a claim is their removal of John 5:4.

For an angel went down at a certain season into the pool, and troubled the water: whosoever then first after the troubling of the water stepped in was made whole of whatsoever disease he had.
-John 5:4

Again, this is a verse that is removed from most new-age versions, but as I pointed out in our teaching, "Why I Use The King James Bible - Alterations and Omissions," this verse is actually a contextual requirement to understand the chapter. It amazes me that JWs regurgitate the lines about "clarity and understanding" from their JW training, and will not stop to consider that the NWT is removing clarity and understanding from God's Word.

Let's emphasize the claim of the Watchtower:
"It befits the significant time of transition from the old world to the righteous new world that translations of Scriptures today should as far as possible eliminate the misleading influence of religious traditions which have their roots in paganism, that thus the pure truth of God's Word may shine forth in all its harmonious brilliance and with its convincing power... Our primary desire has been to seek, not the approval of men, but that of God, by rendering the truth of his inspired Word as purely and as consistently as our consecrated powers make possible. There is no benefit in self-deception. More than that, those who provide a translation for the spiritual instruction of others come under a special responsibility as teachers before the divine Judge. Hence our appreciation of the need of carefulness."
-Kingdom Interlinear Translation of the Greek Scriptures, Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of New York, 1969, p. 8-9

In summary, the Watchtower claims they were careful with the Scriptures; translating everything purely as possible without any influence from religious traditions or self-deception. This is a LIE. As any JW will tell you, they believe the Kingdom Interlinear and the NWT to be the most pure bible version that anyone could read, but because they follow the instruction of the Watchtower to read nothing outside of Watchtower approval, they are reaping the same self-deception that their organization has sowed.


A lot of information is floating around the internet about Charles Russell, but much of that information is more rumor than fact. Certainly, Russell was a liar and occultist, as the evidence in previous chapters has shown, but there are some things he has been falsely accused of, and I will do my best to address these subjects with sufficient evidence.

One of the first things I want to address is the claim that Charles Russell was a Freemason, and though some readers may be surprised by my statements on this matter, the fact is that Russell was NOT a member of any known Masonic temple. If any readers are unfamiliar with Freemasonry, and that it is a Luciferian cult, please read our article, "Freemasonry: A Luciferian Beacon" to get more details.

The most common example I've seen used on the internet in favor of Russell being a Freemason is his gravestone (i.e. the location he was buried). Russell is buried at 226 Cemetery Ln, Pittsburgh, PA, and the location is next to a Masonic Temple of the Scottish Rite.

Those who argue in favor of Russell being a Freemason will point to the Masonic symbols on the gravestone, namely, the "Cross & Crown" as seen below.

Although JWs may claim this is a "Christian" symbol, as do many other cults around the world, it has nothing to do with Christianity. Even the cross symbol so commonly used by leavened church buildings and ministries around the world has nothing to do with Christianity; as we demonstrate historically and Scripturally in our article: "Christian Symbols Are Not Christian."

Albert Pike, the most highly revered authority in Freemasonry, stated that the true meaning of the cross in this symbol is a philosophical representation of sexual intercourse:
"The world-producing egg figures [pagan mythology of the world birthed from an egg] in all cosmogonies [study of the origin of the universe]; and modern science has discovered that all animal production is oviparous [females produce eggs that are fertilzed by sperm]. From this idea of generation came the reverence everywhere paid the image of generative power [sexual intercourse], which formed the Stauros of the Gnostics, and the philosophical Cross of the Masons."
-Albert Pike, Morals and Dogma of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry, L.H. Jenkins, 1871, p. 771, [University of Michigan]

Pike is saying that this cross does NOT represent Christ, Christianity, or the Bible in any way; rather, it is a representation of "generative power," which is sexual intercourse. Just to make sure this is clarified, he compares it to the Stauros of the Gnostics, which Satanist Helena Blavatsky helps to define:
"The vertical line [of the cross symbol] being the male principle [penis], and the horizontal the female [vagina], out of the union of the two [sexual intercourse] at the intersection point is formed the cross; the oldest symbol in the Egyptian history of gods. It is the key of Heaven in the rosy fingers of Neith, the celestial virgin, who opens the gate at dawn for the exit of her first-begotten, the radiant sun. It is the Stauros of the Gnostics, and the philosophical cross of the high-grade Masons."
-Helena P. Blavatsky, Isis Unveiled: Theology, J.W. Bouton, 1891, p. 270, [Harvard University]
This Satanist clearly explains the same thing the Freemason explained: that the cross symbol is a sexual symbol. Those of you who are familiar with witchcraft, paganism, and Freemasonry will not be surprised by this because this is standard operating procedure for them.

So if a dead man has a gravestone made for him that has Masonic symbols on it, does that automatically make him a Freemason? No. Most conspiracy "ministries" out there would condemn me for even questioning it, but we have to stop and consider: Did Charles Russell craft his own gravestone? There is no evidence that he made the gravestone himself, and so whoever made it, did it after he was dead (i.e. it would not have been prepared beforehand since his death was untimely), so for all those who would metaphorically bite my head off for daring to question the matter: Is it possible that someone who was a Freemason made that to honor Russell, even though Russell was not a Freemason? (Of course that's a possibility, but not one they're willing to consider.)

Though I haven't seen the direct evidence, I have been told that it was the Watchtower Society who had that gravestone made in 1921. Even if that was the case, they made it with a symbol that they likely didn't understand, and a pyramid shape because that's what Russell studied; it still does provide the evidence needed that Russell was a member of the Freemasons.

The main point I'm trying to make is that we should not be so quick to draw conclusions without evidence. We don't know who made the gravestone, nor how that man was connected to Charles Russell. Also, it's not like Russell walked his dead body over to the burial ground next to the Masonic Temple, someone else buried him there, so we have to leave possibilities open until we gather more evidence.

As I investigated this matter, I found a very interesting quotation from Charles Russell that he gave during a speech to the 1913 Convention Report of the International Bible Students, which at first glance, almost convinced me with certainty that he was Freemason:
"I am very glad to have this particular opportunity of saying a word about some of the things in which we agree with our Masonic friends, because we are speaking in a building dedicated to Masonry, and we also are Masons. I am a Free Mason. I am a free and accepted Mason, if I may carry the matter to its full length, because that is what our Masonic brethren like to tell us, that they are free and accepted Masons."
-Charles T. Russell, speech he gave called "The Temple of God," given a Special 1913 Convention Report of the International Bible Students, quoted by Mercedes O'Ryan, The Wind Demon Within Me: The True Story of One Woman's Lifelong Battle With Demonic Possession After Becoming a Jehovah's Witness, AuthorHouse, 2008, p. 241, ISBN: 9781438929996

As I said, that convinced me--until I did some research and found the full quote. Most conspiracy websites out there will only quote that small section above and stop, but there's a reason they don't go gather the whole thing and quote all of it. (i.e. Hypocrites; because they accuse the conspirators of doing the same thing.) Let's read more of the quote:
"I am very glad to have this particular opportunity of saying a word about some of the things in which we agree with our Masonic friends, because we are speaking in a building dedicated to Masonry, and we also are Masons. I am a Free Mason. I am a free and accepted Mason, if I may carry the matter to its full length, because that is what our Masonic brethren like to tell us, that they are free and accepted Masons. That is their style of putting it. Now I am a free and accepted Mason. I trust we all are. But not just after the style of our Masonic brethren. We have no quarrel with them. I am not going to say a word against Free Masons. In fact, some of my very dear friends are Masons, and I can appreciate that there are certain very precious truths that are held in part by our Masonic friends. I have talked to them at times, and they have said, How do you know about all of these things? We thought nobody knew anything about these things except those who had access to our very highest logic."
-Charles T. Russell, speech he gave called "The Temple of God," given a Special 1913 Convention Report of the International Bible Students, quoted by Mercedes O'Ryan, The Wind Demon Within Me: The True Story of One Woman's Lifelong Battle With Demonic Possession After Becoming a Jehovah's Witness, AuthorHouse, 2008, p. 241, ISBN: 9781438929996

This is a bit confusing because, in the second part of the quote, Russell begins to address Masons and their organization from a third-person position, and even states that "we all are... free and accepted Masons." That doesn't make sense because the audience he was addressing was not made up of Freemasons, so why would he say that they all (i.e. "we" meaning all the Russellites) were Freemasons? The point is that, without having more access to the full speech, we can't get more context, and so we can't tell if he spoke of himself as a "free and accepted Mason" in a literal or metaphorical sense.

After doing some more research, I found the International Bible Students book where Russell's speech was documented, and as I suspected, he was referring to himself and the listening audience as "free and accepted Masons" in the METAPHORICAL context, as can clearly be seen from his introduction:
"My topic for this afternoon, dear friends, is found in the Apostleís words, 'For the Temple of God is holy, which temple ye are.' As Christian people, Bible Students from all denominations, it would seem that we have something in our faith that is in sympathy and harmony with each denomination, the world over. Do our Presbyterian friends speak of the election? We more. Do our Methodist friends have the doctrine of free grace? We more. Do our Baptist friends understand the importance of baptism, to some extent? We more. Do our friends of the Christian denomination, and our Congregational friends, appreciate the great privileges of individuality in church government? We more. Do our Masonic friends understand something about the Temple, and being Knights Templars, and so on? We more. Do our Roman Catholic and Church of England friends believe in a Universal church? We more. "
-Charles T. Russell, "The Temple of God," Pastor Russell's Convention Discourses, International Bible Students Association, 1970, p. 359

When he says "I am a free and accepted Mason," and then says "That is their style of putting it... but not just after the style of our Masonic brethren," he's saying this in a wicked, ecumenical sense. Russell was not saying he was a member of any Masonic temple. Russell was saying that Masonry and the Watchtower were similar, but with different "styles," and that he believed the Watchtower Society had all the truth, whereas he argued the other religions only had little bits of the truth; thus, Russell was compaing the Watchtower with Freemasonry in the sense that he believed the Watchtower had more and better "truths" than the Freemasons, which is what he goes on to say:
"In other words, it would seem as though the message of God's Word has been more or less subdivided, and each denomination [i.e. Freemasonry was one of the denominations being referred to as defined in the first paragraph of his speech] has taken hold of a piece of the truth, and around that bit of truth has gathered a good deal that we think is erroneous. But we are glad they have that little bit of truth... The Lord intended to make one Church, and he intended that one Church should have not merely a little scrap of the truth, but all the truth. We are not finding fault with our neighbors and friends --not at all; for we remember we had very similar ideas, and not very long ago; but, without finding any fault with anybody, we are glad that we are coming to see a more reasonable and harmonious way, and, abandoning all church creeds and fences that so long have separated God's people, we come together upon the platform of the Bible, and everything that is in the Bible, and the Bible only. Is not that very happifying to us? Is not that what is bringing us so much blessing in the study of God's Word, as International Bible Students? It is."
-Charles T. Russell, "The Temple of God," Pastor Russell's Convention Discourses, International Bible Students Association, 1970, p. 359

As we read earlier, Russell also spoke of the Masons talking to him and saying they were surprised that he knew certain things about their secrets without having "access to our very highest logic." Russell, later in the speech, points that this is referring to his study in the Great Pyramid, which turned out to be false doctrine, and thus, he's also telling people that he did NOT learn those things about the Great Pyramid from Freemasons. (i.e. Most conpspiracy "ministries" and websites out there claim that the evidence of Russell being a Freemason is because he studied pyramidology, but the evidence in this speech shows that to be false.)

After all we have read, and all the lies we have seen coming from the Watchtower Society, I have found not reason to give credit to much of anything that comes from Jehovah's Witnesses, but at the very least, they have taken more efforts to search for evidence on this matter than most of these conspiracy "ministries" have. They contacted the Pennsylvania Masonic lodges to find any record of Russell's membership, and the following message was sent from the Masonic office:
"Charles Taze Russell was not a Pennsylvania Freemason. Nor does he appear in the records of England or Ireland."
(See Barbara Anderson, "C.T. Russell Was Never a Freemason," Watchtower Documents, retrieved Apr 11, 2017, [watchtowerdocuments.org/charles-taze-russell-was-not-a-pennsylvania-freemason])

Of course, the fanatics out there would claim this was a cover-up, and to be fair, perhaps it is; but where is the evidence for that? We Christians ought to avoid making claims on conjecture (i.e. an opinion without proper research), and remember that Freemasons, in most instances, love to have popular religious names associated with their organization because it encourages new membership and growth of their cult. The really sad part about this is that I've found more JWs doing actual research and investigation on this matter than I have these conspiracy websites out there because out of all the websites I visited who made the claim that Russell was a Freemason, I've yet to find one who backed up their claim with actual evidence.

The fact is that Russell was NOT a member of the Freemasons, but he WAS a friend and collegue to Freemasons, as he was a friend to Catholics and other various "denominations," because he was attempting an ecumenical unity in the sense that he wanted all people to come and be a part of his International Bible Students organization, which would later become JWs.

Russell also takes a lot of attack about something called "Miracle Wheat," and it seems like a lot of conspiracy websites are only giving half the truth about this subject. In a nutshell, Russell is generally given credit for discovering, naming, growing, and profiting off of "Miracle Wheat" through advertising in his magazine, making the claim that his "Miracle Wheat" was many times better than regular wheat and produced a lot more.

First of all, the Miracle Wheat was discovered by a Virginia farmer named K.B. Stoner, when he found one of the wheat plants in his crop had produced an amazing 142 heads of wheat from a single seed. According to the Watchtower, the seed has been grown in nursery and on the open field in subsequent years, and the alleged results were that the yield was two to three times greater than a normal wheat harvest. Russell did not discover the wheat, nor did he personally make a report about it; it was the Watchtower who reported it through a magazine that Russell owned. (See The Watch Tower, Mar 15, 1908, p. 86)

A few months later, the Watchtower reported results of growing experiments from Allen Adams in Idaho; that he was getting higher yields out of the Miracle Wheat variety. Later that year, the Watchtower released another issue which was exploring farmers who had discovered multi-headed wheat plants. (See The Watch Tower, July 15, 1908, p. 214; See also The Watch Tower, Oct 1, 1908, p. 291)

The problem is that by 1910, Russell began to comment on the Miracle Wheat in the Watchtower, claiming that it may be used in the coming age of the millenial reign of Christ (which, at the time, they believed was going to happen in 4 years), in a section called "Restitution Work Begun:"
"Referring to the 'times of restitution' of Messiahís reign the Prophet declares, 'The earth shall yield her increase.' (Ezek 34:27) Behold preparations for the fulfillment of this promise: About three years ago a Virginia farmer found one abnormal bunch of 120 stalks of wheat from one rootĖthe offspring of one grain of wheat. Under the name of 'miracle wheat' it is now being developed slowly in various partsĖthe average yield appears to be about 1,200 grains from one kernel. And this very year the same peculiarity in oats has been foundĖa bunch growing wild by the roadside. Additionally the same Divine providence is guiding our chemists to economical methods of extracting nitrogen from the atmosphere for the feeding of the soil and thus to the 'increase' of earthís blessings and in fulfillment of Godís promise that he will make the earth (his footstool) glorious."
(See The Watch Tower, Vol. XXXI, No. 17, Sept 1, 1910, p. 279, [pastorrussell.pl/dziela/reprinty/reprinty-1910/r4671-0-273-september-1-1910])

One of the things I want readers to take into consideration is that Russell was active during the 1874 failed prophecy, and that during this time, as well as the 1841 failed prophecy, a number of farmers refused to produce crops because they believed the end was just around the corner. This obviously caused a lot of problems and blowback when the prophecy was revealed to be a lie. The Miracle Wheat was a fantastic opportunity for Russell in the years before 1914, because when his prophecy would later be reaveled as a failure, it would soften the blowback because he could now convince farmers that they should grow the "Miracle Wheat" in preparation for the coming earthly kingdom of Christ.

On June 15, 1911, Russell's magazine published the offer of "Brother Bohnet," who offered to sell the Miracle Wheat grain and donate the proceeds to the Watchtower:
"Brother Bohnet writes us that he has gradually accumulated a crop of miracle wheat from the few grains he obtained as a start. He prefers that the first opportunity for obtaining this wheat shall go to THE WATCH TOWER readers. He will sell it for $1 per pound, including postage, and give the entire proceeds to our Society. All orders for this wheat should be addressed, Miracle Wheat Bohnet, 17 Hicks street, Brooklyn, N. Y. This will keep mail on this subject separate from his personal mail and from ours."
-The Watch Tower, June 15, 1911, p. 178, See also Brooklyn Daily Eagle, New York, Sept 25, 1911, p. 1

The conflict started when the Brooklyn Daily Eagle newspaper created and published a cartoon on the subject of the Watchtower's involvement in the same of Miracle What. (See image below.) This obviously struck a negative chord with the public concerning Russell and the Watchtower, so Russell responded with lawsuit against the Brooklyn Daily Eagle.
"The action is for damages for libel. [i.e. lying about something or someone in writing] The defendant is the publisher of a daily newspaper. The plaintiff professes to be an interpreter of the Bible, and is an unordained preacher. The libel alleged was published in a cartoon. The headline of the cartoon is 'Easy Money Puzzle.' In the cartoon is shown a building on which is printed 'Onion Bank.' The figure of a man appears at the door of the building. He is represented as saying: 'You're wasting time. Come on in here.' In the foreground is an effigy of the plaintiff, portrayed as carrying a small package. There is this subscription: 'If Pastor Russell can get a collar a pound for Miracle Wheat, what could he have got for Miracle Stocks and Bonds as a director in the old Union Bank?' Contemporaneously with the publication, the Union Bank had defaulted in payment of deposits. Its failure was by the press attributed to the infidelity, inefficiency, and unlawful acts of several of its officers. They were charged with purchasing with the depositors' money bogus securities at fictitious prices from co-conspirators. A violent denunciatory newspaper campaign, in which the defendant prominently participated, was being waged against the officers. The plaintiff's plea was that the defendant's purpose was falsely to charge him with dishonest and fraudulent practices in disposing to his
disciples, to their loss, of a grade of wheat, known as Miracle Wheat, at $1 per pound. The defendant pleaded the truth in justification. The learned trial court charged the jury that the publication was libelous, and left it to them to say whether the defense was established. The jury rendered a verdict for the defendant."
-New York Supplement, "Russell v. Brooklyn Daily Eagle," Vol. 153, West Publishing Company, 1915, p. 451

To clarify the cartoon, in case you did not understand the above quotation, Union Bank was involved in a list of illegal activities, which can be simply summed up as theft through lies. The cartoon writes "Onion Bank" instead of "Union Bank" as a joke that if you peel back the layers, there is a strong odor inside. The cartoon is suggesting that Russell, depicted holding a package of Miracle Wheat seeds would have been much more successful if he joined forces with the extortioners from the Union Bank.

There were two major problems with Russell's lawsuit, the first being that Russell had already told his readers that the "Miracle Wheat" was a fulfillment of prophecy, which would adhere them to the sale of it. Although it was the individual farmer selling the wheat, the profits were publically promised to Russell's Watchtower, so the end of the money trail was Russell. The second problem is that U.S. Commercial Bushel Sizes for wheat is 60 lbs, which means the "Miracle Wheat" was being sold at $60 a bushel (plus shipping and handling), which wouldn't have been a problem if the claims about the wheat were true, but the jury found the defendant's (i.e. Brooklyn Daily Eagle's) witnesses quite persuasive:
"J.C. Jube, superintendent of the Hecker flour mills in Manhattan, was shown a sample of 'Miracle' wheat. He sent for his head miller, who examined the 'divine' grain with great interest. Then the head miller disappeared and returned later with a sample package of No. 2 Red. soft winter wheat. In appearance it was the same as the 'Miracle' wheat, and Superintendent Forbes said he would stake his reputation as a wheat man for years that the wheat the head miller brought in--it sells at 95 cents a bushel--was just as good as the 'Miracle' brand. Both wheats were grown in Ohio. The 'Miracle' wheat was first grown in Pennsylvania, according to Pastor Russell. Brother Bohnet's contributed grains were grown in Ohio and Brother Femming's in Indiania [sic]. The best wheat, according to grain experts, comes from none of these States, but from the Northwest and Canada. According to Dr. John C. Olsen, the Polytechnic Institute chemist and an authority on pure foodstuffs, it is not prossible [sic] to take the best Pennsylvania grain, plant it in Ohio and then have Pennsylvania quality grow. The result will be Ohio quality, for climate and soil will be determining factors. Dr. Ilson [sic] does not see, accordingly, how 'Miracle' wheat grown in comparatively poor wheat soil of an Eastern State can have extraordinary qualities when planted in also comparatively poor wheat soil this side of the region where the country's best wheat is grown."
-Brooklyn Daily Eagle, "Paintiff's Exhibit 12: Still better Chance to Make $59.05 Profit," New York, Sept 25, 1911, p. 1

At worst, Russell was a liar and extortion, and at best, he was a fool who didn't do his research; either way, this didn't make him look very good, and the jury found the newspaper innocent on all counts. The Rural New-Yorker published a short article on the matter, and summed it up fairly well:
"About a year ago the Brooklyn pastor undertook to sell 'Miracle' wheat through the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society, an organization which, it is said, he personally controlled. It is said that the circulars prophesied a famine for the year 1914 and predicted a sale of the 'Miracle' wheat at $60 a bushel, and the Brooklyn Eagle published a cortoon ridiculing the pastor and his what proposition, and the pastor sued the paper for $100,000 damages, alleging that the cartoon and the paragraphs referring to it had put him in the class with financial crooks. The attorney for the defense, in summing the case, alleged that the followers of Pastor Russell had been made to believe that everything he wrote was gospel truth and they rose for it like feish for a minnow, but as soon as the cartoon and articles about it were printed in the Eagle the sales stopped short. We have no information to show the intent of Mr. Russell in the sale of the 'Miracle' wheat. It is possible that he was misled by the claims presented for it by other promoters, and that he was innocent of any intentional deception on his own part, but after having promoted the 'Miracle' wheat he was certainly badly advised in brining a suit against the publication that sought to protect its readers,"
-Rural New-Yorker, Rural Publishing Company, Vol. 72, 1913, p. 238

So to clear up the misconceptions, Russell did not personally sell the "Miracle Wheat," but his organization did, and he profited from it. Russell did not grow the wheat, nor did he name it "Miracle Wheat;" that name had been floating around in the media for some time, but it was never picked up by any prominent wheat farmer or seller because it was found to be nothing more than regular wheat. I also want to state very clearly the following fact: If Russell had any concern for the wellfare of his congregation and readers, he would have never allowed his organization to charge people 60 times the normal value of wheat, and the reason he accepted those prices that were set by that farmer was because Russell was blinded by dollar signs.

For the love of money is the root of all evil: which while some coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows.
-1 Timothiy 6:10

Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye make clean the outside of the cup and of the platter, but within they are full of extortion [i.e. taking advantage of people for money] and excess [i.e. overabundance for personal desire of money or material things].
-Matthew 23:25

The next issue I want to address is the accusation of Russell being a racist, or in more general terms, the Watchtower being a racist organization. As far as I have seen in the documentation I've read, the Russellites and JWs never rejected any person of different skin color or nationality, which is why I found the racist accusation coming from so many websites and videos online to be a bit confusing. In a nutshell, we will dispel some false accusations and cherry-picked quotes commonly used by websites and online videos, but also show some of the racist remarks that do appear in some of Russell's publications.

One of the most commonly cited quotes comes from a Watchtower article from 1900:
"[R]eading matter distributed to a colored congregation would more than half of it be utterly wasted, and a very small percentage indeed likely to yield good results."
-Watchtower, Apr 15, 1900, p. 122

If we just read this sentence, we would be led to conclude that the Watchtower was a racist organization. However, this is another cherry-picked quote, and in the interest of fairness, I'd like to publish more of the article so we can get a context:
"There are probably as many as a hundred colored brethren on the Watch Tower lists, some of them very clear in the truth, and very earnest in its service, financially and otherwise. We have received letters from several of these, who had intended engaging in the volunteer work, expressing surprise that in the call for volunteers in the March 1st issue we restricted the inquiry to white Protestant churches. They rightly realized that we have not the slightest of race prejudice, and that we love the colored brethren with just the same warmth of heart that we love the white, and they queried therefore why such a distinction should be made in the call. The reason is that so far as we are able to judge, colored people have less education than whites - many of them quite insufficient to permit them to profit by such reading as we have to give forth. Our conclusion therefore is based upon the supposition that reading matter distributed to a colored congregation would more than half of it be utterly wasted, and a very small percentage indeed likely to yield good results."
-Watchtower, Apr 15, 1900, p. 122

First of all, if there were a hundred black men and women in the organization, then you can't say they're full-on racists, otherwise, they would never have been allowed to join. This publication was addressing those black members' concern of why they were requested to hand out the materials only to the white churches, but not the black ones, and their answer was simply that the black communities (at that time) were often not getting the literary education they would need to read the material for themselves, meaning that the Watchtower would be wasting resources, so to save time and money, they generally avoided the black churches. This was not a racist motivation, but rather, an effort to use the resources more sparingly because they costed money to produce, and I would also add that nowhere in this publication did they give an order not to TALK to the black people; they just requested their members not to hand them materials so to cut down on costs.

As someone who prints and hands out materials, I can completely understand that point of view; meaning, I would not want to hand out materials if they would be wasted. However, the real racial superiority complex of Russell and the Watchtower shows it self in articles like this:
"While it is true that the white race exhibits some qualities of superiority over any other, we are to remember that there are wide differences in the same Caucasian (Semitic and Aryan) family; and also we should remember that some of the qualities which have given this branch of the human family its preeminence [i.e. virtuous superiority] in the world are not such as can be pointed to as in all respects admirable... The secret of the greater intelligence and aptitude of the Caucasian undoubtedly in great measure is to be attributed to the commingling of blood amongst its various branches [i.e. he believes righteousness and virtue are based on breeding]; and this was evidently forced in large measure by circumstances under divine control [i.e. God made white people breed in the correct way to be morally superior to blacks]... Noah declared, prophetically, that Ham's [descedent of the black Africans] characteristics which had led him to unseemly conduct disrespectful to his father, would be found cropping out later, inherited by his son, and prophetically he foretold that this degeneracy would mark the posterity of Canaan, degrading him, making him servile. We are not able to determine to a certainty that the sons of Ham and Canaan are the negroes; but we consider that general view as probable as any other."
-Watchtower, July 15, 1902, p. 215-216

There isn't any room for interpreatation here; Russell made it VERY clear that he believed that morality comes from breeding and genetics, that the blacks were genetically predisposed to be delinquents, and that whites were genetically predisposed to be virtuous. That's clear racist bigotry, and it was based on common teaching that was floating around at that time (mostly thanks to the church of Evolutionism).
(Read "Evolution: A New-Age Religion" here at creationliberty.com for more details.)

I've read some online articles from authors defending Russell, claiming that he did not make a racist statement here, and pointed out that prior to this statement, he said that blacks where fit for the "Royal Priesthood." I read it, and I understand what he was saying, but that does not negate the statement we just read. Russell believed that blacks had genetic difficulties in doing good works, and in his Golden Age magazine (later renamed Awake!), he published an article by Joseph P. Samak, which says:
"The farmers of Czecho-Slovakia do 'crossing' work also. Once I remember they obtained unusually large potatoes, fifteen or twenty from one seed; but big as they were they proved unfit for human beings and were used to feed animals. They were hybrids--nothing else; and although they were large in size the middle of the potato was empty or filled with bad-smelling water. From my experience with these hybrids I believe that when 'the earth shall yield its increase' it will come along different lines than the 'crossing' of plants. Large fruits can be raised by crossing, but not always of value. Even in the case of the human family, if the father and mother are of different races the children are sometimes unfit for brain work. Wonderful are the fixed laws of God."
-Joseph P. Samak, "Agriculture and Husbandry," The Golden Age, Jan 7, 1920, p. 246

Decades later, the magazine was still publishing these ideas:
"South Africa's whole color policy is conditioned by this fact and this fear: 80 per cent of her population is black; if the color bar is breached, what new dike can stop a black flood from overflowing and destroying the civilisation with which white man have displaced the wilderness?"
-Awake!, "Race Problems and Policies in South Africa: A Mulitiracial Society Gropes After a Formula for Racial Peace," Oct 8, 1953, p. 6

The Watchtower has changed its tune over the years and started writing articles that supported more interracial marriage and racial equality, but this was only because of politics. These cults, like JWs and Mormons, always do the same thing; they go whichever way the wind is blowing, and their true foundation for belief and teaching is not the Almighty God, but rather it's the political sway of the country they live in at the time.

That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, and cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive;
-Ephesians 4:14

The Bible does not promote racisim in any way, and for the Watchtower to claim at one time the Bible taught people with black skin were less moral than white people, and then turn around and teach the opposite a few decades later, shows clear evidence they are not following the Word of God in the first place. God doesn't change; people do, and the cult is simply trying to appease the masses.

The bottom line is that Charles Russell was no more racist or non-racist than many people in that day who believed the Evolutionism being spread about racial traits in connection to intelligence and/or virtue. Though Russell was not an evolutionist, there are aspects of Evolutionism that Russell did accept, and it's the same aspect that the German Nazis accepted:
"Now tell me, Do not these facts prove that divine providence has had much to do with the progress and direction of the lamp of truth?--Are they not a manifestation of divine election or selection? Mark you, I am following the hypothesis presented in MILLENNIAL DAWN, that the non-elect and non-enlightened are similarly and proportionately uncondemned. Nor am I claiming in this that God is a respecter of persons. It is quite another thing that God may have been, nay, evidently has been, a respecter of races, and has specially blessed and favored certain branches of the Aryan race in Europe and America. But the fact, that the white race has been more abundantly blessed with the light of the Gospel than others, is not to be understood to signify that when members of other races heard and appreciated the Gospel, they were rpulsed or rejected by the Lord. This view is in full harmony with that suggestion that God is no respecter of persons, but that 'In every land he that feareth God and worketh righteousness is accepted of him.' In harmony with this, the author of MILLENNIAL DAWN holds that, while the elect Church will probably be composed chiefly of the highly favored white race, nevertheless, it will probably have in it representatives out of 'every kindred, people and tongue.'"
-Golden Age, Oct 15, 1919, p. 44; See also Charles T. Russell, The Bible Versus the Evolution Theory, Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society, 1898, p. 30-31, [University of Michigan]

Following the logic of their doctrine, Russell's belief that people with different shades of skin color (i.e. other than white) would be prone to iniquity, it would mean that Jehovah God would have to do something about it in the newly restored kingdom on earth during Christ's reign. Russell believe that the white people followed God, while the black people didn't, therefore, the white people are the domination "race" of the church's elect. Without any Scriptural backing, their solution to this is that their Jehovah God would turn the black people into white people to "cure" them of their immoral behavior, even though this would only be a small minority of saved people.

"Can the Ethiopian change his skin? We answer, No. But all will admit that what the Ethiopian cannot do for himself God could readily do for him. The difference between the races of men and the differences between their languages have long been arguments against the solidarity of the human family. The doctrine of restitution has also raised the question. How could all men be brought to perfection and which color of skin was the original? The answer is now provided. God can change the Ethiopian's skin in his own due time. Prof. H. A. Edwards, Supt. of Schools in Slater, Mo., has written for the public press an elaborate description of how Julius Jackson, of New Frankfort, Mo., a negro boy of nine years, began to grow white in September, 1901, and is now fully nine-tenths white. He assures us that this is no whitish skin disease; but that the new white skin is as healthy as that of any white boy, and that the changed boy has never been sick and never has taken medicines. Realizing that his story would be doubted, he interested Dr. F. A. Howard, chief division surgeon of the Chicago and Alton Ry., who corroborates the statement in the following published extract from a letter: 'I am obliged to you for an opportunity of seeing and examining the negro child, Julius Jackson. I found his heart action, respiration and temperature perfectly normal and his mental faculties seem acute for one of his age. The white skin now covering at least 90 percent of his body is, so far as I am able to judge, in full possession of all its organs and those organs seem to be performing their natural functions--no roughness, chalky, or ashen appearance is present. It seems to me that the conditions warrant your opinion--the change is certainly caused by chemical conditions of the blood."
-Watchtower, Feb 15, 1904, p. 52-53

Before anyone thinks these are just tall tales from Russellite fanatics, this is actually a medical condition that is been documented somewhat thoroughly over the past century. Although rare, there are black people who have slowly turned white over the course of months or years, and it is a skin condition called "vitiligo."

One of the most well-known cases of vitiligo was musician/dancer Michael Jackson. Rumors spread so widely about him having so much plastic surgery, many people thought he had some special surgery to turn himself white, but he was actually diagnosed with vitiligo. I am somewhat surprised that Jehovah's Witnesses didn't jump on this (perhaps they did, and I am unaware) because Michael Jackson, according to Jet magazine, was a "God-fearing Jehovah's Witness who credits religion for his rise to music's mountaintop."
(See Jet, "The Jackson Family Talk About Michael," Vol. 66, No. 3, p. 56, ISSN: 0021-5996; Click image for larger view; It's a lie that Jackson was God-fearing; he ended up in hell for his rejection of Christ.)

Below are some before/after photos to view of random people who have gone through the transition of having black skin to white skin. It is not contagious, nor is there anything harmful about it; it's simply a condition in which skin cells that normally produce melanin stop function, and over time, as the skin cells die and are replaced, the melanin that made the skin black will disappear, leaving the skin white.
(Click image for larger view.)

The point is that Russell believed that all will be white in Jehovah's kingdom because black skin represents sin or sinful behavior. This is obviously absurd, but I'm just showing you what he believed and taught.

In the early part of 1914 (i.e. the year he had predicted the end would come), Russell had prepared a photodrama theatre to preach his message, but the ratio of whites to blacks was about 4 to 1, and since the majority of whites did not want to be seated with blacks in the viewing room, Russell chose to segregate the viewings. After giving hypocritical, illogical, and unbiblical reasonings for this decision, the Watchtower assured everyone that, one day, all the corrupt blacks would become good whites:
"We reminded one dear sister that the Lord enjoins humility, and assures us that unless we humble ourselves we shall not be exalted. If nature favors the colored brethren and sisters in the exercise of humility it is that much to their advantage, if they are rightly exercised by it. A little while, and our humility will work out for our good. A little while, and those who shall have been faithful to their Covenant of Sacrifice will be granted new bodies, spiritual, beyond the veil, where color and sex disctinctions will be no more. A little while, and the Millennial kingdom will be inaugurated, which will bring restitution to all mankind--restitution to the perfection of mind and body, feature and color, to the grand original standard, which God declared 'very good,' and which was lost for a time through sin, but which is soon to be restored by the powerful kingdom of Messiah."
-Watch Tower, Apr 1, 1914, p. 106

Taking Russell's entire belief system that we have read from the past few quotations, the elimination of color "to the grand original standard," would mean that the blacks, who he believed were genetically predisposed to sin, would be restored to their original "white" state. As a side note, I also want to point out that Russell was referencing to the point God said everything was "very good," which was at the end of His creating mankind, and that includes woman, so for Russell to say that "sex distinctions will be no more," makes absolutely no sense unless he believes that everyone would become white males in Jehovah's kingdom. (Remember that according to JWs, only 144,000 go to heaven, so the majority will have earthly bodies and live on earth; for his statement to be true, all would have to become white males in Jehovah's kingdom.)

Russell also believed and taught strange medical doctrines; one of them being phrenology. Phrenology is the believe that the study of the shape and size of one's head gives details that indicate the level of one's intellect and moral awareness:
"Without claiming that phrenology has reached a perfection of development--without claiming that any has learned to read accurately from the shape of the human skull the various traits of character therein represented, even while admitting that such a reading of character might be defective, and particularly so with those whose characters have been transformed by the renewing of their mind through the begettal of the holy Spirit--nevertheless we may admit that phrenology so far as understood fully corroborates the picture given us in the arrangement of the Tabernacle of Israel surrounded by the camp. If we imagine the human skull as spread out flat, we find that the central part would correspond to the Tabernacle and its court; for in the very center of the head on top lies spirituality, and directly in front of it lies veneration [i.e. reverence, or the highest degree of respect]. The latter organ would correspond well to the court, the former to the holy. As to enter the holies it was necessary to pass through the court, so to enter into a proper heart-appreciation of the spiritual things it is necessary that wenter in through veneration, reverence for God, which ewill lead us to worship him and to seek to know and to do his will.
Surrounding these two central organs are others which correspond well to the different divisions of the tribe of Levi--the sacred tribe devoted to the service of God in the court and in the Tabernacle. These organs represent faith, hope, benevolence, conscientiousness, firmness, etc., and then outside of these again come the various organs of the mind, which have to do more particularly with earthly things. These, useful and valuable in themselves, all need to be controlled and guided from the center. Even as the in the camp of Israel, the center, the Tabernacle, was not controlled by the tribes, but the tribes were controlled and guided from the Tabernacle. Thus all the talents and qualities of mind and body which we possess, and which are all represented in our brains, are all to be subject to and guided by our reverence for God and our spiritual perception of his will concerning us, which will is to be expressed primarily through the intermediary organs of benevolence, faith, hope, conscience, etc."

-Zion's Watch Tower, "The Tabernacle of Meeting," July 15, 1907, p. 217

This means that Russell believed that morality came from genetic traits, which supports what we read earlier about his conclusions concerning morality and racial traits. He believed certain people were born with natural brain power to be good people, and others did not have the full capability of being good; of course, he believed himself to be among those with the correct color of skin and shape of head to be at the forefront of holiness, but Russell was trying to justify that he was a specimen fit for godliness.

These things hast thou done, and I kept silence; thou thoughtest that I was altogether such an one as thyself: but I will reprove thee, and set them in order before thine eyes.
-Psalm 50:21

Another strange medical belief was that appendicitis was cured by santonin, which is a drug that saw some use in Russell's day for parasites. Santonin has fallen out of medical use because of its dangers; including xanthopsia, or "yellow vision," which causes a person to see primarily yellow colors, and in some cases, taking santonin could be fatal if not regulated carefully. Russell recommended its use every morning until the symptoms of appendicitis disappeared:
"It is known that only about three out of every one hundred operated upon for appendicitis really have a diseased appendix needing removal. We give below a simple cure for appendicitis symptoms. The pain in the appendix region is caused by the biting of worms near the junction of the transverse colon with the small intestines, low down on the right side of the abdomen. This remedy is recommended also for typhoid fever, which is also a worm disease. The medicine is Santonine: dose, 3 grains, an hour before breakfast; repeated for four mornings, or until all the symptoms disappear. Then one dose per month for three months to eradicate all germs. This recipe is of incalculable value. Not only will it save the surgeon's and hospital fees of perhaps $200, but it saves weeks of ill health, inconvenience, convalescence and loss of salary."
-Watchtower, "Cure for Appendicitis," Vol. 33, No. 2, Jan 15, 1912, p. 26

I have no clue where Russell got the information that 99.7% of all appendix surgeries were unnecessary, but the strange part about it is that 19th century medical journals did recommend 3 grains every morning for about a week, but only for worms, NOT appendicitis. Also, this remedy was NOT intended for people, but rather it was for parasites in dogs and farm animals specifically; based on the side effects I've read about for people, I doubt it is good for animals either, and it is sure to kill a lot of the good bacterial flora in your gut, which will weaken your overall immune system.
(See Charles L. Flint, American Farming and Stock Raising, Vol. 3, Casselberry, 1892, p. 1556, [University of Wisconsin - Madison])

Russell also advertised a "cure" for "surface cancer" (i.e. likely he meant visible tumors on the skin) that he did not disclose, nor did he want anyone to talk about:
"Cancer troubles are becoming more numerous. We know of no remedy for internal cancers except surgery. Even then a cure is doubtful. We have recently learned of a very effective and simple remedy for cancers which show themselves on the surface of the body. We are informed that a physician, after testing this remedy, paid $1,000 for the information, and that he has established a Cancer Hospital which is doing good work. The recipe has come to us free and we are willing to communicate the formula, but to those only who are troubled with surface cancers and who will write to us directly, stating particulars. No fee will be charged, but in order to protect the sufferers, we require a promise that they will not sell the formula to others, nor receive pay for the use of it, nor communicate the formula to anybody. Any one known to be a sufferer can be informed of the terms on which the prescription is obtainable through us."
-Watchtower, July 1, 1913, p. 194

Once again, the Brooklyn Daily Eagle did a little investigation and found the truth about Russell's claims:
"Yet more unpleasant notoriety was aroused by Russell's sponsoring of a 'cancer cure,' which on analysis was revealed as being nothing other than a caustic paste of chloride of zinc. Unfortunately the 'cure' was not only ineffective but definitely harmful, so that some unfortunate sufferers may have had their end hastened by its application."
-Boston Daily Eagle, quoted by Royston Pike, Jehovah's Witnesses: Who They Are, What They Teach, What They Do, Watts, 1954, p. 16-17, [University of Wisconsin - Madison]

As a side note, a few years after Russell's death, the Watchtower told its readers that grapes cure cancer:
"Don't use ANY other food while on the 'Grape Cure' diet: you will only cause yourself (and perhaps others) trouble by so doing. DON'T do it... In case of internal cancer or cancer that has not become active, it has been found very effective... to begin taking a small of grapes every two hours or so throughout the day, not using over two pounds a day for the first day or two, gradually increasing the quantity for a week up to not over four pounds a day. Continue the diet as long as the case requires, or until the patient grows too weak. Many continue without breaking away from the diet for six weeks or longer... While the cancer is active and suppurating, the pulp of the grape may be made into a poultice and renewed as frequently as indicated. This poultice will eat its way down into the foreign mass, not injuring normal cells and tissues, however... We suggest changing from one variety of grapes to another, when convenient, although the dark-skinned varieties seem to be the best. But even the little green hot-house grape is better than none to arrest the progress of cancer till another grape season comes in."
-The Golden Age, May 29, 1929, p. 563; See also Diane Wilson, Awakening of a Jehovah's Witness: Escape from the Watchtower Society, Prometheus Books, 2002, p. 207, ISBN: 9781573929424

There is a real cure for cancer, and we have a teaching on that subject. The difference between the Watchtower and our website is that we provide very specific details on what it is, where it comes from, the science behind how it works, the laboratory testing that's proven it, and some of the thousands of eye-witness testimonies that it works; however, JWs have carried on Russell's tradition of basing things on conjecture rather than research.
(Read "The Cure for Cancer" here at creationliberty.com for more details.)

Russell had inappropriate relationships with young women apart from his wife (i.e. adultery). The Brooklyn Daily Eagle documented the court transcript of Russell's wife Maria giving her testimony during the court trial of their divorce in 1906; the following concerns Russell's interaction with his secretary Rose Ball:
"Q: I want you to tell us what your husband did in company with this woman Rose, in your presence and in your home.
A: In the first place I considered it-- (objected to and witness was not permitted to finish)
Q: Tell us what you saw and what he said was done.
A: One evening he spent the evening downstairs and our library and bedroom were next to each other upstairs on the second floor, and I spent the evening downstairs reading, and I went upstairs about 10 o'clock to my room, and I supposed that: he was either in the library or had retired, and when I went up there I found that he was in neither place, and I stepped out in the hall, and I found that he was in his night robe, sitting beside Miss Ball's bed and she was in bed. On other occasions I found him going in there and I found she called him in and said she wasn't well and wanted him in, and I objected to this, and I said that it was highly improper, and I said: 'We have people about the house, and what kind of a name will be attached in this house if you do that sort of thing?' and he got angry.
Q: You state that you found him doing this at other times. How often after that?
A: I found him a number of times; I don't remember how often.
Q: In her room?
A: Yes, sir. And I found him in the servant girl's room as well. and I found him locked in the servant girl's room.
Q: Did he make any explanation why he was in the girl's room?
A: No. He did not; he just got angry.
Q: What did you say to him about this conduct and what did he say.
A: I said to him, 'We have a great work on our hands,' and I said, 'In this work you and I have to walk very circumspectly before the world and if you are going to do things like this, what will happen? Suppose you are all right, don't you suppose people will talk about things like this?' and I said, 'I am not satisfied with it,' and he said he wasn't going to be ruled by me. But I felt distressed about that.
Q: What did Rose do at the Watch Tower.
A: She attended to the correspondence.
Q: Where was her desk with reference to the desk of Mr. Russell of the Watch Tower Society?
A: It wasn't near his; it was in the office.
Q: When would he go to the Watch Tower, in the morning?
A: I don't remember; he generally went down alone.
Q: Who would return with him?
A: She came with him in the evening and they came about 11 o'clock and the young men that were in the office -- she was the only girl, and the young men would go home, and he wouldn't allow her to go home with them, and she must wait and always go with him.
(Objected to.) Q: I want the mere fact, did this girl Rose go home with your husband?
A: Yes, Sir.
Q: What year was that?
A: In the fall of 1894. (By Mr. Porter, attorney for the plaintiff.)
Q: Did you state to your husband at this meeting any endearing terms?
A: Yes, sir.
Q: What were they?
A: I said 'She tells me that one evening you came home --' I asked her when did these things occur. I said to him, 'She says they occurred down at the office when she stayed down there with him in the evening after the rest had gone, and at home at any time when I wasn't around.'
Q: Now, about the endearing terms?
A: She said one evening when she came home with him, just as she got inside the hall, it was late in the evening, about 11 o'clock, he put his arms around her and kissed her. This was in the vestibule before they entered the hall, and he called her his little wife, but she said 'I am not your wife.' and he said 'I will call you daughter, and a daughter has nearly all the privileges of a wife.'
Q: What other terms were used?
A: Then he said, 'I am like a jellyfish. I float around here and there. I touch this one and that one, and if she responds I take her to me, and if not, I float on to others'; and she wrote that out so that I could remember it for sure when I would speak to him about it. And he confessed that he said those things.
Q: And the young men came home ahead of them?
A: Yes, sir.
Q: State to the court and jury what talk, if any, you had with this girl Rose, in regard to her relations with your husband, which you communicated to your husband? (This question was objected to and it was changed to read as follows)
Q: You are to tell what you stated to your husband that Rose had said and his reply to you.
A: I told him that I had learned something that was very serious and I didn't tell him right away. I let a day elapse until I felt I had control of myself and could talk and then I told him that I had something very serious to tell him about this matter, and he said, 'What is it?' and I said, 'Rose has told me that you have been intimate with her, that you have been in the habit of hugging and kissing her and having her sit on your knee and fondling each other, and she tells me you bid her under no account to tell me, but she couldn't keep it any longer. She said if I was distressed about it she felt that she would have to come and make a confession to me, and she has done that.'
Q: What did he say?
A: He tried to make light of it at first and I said, 'Husband, you can't do that. I know the whole thing. She has told me straight and I know it to be true.' Well, he said he was sorry; it was true, but he was sorry. He said he didn't mean any harm. I said, 'I don't see how you could do an act like that without meaning harm.'"

-Brooklyn Daily Eagle, "Girl Kissed Pastor and Sat on His Knee," Oct 29, 1911

Rose Ball never made it to the witness stand because she traveled to Australia. However, the Watchtower to this day defends Russell by quoting his response to these accusations in the Watchtower magazine that Rose was a young girl when she first started working for them, between the ages of 10-13 (according to him), and he claimed it was agreed upon by Maria that Rose would be "treated as an adopted daughter."
(See M. James Penton, Apocalypse Delayed: The Story of Jehovah's Witnesses, University of Toronto Press, 2015, ISBN: 9781442669611)

The fact is that Russell lied because Rose Ball was born on March 19, 1869, which would have made her 19-years-old when she came to live with the Russells and work for them in 1888. The events spoken of in the trial happened in 1894, which would have made her 25 years old at the time. Furthermore, Russell's testimony about her being a little girl conflicts with the fact that in 1894, Ball was one of the directors of Zion's Watch Tower Society; her name was listed as one of the directors more than once in the April 1894 issue.
(See M. James Penton, Apocalypse Delayed: The Story of Jehovah's Witnesses, University of Toronto Press, 2015, ISBN: 9781442669611)

The court never charged Russell with adultery, but the jury did grant Maria Russell a legal separation on the grounds of cruelty. The legal definition of cruelty, roughly stated, is intentional and malicious infliction of mental and/or physical suffering of persons or animals that spans over a length of time. Without Rose Ball's testimony on the stand (which she likely did not want to give due to public embarrassment and left the country), there was no way to prove Russell's adultery in this case, although it was fairly obvious due to the very specific nature of Maria's testimony, and the fact that Charles lied about it.

Some readers may be confused as to how Russell got charged with cruelty based on Maria's testimony about her husband's interaction with Ball, but that's only part of the trial. There were various trials between Charles and Maria that took place between 1903 and 1909. Charles was the first to propose to Maria a separation as early as 1895, and there were many other things he was guilty of doing to her. The following is documented and published by the Brooklyn Daily Eagle: "Surprise has been expressed here by those who know Pastor Russell at the assertions contained in the last issue of the People's Pulpit [referring to the above quotation of the trial], of which many copies are being circulated in this city. One feature of this issue is Pastor Russell's explanation of his trouble with his wife. He makes in this issue the same charges against his wife for which the Superior Court of Pennsylvania has declared there was not a syllable of justification in the evidence which Pastor Russell presented in court in his vain endeavor to prevent his wife from getting a separation. Some of the specific statements about Mrs. Russell in Pastor Russell's paper, which have aroused comment here, read as follows: 'She came under the influence of what is popularly known as "Woman's Rights," and, because she could not have her own way and write what she chose for the columns of my journal, The Watch Tower, she endeavored to coerce me and took one step after another, apparently determined that, if she could not coerce, she would crush and destroy my life and influence.'"
-Brooklyn Daily Eagle, "Pastor Russell Silent to His Wife For Months," Oct 31, 1911

I want to pause here for a moment and make sure readers understand that he is attempting to justify himself by accusing her of being a feminist. He claims she was just part of the "Woman's Rights" movement and lied about him. Although the Women's Liberation movement was a blight on this country, Russell lumped her in with them as an excuse to save himself public humiliation, loss of personal property, and loss of profits on his magazine.
(Read "Feminism: Satan's Plan to Destroy Your Family" here at creationliberty.com for more details.)

The article goes on to point out that due to Russell's history of deception, his claims were "not convincing." Congressman Stephen Porter was Maria's lawyer during the trials, and he said:
"The testimony clearly shows that the relations between libellant (Mrs. Russell) and respondent (Pastor Russell) had become somewhat strained prior to the year 1896, about which time respondent ceased speaking to his wife, and holding all his communications with her by letter. His letter to her of July 8, 1896, may be fairly considered the key to this case, as it shows respondent's notions of marital life, and his treatment of his wife is in harmony with the spirit of that letter. In the letter he states (Exhibit 3): 'I am convinced that our difficulty is a growing one generally; that it is a great mistake for strong-minded men and women to marry. If they will marry, the strong-minded had far better marry such as are not too intellectual and high spirited, for there never can, in the nature of things, be peace under present time conditions where the two are on an equality.' Later in the letter he states: 'For the past three years you have been cruelly forcing upon me the evidence that we both erred when we married; that we are not adapted to each other. The last month has fastened this conviction upon me much against my will.' While professing at all times to be guided by the Word of God the undisputed evidence is that he would sulk for weeks at a time and not speak to his wife, and would resort to the pen [written letters only] to have any communications with her; instead of approaching her personally to try to secure reconciliation of their differences and praying with her as a godly man would have done, he went about among her associates and told them she was under the hypnotic influence of Satan in the form of her sister, who was his father's second wife. It will be noted here that Mr. Russell in this letter of July 8, 1896, in stating his conviction that they made a mistake in getting married, and that that conviction had been growing on him for three years, which would make it begin in 1893. The dispute about the editorship of the paper began in 1896; therefore it could not have been the dispute about the same that forced the conviction upon Mr. Russell that their marriage was a mistake, and which conviction he says had been growing on him for three years."
-Brooklyn Daily Eagle, "Pastor Russell Silent to His Wife For Months," Oct 31, 1911

In a nutshell, Russell had been heavily considering separating from his wife for years before anything happened between him and Rose Ball. Russell had claimed the conflict began in 1896, but his own letters contradict his court testimony. Russell's disdain for Maria was made clear as more evidence was presented:
"To this, libellant testified, was added nagging and cutting sarcasm. 'You are my wife only in a legal sense' (Exhibit 14, page 6), and by stating to her: 'A wife has no rights which a husband is bound to respect,' and calling her a blasphemer, as testified by libellant in describing a scene that occurred in the Watch Tower office, where the respondent took her by the arm and forcibly ejected her with the statement: 'Get out of here, you blasphemer.' This is not contradicted by the respondent; in fact, it might be said that the case is somewhat remarkable for the great number of failures to contradict the libellant by respondent when he had amply opportunity to do so."
-Brooklyn Daily Eagle, "Pastor Russell Silent to His Wife For Months," Oct 31, 1911

Or in other words, Russell was remaining silent on the matter because he didn't have an excuse. His attitude towards his wife is best summed up with the following incidents:
"Another incident in the fall of 1896, to which libellant testified, and was uncontradicted, by the respondent was: When leaving home for the far West she helped him get ready, and then putting her hand on his arm, she said: 'Husband, you are going far away. There are lots of railroad accidents, and we might never meet again. Surely, you don't want to leave your wife in this cold, indifferent way.' In reply, he pushed her back, slammed the door in her face, and departed on his journey. Again, libellant testifies, that in the latter part of December, 1896, she was taken sick with a severe form of erysipelas [also known as red skin or St. Anthony's fire, it is a skin bacterial infection that can be lethal if not treated]. When she had been ill for about two weeks respondent went to New York, was gone nearly a week, and when he returned he did not so much as enter that sick room and see his wife; but after taking his breakfast in their apartments, he goes to his office and remains until night, and then between 9 and 10 o'clock goes to the sick room, not to comfort and cheer; but to order libellant out of the room. As a direct result of this treatment, libellant testifies, and it is not denied, that she was thrown into a violent fever that night and a heavy backset followed. The erysipelas, which had been confined to head and face, thereafter involved the whole person, and was most distressing and dangerous. Even if defendant did attend to her himself at nights when at home, in preference to hiring a competent nurse, it is evident from the testimony of libellant that he did not do it in a way becoming to a kind husband, for libellant testifies that in the midst of a nervous chill he told her himself that it was a judgment of God upon her, and that if she could not control her nerves he would leave her alone, for it was not his duty to attend to her."
-Brooklyn Daily Eagle, "Pastor Russell Silent to His Wife For Months," Oct 31, 1911

Since erysipelas can be lethal if not treated properly, it would make sense that Russell wanted her to die from the illness so he could be freed from her. Although legally this falls under neglect, I'm a bit surprised that the prosecution did not at least attempt to charge Russell with attempted murder.

"While respondent denies that he ever told the libellant directly that her sickness was a judgment of God, he admits that he did say this to Rose Ball, with the intention of having her repeat it to his wife. This Rose Ball is the same girl that the respondent admitted was in the habit of sitting on his knee and kissing him, and would naturally be the most offensive messenger by whom he could send a message to his wife. And she didn't fail to carry it to the bedridden wife. Finally, however, she did recover, after about nine weeks illness. She was again about the duties of her home in the spring and summer of 1897, when one day, in the presence of this same Rose Ball, he demands of his wife an itemized statement of her outlays. Something he had never required before, probably because he realized that she had made more of his money than he did. Such a demand at any time would be inexpressibly humiliating to her, and when made in the presence of Rose Ball would be inexcusably and utterly intolerable."
-Brooklyn Daily Eagle, "Pastor Russell Silent to His Wife For Months," Oct 31, 1911

The following is a court transcript from the 1907 testimony of Maria Russell:
"Q: Mrs. Russell, after you separated from your husband in November, 1897, where did you go live?
A: I went to my sister's. [80/1006 Cedar Avenue]
Q: And how long did you live with your sister?
A: A year and a half.
Q: Did you receive any support from your husband during that year and a half?
A: None whatever.
Q: At the expiration of the year and a half, which would be about April, 1899, where did you go live?
A: The house next door to my sister [79/1004 Cedar Avenue], which was owned by my husband, which was left vacant, the tenant moved out and I went in and took possession of it and notified Mr. Russell I was there.
Q: How long did you live in that house?
A: I remained there for four years.
Q: During those four years, did Mr. Russell contribute anything to your support, outside of permitting you to live in this house?
A: Nothing.
Q: And during those four years, how did you make a livelihood?
A. I rented furnished rooms.
[The website author indicates that Maria testified that she made about $30/month profit from renting rooms.]
Q: I believe during this time Mr. Russell gave you some furniture?
A: Yes, Sir.
Q: And that would bring us down now to April, 1903?
A: Yes, Sir.
Q: And did you leave that house on Cedar?
A: On April 16, 1903, Mr. Russell and these men who are with him today came over to my house, and with some others from the office, they were persons connected with the Watch Tower Society and also the [United States] Investment Company and they came over and took possession of the house, and turned me out of the house; he kept the furniture and even retained my pocket book which carried the money that I had received from the rent of rooms.
[The website author points out that she may have spoken the incorrect date; it was March 16th, not April 16th.]
Q: And then I believe shortly after that eviction from this house you instituted these proceedings for divorce? And also proceedings in the [C]ourt of Quarter Sessions for non-support.
A: Yes. Sir.
Q: In which the court sentenced him to pay $40 a month?
A: Yes, Sir.
Q: Which has been done from that time down until the present?
A: Yes, Sir.
Q: Have you had any financial aid from your husband except this $40 a month which you have received since about April 1, 1903, down to the present time?
A: None whatever.
Q: Mrs. Russell, have you any means of your own?
A: I have no means of my own, excepting a very small legacy from my mother, just a few hundred dollars, and that has helped to eke out life with that $40 a month which I have been living on since that time. Mother just died just before I was evicted from that house.
Q: Mrs. Russell, prior to the time you left your husband, did he ever propose a separation?
A: Yes, Sir.
Q: When was that?
A: That was just before we moved down to the Bible House. It was in 1895.
Q: And at that time you were living on Clifton Avenue, Allegheny?
A: Yes, Sir.
Q: Did or did not Mr. Russell at that time make any threat as to what he would do with his property unless you acceded to his demands?
A: Yes, Sir.
Q: What were they?
A: He proposed that on the ground of incompatibility that we agree to separate, and if I would do so he would give me that house in which we were living, and when I broke down at the suggestion, he said if I did not agree to it, that I would not get anything.
Q: After this proposed separation and threat, Mrs. Russell, where did you go to live, you and your husband?
A: We moved down to the Bible House.
Q: At whose suggestion?
A: Mr. Russell's.
Q: And I believe you continued to live there until the final separation in November, 1897?
A: Yes, Sir.
Q: And I believe you continued to do work in the Bible House for Mr. Russell?
A: Yes, Sir, down to the time I took sick; and after that I kept on with the work all the time I was there."

-"Maria Frances Russell v. Charles Taze Russell: Divorce-Separation Court Case (1903-1909)," Jehovah's Witness Divorces, retrieved June 15, 2017, [http://jwdivorces.bravehost.com/decisions/ctrdivorce.html]

There is so much more to all this, but I believe we have already seen more than enough evidence to prove the point. Russell told reporters that he had given Maria and her six tenants notice of eviction, but he did not such thing. (i.e. Russell LIED.) Maria later testified to reporters that Russell had allowed her to stay in a guest room at the "Bible House" under the condition that she submit to the authority of his housekeeper. It would be almost impossible for the lady of the house to give up the authority she has in her own home to a housekeeper because if she doesn't have the authority, it isn't really her home in the first place.

To back up these claims, one of Maria's boarders (given a room in exchange for work) filed assault and battery charges against Russell for grabbing him and trying to throw him into the street. One of Maria's tenants filed a lawsuit against Russell for $1,000 (which would be about $27,000 in 2017) of property damage that Russell had illegally removed from the room he was renting. In addition to the warrant issued for Russell's arrest after he stole money from Maria she needed to purchase food, Russell went to Europe and left his problems in the hands of Joseph Rutherford, who would later succeed him.
(See "$1,000 in 1900," Inflation Calculator, retrived June 15, 2017, [in2013dollars.com/1900-dollars-in-2017?amount=1000])

Russell was involved in so many lawsuits and schemes that it is difficult to know where to end this, and it's difficult to document because much of it has been swept under the rug by the Rutherford and the Watchtower Society. Russell, through advice from his lawyers, found ways to cheat Maria out of any dower (i.e. woman's share for her husband's estate), and shut down any accounts she used to pay for food.
(See "Maria Frances Russell v. Charles Taze Russell: Divorce-Separation Court Case (1903-1909)," Jehovah's Witness Divorces, retrieved June 15, 2017, [http://jwdivorces.bravehost.com/decisions/ctrdivorce.html])

If anything, the wicked core of Russell's heart should be clear, and we now have a better understanding of what kind of man he really was. However, he's not alone, as all the wicked cults who sprang up from Millerism and Russellism have shared the same deception as their predecessors.


As we read earlier, the Russellites, Jehovah's Witnesses, and Watchtower all stem from William Miller and the Adventists. It was the Millerite and Adventist movement doctrines that eventually evolved into what we know as Jehovah's Witnesses today. However, Jehovah's Witnesses are not the only fruit that came from the Adventist movement, and although modern JWs preach as if they just appeared out of nowhere, the truth is that they are nothing more than the twig of a branch on the trunk of an evil tree.

After the Great Disappointment of 1841, a man by the name of Fredrick Wheeler accepted the Millerite and Adventist teaching, and in 1844, Wheeler was holding a communion service at the Washington Christian Church in New Hampshire on the same day he got an out-of-town visitor named Rachael Oakes. During the ceremony, he stated, "All who confess communion with Christ in such a service as this should be ready to obey God and keep His commandments in all things," (i.e. he was telling them they were not of Christ unless they kept all the commandments of God; a works-based "salvation") and when she heard that, she later told him that she almost leapt out of her chair accused him of hypocrisy because she was a Seventh-Day Baptist, and she accused Wheeler of not keeping the Sabbath.
(See Jerome L. Clark, 1844: Religious Movements, Vol. 1, TEACH Services Inc, 1968, p. 70-71, ISBN: 9781572580671; See also Arthur W. Spalding, Origin and History of Seventh-Day Adventists, Vol. 1, Review and Herald Publications Association, 1961, p. 115, [University of Wisconsin - Madison])

Wheeler decided to take Oakes' words to heart, and went home to do some research. After studying in the Bible on the matter, he decided to accept the Sabbath-keeping teaching, or in other words, he accepted the false works-based doctrine that Christians must observe the Sabbath or they cannot be born-again in Christ and will end up in hell.
(Read "Should Christians Keep the Sabbath?" here at creationliberty.com for more details; among those who believe in Sabbath-keeping doctrine, there are almost none who actually keep the Sabbath described in the Old Testament, meaning there are a lot of hypocrites out there.)

As Wheeler's Sabbath-keeping doctrine begins to spread, Thomas Preble, who had accepted Millerite doctrine in 1842, heard Wheeler's doctrine and accepted it. Preble ended up becoming friends with Wheeler, and Preble was the first Adventist to publish the Sabbath-keeping doctrine in print. (See image)
(See Thomas M. Preble, According to the Commandment, Murray & Kimball, 1845)

Preble had supposedly, later in his life, denounced this teaching, but not before he had convinced a number of others it was true; one of those he converted was named Joseph Bates, who read Preble's tract in a publication called "The Hope of Israel," printed on Feb 28, 1845, and the following year, Bates taught the Sabbath-keeping doctrine to a woman named Ellen Harmon, who also accepted it. This is extremely significant because soon after, Ellen Harmon went on to marry a man named John White, and she became Ellen G. White, the founder of the Seventh-Day Adventists.
(Read "Can Women Be Pastors?" here at creationliberty.com for more details.)

This is not only how the Sabbath-keeping doctrine got added into the Millerite movement, but also ended up creating a nearly countless amount of splits into more heretical teachings and cult groups. We just saw one cult timeline, and now we're going to rewind and look at another timeline to bring all this together.

During the Great Disappointment of 1841, a man named Hiram Edson claimed to have a prophetic vision and said that Jesus did not come to earth, but rather, Jesus entered into a special heavenly sanctuary for the first time and would have to do some work there. (i.e. He still believed Miller's prophecy was true, but was slighly off on a few points.) Edson got together with his friend Owen Crosier, and a few years later, they published his vision and doctrine about it (called "The Sanctuary") in the Day-Star Extra on Feb 7, 1846.
(See Arthur White, "O.L. Corsier Article 'The Sanctuary'," Day-Star Extra, 1846, 18-C-3, retrieved June 8, 2017, [ellenwhite.org/content/file/o-l-crosier-article-sanctuary-day-star-extra-1846-18-c-3#document])

The aforementioned Joseph Bates reads about Edson's vision in the Day-Star Extra, and he talks to Ellen White about it; White accepts the vision, and the doctrine that goes with it, known today as "The Investigative Judgment," which teaches that the "divine judgment" of professing Christians has been active since 1844. In a nutshell, the doctrine teaches that once a Christian dies and goes to the judgment, Christ looks to see if they kept all the commandments of God (e.g. keeping the Sabbath), and if they missed one, they cannot enter heaven. To put it in other words, a Seventh-Day Adventist might tell you they believe in grace through faith like you do, but once you get into their church, they'll start to teach you that your name gets in the book of life by faith, but now Jesus has to judge whether or not you keep the Sabbath, and if you don't, you're doomed to hell. White emphasized the importance of this doctrine as a foundation for Seventh-Day Adventists, and they still believe and teach it today.
(See Ellen G. White, Counsels to Writers and Editors, Review and Herald Publications Association, 1946, p. 30-31, ISBN: 9780828011761)

The Seventh-Day Adventist (SDA) name was officially corporated in 1863, and in their cult, Ellen White's writings are considered as prophetic as the Bible itself. A few decades later, in 1929, Victor and Florence Houteff joined the Seventh-Day Adventist church, taught some variation of SDA doctrine, which got them excommunicated, but later, Victor published their doctrine in a book called The Shepherd's Rod.
(See Victor T. Houteff, The Shepherd's Rod, Universal Publications Association, 1945)

The Houteffs started the Shepherd's Rod Adventists, and later changed their name to the Davidian Seventh-Day Adventists (hereafter referred to as Davidians), which was started in 1930. Victor died in 1955, leaving Florence in charge of the church, and she prophesied the end of the world would be in 1959.
(See George D. Chryssides, Exploring New Religions, A&C Black, 2001, p. 50, ISBN: 9780826459596)

A couple named Benjamin and Lois Roden stepped up and claimed the Houteffs had it wrong, that the end was actually in 1960, and since Ellen White had previously prophesied the return of Elijah, Benjamin claimed he was Elijah returned. Benjamin also told the Davidians that he was the one chosen by God to take over leadship of the organization, and after the Davidians went bankrupt, they followed Benjamin, who renamed the organization the Branch Davidian Seventh-Day Adventists (hereafter referred to as Branch Davidians). If you read our article "Should Christians Keep the Sabbath?" I point out that almost no one today actually keeps the Sabbath as instructed in the Old Testament, and likewise, the Adventists don't keep hardly any of the Old Testament commandments, but to Benjamin Roden's credit, he realized this fact, and wanted to avoid hypocrisy and live the way he claimed to believe, so he started adding in a lot of other Old Testament rituals and feast days to the list of required beliefs and duties for "Christians."

Benjamin Roden died, leaving Lois Roden in charge of the Branch Davidians, and two decades later, in 1979, a young man named Vernon Howell joined the Seventh-Day Adventists, but was kicked out due to his explicit sexual references while preaching; Howell then switched to the Branch Dividians in 1981. Many of those in the Branch Davidians were also offended by Howell's sexual preaching (Benjamin Roden's son, George, called Howell the 'masturbating messiah'), and when they disfellowshipped him, Howell moved in with Lois Roden (who was almost 70 at the time) and began a sexual relationship with her, which sparked George to pull a gun on Howell and force him to leave.
(See George D. Chryssides, Exploring New Religions, A&C Black, 2001, p. 52, ISBN: 9780826459596)

Howell went to Israel for a year, returned to the Branch Davidians in 1983, claimed to have a vision from God for them, and changed his name to David Koresh. (David based on King David, and Koresh based on Cyrus the Great) After traveling halfway around the world and finally convincing some Branch Davidians to accept him as the new messiah, he set up his base of operations in Waco, Texas, which ended in the famous "Waco Siege of 1993," where AFT (Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms) officers assaulted Howell's compound over the suspected harboring of illegal firearms and explosives; the siege lasted 51 days with a body count total of 76 members (68 adults and 21 children) of the Branch Davidians, Howell being one of them.
(See Kenneth G. Newport, The Branch Davidians of Waco: The History and Beliefs of an Apocalyptic Sect, OUP Oxford, 2006, p. 1, ISBN: 9780199245741)

A number of Branch Davidians were arrested, one of them named Renos Avraam, who claimed to be the successor of David Koresh, or the "Chosen Vessel of the Remaining Bride," and he started branch of the Branch Davidians called the Hidden Manna. (This group is technically called the Hidden Manna Branch Davidian Seventh-Day Adventists.) After the Waco Siege, Avraam was sentenced to 10 years for voluntary manslaughter and 30 years for various weapons violations. Avraam prophesied Koresh would return in 1999, which obviously did not happen, and with good behavior, he was released from prison in 2006.
(See Mattias Gardell, Gods of the Blood: The Pagan Revival and White Separatism, Duke University Press, 2003, p. 353, ISBN: 9780822330714

Avraam's Hidden Manna still exist today, although they are relatively hard to find since they're very secretive about authorship and domains. Avraam's last date for the end of the world was Mar 14, 2014. I've been told that Avraam and the Hidden Manna Branch Davidians own the websites "sevenseals.com" and "branchdavidian.com," although when checking whois.com for registrar information, the identity of the owners is concealed by privacy companies.
(I also read that they used to own seventrumpets.com and davidkoresh.com, but as of June 2017, it seems the domains are abandoned.)

Another Branch Davidian follower named Ron Cole believed that Koresh did not complete his duties as a messenger, and it was now up to Cole to pick up the task. Cole authored a book called Sinister Twilight, in which he told the story of the Waco Siege from the Branch Davidian side. Cole founded the First Colorado Light Infantry Militia and the North American Liberation Army, and in 1997, he and his fellow cult members ended up in prison for possession of illegial firearms and explosives.
(See John R. Cashman, Emergency Response to Chemical and Biological Agents, CRC Press, 2002, p. 253, ISBN: 9781420048445; As a side note, Cole had contact with Timothy McVeigh before the Oklahoma City Bombing, but since the bombing was a government conspiracy, this fact did not hold much relevance to the subject matter of Jehovah's Witnesses.)

Probably the most popular faction of the Branch Davidians is what Clive Doyle is a part of; Doyle met Koresh in 1981, and has been a follower of him since, even allowing his own teenage daughter to have sex with Koresh. Doyle's daughter died during the Waco Siege. In an interview with Doyle on the 20th anniversary after the Waco Siege, Doyle still believes Koresh will return, he still believes the sexual intercourse his daughter had with Koresh and all the other women of the Waco compound was decreed by God, and he still believes he is experiencing the end times, as do all the other Branch Davidians in their organization, which still operates to this day.
(See Carol Kuruvilla, "Waco survivor awaits Branch Davidian leader David Koreshís resurrection," New York Daily News, Mar 25, 2014, retrieved June 16, 2017, [nydailynews.com/news/national/waco-survivor-waiting-david-koresh-resurrection-article-1.1734205])

All this branched out of the root of the evil Millerite tree, the same roots that Jehovah's Witnesses have. I hope that Christians will consider that when God ordered the Jews to execute false prophets (Deut 18:20), or when God killed the couple who lied about what they gave to the church (Acts 5:1-11), that He was righteous in His judgment. Don't misunderstand this to think that Christians should kill anyone, as the Bible clearly tells us that is sin, and we have no authority to carry out the punishment of His judgment, but I'm making the point to tell Christians that we ought to sanctify ourselves away (i.e. set ourselves apart) from such people because God took these matters with the upmost seriousness for a very good reason. The Lord God has always known what these types of people would eventually breed; that is, factions and cults that would profane His Name, and I believe we Christians ought to take the matter of false prophets and liars seriously, just as God does.

A little leaven leaveneth the whole lump.
-Galatians 5:9

A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit, neither can a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit.
-Matthew 7:18

The following list contains the names of cults that have developed from the Millerites. I would ask that American Christians read over these carefully because you will likely recognize some of the names, and you may have seen some of these church buildings in your area. We ought to sanctify ourselves away from these organizations and from these people if they will not acknowledge the truth of their origins and repent of their false prophecies and beliefs.

Christadelphians (1846) The Messenger Party (1853)
American Millennial Association (1858) Seventh-Day Adventist Church (1860)
Advent Christian Association (1860) Church of Jesus Christ (1862)
Church of Christ (1863) Church of God (1867)
Sabbath Adventist Conference (1874) Zion's Watch Tower and Tract Society (1881)
7th Day Church of God (1884) Church of God General Conference (1884)
Church of the Blessed Hope (1888) New Covenant Fellowship (1909)
New Covenant Believers (1909) Laymen's Home Missionary Movement (1918)
Pastoral Bible Institute (1918) Stand Fast Bible Students (1918)
Elijah Voice Society (1923) True and Free Seventh-Day Adventists (1924)
Seventh-Day Adventist Reform Movement (1925) Servants of Yah (1925)
Christian Millennial Fellowship (1928) Davidian Seventh-Day Adventists (1930)
Dawn Bible Students (1931) Jehovah's Witnesses (1931)
Radio Church of God (1934) Worldwide Church of God (1934)
Watchers of the Morning (1936) Assembly of YHVH (1939)
Assembly of Yahweh (1943) United Seventh-Day Brethren (1947)
Sabbath Rest Advent Church (1954) Laodecians Home Missionary Movement (1955)
Epiphany Bible Students (1956) Branch Davidian Seventh-Day Adventists (1959)
Assemblies of Yahweh (1969) Yahweh's Assembly in Messiah (1980)
Eternal Gospel Church (1992) Hidden Manna (1993)
Yahweh's Assembly in Yahshua (2007) And much more...

This list only a handful of the hundreds, if not thousands, of various branches of Millerism/Adventism developed over the past 180 years. The original concept that the early Millerites developed was non-organizational, which means they did not believe in having a core network organization; it was for this reason that they became well-known for publishing magazines and having conferences, because that was the only way for their followers to link into a central belief.

Each branch would start their own conferences and publish their own magazines and newsletters, but while many died out because they believed in a non-evangelistic approach, others prospered because they took a marketing approach. (e.g. Russellites and Jehovah's Witnesses) They would often split because a small group within the denomination believed something slightly different (sometimes doctrinally, sometimes prophetically), so they would go start their own denomination. Some denominations failed, and the leftover members would split to start up two or three more from it, and those branches became more popular, which is why you might somewhat recognize the names in this list in relation to church buildings with similar names you may have seen while driving down a country road; they have a connection to one another, but there have been so many variations over the past two centuries, it's nearly impossible to keep track of them all.

However, there is one thing all these have in common. To them, the "Gospel" is not the blood sacrifice of the Lamb of God for the payment of sin; their "gospel" is the believe that Jesus is coming back at any moment, and this is why so many of these cults today keep preaching the false doctrine of pre-tribulation rapture.
(Read "The Beginner's Guide to Tribulation & Rapture" here at creationliberty.com for more details.)

Paul, very clearly, rebuked all of them in 2 Thessalonians 2:

Now we beseech you, brethren, by the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, and by our gathering together unto him,
-2 Thessalonians 2:1

In context, this is referring to the faithful elect of Christ being raptured together at His second coming.

That ye be not soon shaken in mind, or be troubled, neither by spirit, nor by word, nor by letter as from us, as that the day of Christ is at hand.
-2 Thessalonians 2:2

The Church at Thessalonica believed that Christ's return was "at hand," meaning that it was just around the corner. They believed that He would return within months or years, just as all the Adventist/Millerite cults have believed. Paul told them not to get excited or worried that Christ's return was imminent.

Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition; Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God. Remember ye not, that, when I was yet with you, I told you these things?
-2 Thessalonians 2:3-5

The son of perdition is the final antichrist, and the final antichrist sitting in Solomon's temple declaring himself to be the messiah is not going to happen until somewhere midway through the final seven years of tribulation. (i.e. Pre-trib prophecy is false; it's that simple.) Only when that event happens will we know that the day of Christ is at hand, and we are nowhere close to that time because Solomon's temple hasn't even been rebuilt yet. All the pre-tribbers out there have their hopes in a false prophecy, and just like the Millerites/Adventists, many protect it with vicious hatred, condemning people like me as a "fake Christian" because, as I said earlier, they believe the "gospel" is that Christ will return at any moment, so when I reject their "gospel," in their eyes, they believe I'm rejecting Christ.

I pray Christians would sanctify themselves away from such cults. We can pray for them, and I'm not saying we can't talk with them in attempt to teach them repentance for the saving of their souls, but we ought to be separate from them because the only difference between all these cultic denominations and the Watchtower is money, time, and influence.

But he answered and said, Every plant, which my heavenly Father hath not planted, shall be rooted up. Let them alone: they be blind leaders of the blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch.
-Matthew 15:13-14


At the beginning, I expressed a large amount of doubt that an active Jehovah's Witness would read this article, and that's because they are strongly disciplined by The Watchtower to stay away from ANY material that is not Watchtower approved. Materials outside of the JW organization are automatically considered "apostate" and "false," and many ex-Jehovah's Witnesses have found out the hard way what happens to JWs who dare to read or listen to any non-Watchtower documentation.

Ex-JWs have lost family, friends, and spouses, and in some very sad cases in which an ex-JW grew up in a JW family, being excommunicated, or "disfellowshipped," which means more than just departing from the JWs. Sometimes it means losing a husband or wife, losing your home, losing your children, and much more. The Watchtower, by their strict regulations, will threaten a leaving member with this, literally blackmailing them with his/her family and friends, while lying to their congregations by implying that they do no such thing.

This is from the Watchtower's Awake! article published in 2009:
"Although the Bible makes a clear distinction between true and false teachings, God allows each person the freedom to choose how he or she will respond. No one should be forced to worship in a way that he finds unacceptable or be made to choose between his beliefs and his family. Does study of the Bible lead to family breakup? No. In fact, the Bible encourages a husband and wife who practice different religions to remain together as a family."
-Watchtower Online Library, "The Bible's Viewpoint: Is It Wrong to Change Your Religion?" Awake! 2009, p. 28-29, retrieved Apr 28, 2017, [wol.jw.org/en/wol/d/r1/lp-e/102009251#h=3]

The Bible might encourage a family to stay together, but the Watchtower does not, and if you have read everything up to this point, it should be no surprise that the Watchtower violates its own teachings in hypocrisy. Every day, JWs are forcing members to choose between family and religion because they instruct their members to shun (i.e. have no contact or communication with) a leaving member unless he/she returns and submits to Watchtower authority.

Tim and JoAnne Terrana were very dedicated Jehovah's Witnesses, and had been very active in the organization for over 25 years, but many years before leaving JWs, Tim had come to learn about Russell's false prophecies, and it brought up many tough questions for him. This lead him to investigate some more things that didn't add up about Watchtower doctrines, so he started going through the Bible and writing down a list of questions that he had:
"The list got longer and longer to say the least. By the time I got to the book of first Corinthians, I threw the list out because I didn't have enough time."
-Tim Terrana, "Our Search for Truth Ended with Jesus: Ex Jehovah's Witness Testimony," 1987, retrieved June 20, 2017, [youtube.com/watch?v=lr_nljqNx6E]

Tim described the many long hours he spent in JW meetings and duties (like going door to door), and this is one of the ways they keep their cult members obedient. Many of the testimonies I've read and listened to say they didn't have enough time to look into the things they sensed were wrong about the Watchtower and what they teach. JWs spend a lot of time studying and learning, but if they're active enough in the organization to be considered a "good Jehovah's Witness," then they don't have any time to think about what they're learning.

What started to really bother Tim was many years later his father began to leave the Jehovah's Witnesses, and Tim asked him why. Tim's father gave him some verses out of Revelation 21 and 22, the same ones I mentioned in previous chapters, about how the "Alpha and Omega, the first and the last" was speaking interchangably, through both personage and description, with Jesus Christ. At first, Tim, did not want to think about it, but his wife JoAnne did, and it began to trouble her as well.

She also read through Rev 1:

Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they also which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. Even so, Amen. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.
-Revelation 1:7-8

The JWs believe this is all referring to Jehovah God because He declares is the "Alpha and Omega," and yet, it says that He was pierced. JoAnne knew the only one who that is referring to in the context is Jesus Christ, and there was no way around it: The JWs were wrong, and God and Christ are one.

JoAnne talked about her mother having had numerous radiation treatments for cancer, and finally, knowing the radiation treatments were no longer working, she went down to Mexico to get treated at a Laetrile clinic (i.e. B17). Although she would likely die from the radiation treatments no matter what she did, the vitamin treatments would at least prevent any further cancer issues she might have had. The Laetrile clinic was run by born-again Christians who did their best every day to share the truth of the Gospel with JoAnne's mother, knowing they were Jehovah's Witnesses, and although her mother never verbally confess Christ (i.e. she only confessed the JW organization), JoAnne hopes her mother, through the preaching of the medical staff in Mexico, confessed Christ before she died.
(Read "The Cure for Cancer" here at creationliberty.com for more details.)

While he was a Jehovah's Witness, Michael Lehre had attempted suicide, but was saved by the grace of God. Michael was led to suicide through the doctrine of the JWs, believing that the Jehovah's Witness god hated him and was ready to destroy him, so he attempted to kill himself because he thought there was no other way out.
(See Michael Lehre, "Ex-Jehovah's Witness Testimony: Michael Lehre," caligirl7525, retrieved June 21, 2017, [youtube.com/watch?v=sZxKK52ibas&t=2799s])

Michael was born into the Jehovah's Witnesses and spent most of his life learning Watchtower doctrine, attending all the meetings, and going door-to-door. Through a series of events, he came to find some Scriptures that contradicted basic JW teaching, so he brought them to show the elders at the JW Kingdom Hall sessions, but when he just asked them to read the verse he was showing them with the Bible in his hand, he said they lifted up their heads and refused to look down at the Bible to read it; Michael tried it with three different elders, and all of them responded the same way.

Michael wanted to keep it simple for them, so he attempted to show them John 20, in which Thomas mentions that Jesus was nailed to the cross with NAILS plural. This is significant because JWs teach that he was nailed with a single nail to a torture stake (this is how they portray it in their artwork as well), but the Bible says it was more than one nail; Michael just wanted them to read the verse:
"Anything I wanted to show them--'No, no, no.' They just going about me questioning--'What are you doing? Why are you questioning the Watchtower Society? Why are you questioning the truth?' I'm not. I'm questioning why we teach these things--the Bible says that, and these men wouldn't talk to me, they wouldn't have it. And I looked to one of them, he was a good friend of mine, 'Come on dude, come on, just look down at the Bible, just read it to me please.' [He responded] 'I can't do that.' So I said 'Okay, alright.' And that was it."
-Michael Lehre, "Ex-Jehovah's Witness Testimony: Michael Lehre," caligirl7525, retrieved June 21, 2017, [youtube.com/watch?v=sZxKK52ibas&t=2799s]

Many of the ex-JWs I've read and listened to have given similar testimonies. They hear, but refuse to listen; they look, but refuse to see. The JW elders have strict control over the rest of their organization, and to question the organization, in their eyes, is to doubt/reject Jehovah; which also means to question the elders is to doubt/reject Jehovah. (i.e. If you question the elders of the Watchtower, you get kicked out.)

Mary Parker learned this lesson the hard way, as she was secretly disfellowshipped (i.e. shunned so that no one was permitted to speak or interact with her) before even being told she was disfellowshipped because she had questioned one of the methods that the elders had decreed concerning a JW evangelism project. She found out one of the elders hated her, so he made special effort to get her disfellowshipped, and the unanimous decision of the elders sent her into a panic attack that led her to attempt suicide. (Remember that the Watchtower teaches that if you're not a JW, you will not be a part of God's kingdom; this is the reason many JWs panic in fear when they are disciplined by the elders.)
(See Mary Parker, "Ex-Jehovah Witness Mary Parker - Kicked Out Of Their Kingdom," Heard Learned, retrieved June 22, 2017, [youtube.com/watch?v=lfaI560fuXE])

While recovering in her mother's home, Mary began to read Christian books her mother had on hand, she started studying the Bible for herself, and she found the truth of Christ. One of the verses of Scripture she said really opened her eyes was from John 2:

And said unto them that sold doves, Take these things hence; make not my Father's house an house of merchandise. And his disciples remembered that it was written, The zeal of thine house hath eaten me up. Then answered the Jews and said unto him, What sign shewest thou unto us, seeing that thou doest these things? Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. Then said the Jews, Forty and six years was this temple in building, and wilt thou rear it up in three days? But he spake of the temple of his body.
-John 2:16-21

Although we went over this in an earlier chapter, I will once again point out that the New World Translation also says "I will raise it up." This is from the 2013 revision, the latest I could find at the time I wrote this article; the Watchtower has been making continual revisions as the so-called "perfect" translation because they keep finding places where they forgot to take out references that Jesus is God:
"Jesus replied to them: 'Tear down this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.' The Jews then said: 'This temple was built in 46 years, and will you raise it up in three days?' But he was talking about the temple of his body."
-Jehovah's Witnesses, "According to John2:1-25," New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures, 2013, retrieved June 22, 2017, [jw.org/en/publications/bible/nwt/books/john/2]

First of all, Jehovah's Witnesses believe that Jesus was sinless, which means they believe He never lied, so if He claimed His body was raised from the dead, that means he was resurrected, which also means the Watchtower is wrong because they teach that Jesus was not resurrected. (i.e. The Watchtower can't be Jehovah's organization because it teaches lies.) Also, Jesus said "I will raise it up," which means He raised Himself from the dead, and only God can do that. (i.e. Jesus is God!)

I found some difficulty in trying to put some testimonies on here because they were either far too short (i.e. they didn't give enough detail), or they were far too long, and I had to summarize them. However, the one thing I kept finding in most of them was leaven (i.e. things contrary to God's Word), and although I was glad some had found Christ, I kept seeing so many of them jump out of the frying pan into the fire.

I realize that many readers probably expected this section to be only former JW testimonies, but as I listened to them, I was very convicted to write about this subject rather than document lots of testimonies. The more testimonies I went through, the more troubled I became in what I was hearing and reading. For the sake of other Christians, and if God wills, for the sake of any Jehovah's Witness who is considering leaving the Watchtower, I want to address the problems I have seen and heard in these testimonies.

I often found a common phrase in which they would said: "All I had to do was accept Jesus." I understand that many of them came from a works-based religion, and believing on Christ for His grace lifts the burden from their shoulders. However, I could tell there was no repentance of sin in a number of the testimonies I saw; there was repentance of being in the JW cult, but not repentance of sin. Many claimed they were seeking God everywhere, but just couldn't seem to find Him in Jehovah's Witnesses, but then they came out and finally found the God they were seeking.

As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one: There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God. They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one.
-Romans 3:10-12

The problem is that many of them thought they had a heart that yearned for God, and I've listened to them testify that's why they joined the JWs in the first place. I've heard many former Witnesses say that the JWs are all a people who really love God, but just need to have their eyes opened, and that is simply not what Scripture teaches us. The fact is that there is none that seeks after God, God must seek us out first, and that if these people truly had a heart that yearned for God (which He would have given them), then they would not have joined the JWs in the first place.

There was one young woman on Youtube I listened to who actually taught repentance of sin, and was surprisingly on target with salvation doctrine (I say 'surprisingly' because it's rare to see); she made a phone call to a local Kingdom Hall where she brought up some issues of doctrine that were taught on jw.org (the official JW website), and got in a conversation with the man, who was a 71-year old elder and had been a JW for 35 years. During the conversation, he could not answer the points about Christ, but explained why he was a Jehovah's Witness. He said that he was a JW because he wanted to live in Jehovah's earthly kingdom so he could do all the things he never got to do, like fishing for example, and she responded:
"This is the problem with Watchtower, it appeals to your fleshly desires. It's actually not a spiritually thing. You said you wanted to fish and stuff, and I'm saying I want to be with the one who made me... Jesus wants you to be with Him, and you want to fish?"
-caligirl7525, "Telephone Call with a Jehovah's Witness - JW Admits Watchtower Predicted 1975," retrieved June 22, 2017, [youtube.com/watch?v=CtT6y0RTA6o]; I am not endorsing this woman in any way, there are still other problems of leaven she has, like new-age bible versions for example, so I am only commending her on her responses to this JW elder.

When she told him that the Watchtower appeals to earthly desires, she's not wrong, and this one of the reasons people become JWs in the first place. The Bible does not use the blessings of God a fishing lure for salvation, but rather, the Bible says we are saved by Christ after God has given us repetnace through the hearing of the law.

In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth;
-2 Timothy 2:25

But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed. Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.
-Galatians 3:23-24

For godly sorrow worketh repentance to salvation not to be repented of: but the sorrow of the world worketh death.
-2 Corinthians 7:10

When I use the word 'repentance', I'm meaning the Biblical definition of 'grief' and 'sorrow' for wrongdoing. I would highly recommend readers to read over an article we have called "Is Repentance Part of Salvation?" which will give a lot more details on this. Even the first time the word "repent" is used in Scripture, it is defined as greif and sorrow.

And it repented the LORD that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart.
-Genesis 6:6

This teaching is generally rejected by modern-day church buildings of every shape, size, and flavor because not only do they rely on corrupt lexicons and concordances (authored by non-Christian men) to interpret the Word of God for them, but many of them have never repented. They typically use the definition of repent meaning 'to turn', claiming that repentance is works, and so they use the wrong definition to claim that repentance is not part of the salvation of Christ, but that is only one of many defintions for repentance, and the Bible uses more than one definition for repentance in its context. When Christ and Christians started teaching in the New Testament, they did not go out and first teach that men should believe; the first thing Jesus Christ taught in His ministry was repentance, the first thing the disciples taught in thier ministry was repentance, and the first thing the church taught in evangelism was repentance.
(Read "Dangers of Using Lexicons and Concordances" here at creationliberty.com for more details.)

From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.
-Matthew 4:17

And he called unto him the twelve, and began to send them forth by two and two... And they went out, and preached that men should repent.
-Mark 6:7-12

But shewed first unto them of Damascus, and at Jerusalem, and throughout all the coasts of Judaea, and then to the Gentiles, that they should repent and turn to God, and do works meet for repentance.
-Acts 26:20

So people typically fall into two catagories; the first are those who think they are inwardly good people, and just need to be in the right organization to go to heaven. (i.e. church-goers) The second are those who know they are not good, but seek to earn their way into heaven by working off the bad things they've done, and the Watchtower heavily appeals to such people.

The point is that whatever they were seeking when they became JWS, it was not God or truth they were seeking; it was something more fleshly. The reason many people will argue against me on that (although I have Scripture to back up what I'm saying) is because the Watchtower claims to be separate from the world, and strictly enforces families away from pagan activities.

Although Jehovah's Witnesses are wrong on many foundational doctrines of Scripture, there are some things they have right; for example, they teach strictly against Christmas and Easter as paganism and witchcraft, and they are absolutely correct. All the origins and traditions of Christmas and Easter were born out of witchcraft, and it was the Catholic church that caused them to flourish; however, the problem is that the Watchtower forces JWs to abstain from celebrating Christmas and Easter on the grounds of threat of disfellowship, which means the Watchtower will use their their loved ones as blackmail and extortion against them.
(Read "Christmas: The Rejection of Jesus" here at creationliberty.com for more details.)

To give another example, the Watchtower teaches that blood transfusions are wrong on the basis of "abstaining from blood." (Acts 15:20) The context is talking about eating blood, not getting a transfusion, and Jesus cleared up that matter by asking the Pharisees:

And he saith unto them, Is it lawful to do good on the sabbath days, or to do evil? to save life, or to kill? But they held their peace.
-Mark 3:4

It is better to save life than to kill, and so to allow many JWs to die by refusing blood transfusions is against the doctrines of Christ. However, they also avoid vaccines for the same reasons, refusing to take vaccination, and this is where a big confusion enters in because vaccines ARE dangerous and should be avoided. Jehovah's Witnesses sometimes do the right thing, but for the wrong reasons.
(Read "The United Vacci-Nations" here at creationliberty.com for more details.)

So we have many ex-JWs who are going from one extreme to the other; they go from strict commandments against every detailed matter, to absolute liberty in all things, and the sad part is, they claim to adhere to God's Word in both factions. Just take Christmas for example, when they were JWs, they did not celebrate it because the organization they were a part said it was not okay to do it, and now as ex-JWs, they're celebrating it because the organization they're a part of says it's okay to do it, but my point is this: When are they going to look to God's Word as their foundation, rather than the organization?

God's Word does not mention Christmas specifically, but it does mention the practices therein. God says he hates these practices, and told Israel not to learn them:

Thus saith the LORD, Learn not the way of the heathen, and be not dismayed at the signs of heaven; for the heathen are dismayed at them. For the customs of the people are vain: for one cutteth a tree out of the forest, the work of the hands of the workman, with the axe. They deck it with silver and with gold; they fasten it with nails and with hammers, that it move not.
-Jeremiah 10:2-4

You don't go to hell because you celebrated Christmas, but I have conviction against that holiday because I'm more concerned with how God sees these things than how we want to see them. For the same reason I don't celebrate birthdays, just as JWs don't celebrate birthdays, because of pagan origins and traditions, on top of the fact that they cause a lot of other problems most church-goers don't stop to consider. However, JWs teach false doctrine about Christ, salvation, grace, prophecy, and a multitude of other things we've covered in this article, and so the phrase I would use here is "don't throw the baby out with the bath water," or in other words, don't take advantage of the liberty in Christ to say that because he has delivered us, therefore, we can do whatever we want.
(Read "Why I Don't Celebrate Birthdays" here at creationliberty.com for more details.)

The Jews used to say the same things:

Behold, ye trust in lying words, that cannot profit. Will ye steal, murder, and commit adultery, and swear falsely, and burn incense unto Baal, and walk after other gods whom ye know not; And come and stand before me in this house, which is called by my name, and say, We are delivered to do all these abominations?
-Jeremiah 7:8-10

The Bible clearly tells us that fornicators, adulterers, witches, and idolaters (pagans) will not enter the kingdom of God:

Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies, Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.
-Galatians 5:19-21

I find it fascinating that the typical church-goer will not adopt the traditions of adulterers and fornicators, meaning that they won't go out to bars to try to pick up a one-night-stand date, nor will they participate in orgies or swingers parties or any other such wickedness. However, they WILL adopt the traditions of witches and pagans, thinking that for some strange reason that because God sent His Son to suffer and die for the sins of man, now he thinks the traditions of witches and pagans are warm, fuzzy, feel-good events that make Him super happy.

There's much more beyond this, as the traditional modern-day church buildings start to teach ex-JWs bad habits. For example, they'll go from using the New World Translation into using some other new-age bible version that's going to teach them watered-down doctrine. Most of the church buildings I've seen have been trained to stay away from the King James Bible, and so when an ex-JW comes into a more welcoming and "loving" community of church-goers than they experience with the JWs, then they get an emotional attachment to them that blinds them to the fact that they use corrupt versions of God's Word.
(Read "Why I Use The King James Bible" here at creationliberty.com for more details.)

Don't misunderstand, I'm not saying that all those ex-JWs who go into the new-age church buildings are unsaved; I'm just saying they're going from one false doctrine to the next. There are some I have seen who have repentance, the godly sorrow for sin, and teach the salvation of Christ the Biblical way, but they are rare, and among those rare ones I've seen, I've noticed most of them have adopted a lot of leavened traditions and practices because they go into the traditional church buildings. (This is excluding those who go into atheism and other such absurd belief systems.)
(Read "Everything You Need To Know About Atheism" here at creationliberty.com for more details.)

The whole situation is very sad because coming out of the brainwashing and cult mentality is difficult enough, but once they get out of it, Satan has many more roadblocks in place. All I can do is try my best to present the truth of these matters as the Lord Jesus Christ has given me understanding, and pray that some will be willing to listen.

The message I would give to an ex-JW is that there is a hell, and belonging to a cult is not what puts anyone in hell. It is sin that leads people to hell, but doing good works will not lead us to heaven; only by the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ can we be saved.

For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Not of works, lest any man should boast.
-Ephesians 2:8

The law is the schoolmaster, and JWs know the law quite well. The truth is that you can't do works to make up for violation fo the law. Through godly sorrow of wrong doing, turn to Christ and put your faith in Him ALONE, and no other.

And you, being dead in your sins and the uncircumcision of your flesh, hath he quickened together with him, having forgiven you all trespasses; Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross; And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them in it.
-Colossians 2:13-15

If you have repented and trusted in Him to save you, then Jesus Christ has given you a gift that no man can take away. There is no works needed for your salvation, and your place is guaranteed on the Word of God. However, this is not a free pass to do whatever you feel like doing:

For, brethren, ye have been called unto liberty; only use not liberty for an occasion to the flesh, but by love serve one another. For all the law is fulfilled in one word, even in this; Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. But if ye bite and devour one another, take heed that ye be not consumed one of another. This I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lust of the flesh. For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other: so that ye cannot do the things that ye would. But if ye be led of the Spirit, ye are not under the law.
-Galatians 5:13-18

We ought to search the Word of God and pray that we may see the world the way that Christ sees it. We should not look at the world through our own eyes, but through the glasses that the Bible provides for us.

Ye shall not do after all the things that we do here this day, every man whatsoever is right in his own eyes.
-Deuteronomy 12:8

Every way of a man is right in his own eyes: but the LORD pondereth the hearts.
-Proverbs 21:2

Once we are born again in Christ, we should seek to keep His commandments, but compared to the Watchtower, His burden is light. You can put down the burden of the endless meetings, rituals, and obligations.

Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls. For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light.
-Matthew 11:28-30

If we love Him, we ought to learn what pleases Him, and do those things; not because we are kicked out of His family if we don't, but because we want to please our Heavenly Father, that He would look favorably upon us.

If ye love me, keep my commandments.
-John 14:15

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